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Frontiers of Mechanical Engineering

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RESEARCH ARTICLE
Frequency domain active vibration control of a flexible plate based on neural networks
Jinxin LIU, Xuefeng CHEN, Zhengjia HE
Front Mech Eng. 2013, 8 (2): 109-117.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11465-013-0252-z
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A neural-network (NN)-based active control system was proposed to reduce the low frequency noise radiation of the simply supported flexible plate. Feedback control system was built, in which neural network controller (NNC) and neural network identifier (NNI) were applied. Multi-frequency control in frequency domain was achieved by simulation through the NN-based control systems. A pre-testing experiment of the control system on a real simply supported plate was conducted. The NN-based control algorithm was shown to perform effectively. These works lay a solid foundation for the active vibration control of mechanical structures.

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Dymola-based multi-parameters integrated optimization for high speed transfer system of LED chip sorter
Jie OUYANG, Bin LI, Shihua GONG
Front Mech Eng. 2013, 8 (2): 118-126.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11465-013-0253-y
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To enhance the performance of high speed transfer system of LED chip sorting equipment, its control parameters need to be well matching with the mechanical system. In practical issues, it is difficult and time-consuming work to get these parameters matched because their selection is strongly depended on individuals. In current work, an integrated optimization method was carried out to solve this problem, in which the multiple control parameters optimization, modeling and simulation were included, i.e., a multi-domain model of transfer system performed on Dymola platform. Based on this model, the searching area of the key control parameters was narrowed by performing integrated optimization. After that a group of parameters were selected from this narrowed area to perform the equipment’s controls. The result showed this method possesses a simple and reliable nature. The optimal solutions also indicated that the optimized control parameters can well satisfy the requirements of transfer system. On the other hand, it greatly reduced the engineering adjustment time by using this method.

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Nonlinear dynamic behaviour of a cam mechanism with oscillating roller follower in presence of profile error
Walha LASSAAD, Tounsi MOHAMED, Driss YASSINE, Chaari FAKHER, Fakhfakh TAHER, Haddar MOHAMED
Front Mech Eng. 2013, 8 (2): 127-136.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11465-013-0254-x
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In this paper we investigate the nonlinear dynamic behaviour of a cam mechanism with oscillating roller follower in presence of defects. The nonlinear developed lumped-mass model includes eight degrees of freedom with two nonlinear hertzian contacts. The first one is located between cam and first roller while the second is between second roller and the sliding rod. The nonlinear dynamic behaviour is described by second order differential equations which are resolved by using the implicit Newmark algorithm combined with the Newton-Raphson iterative scheme. The influence of the cam profile error on the dynamic behaviour is also investigated.

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An assemble-to-order production planning with the integration of order scheduling and mixed-model sequencing
Baoxi WANG, Zailin GUAN, Yarong CHEN, Xinyu SHAO, Ming JIN, Chaoyong ZHANG
Front Mech Eng. 2013, 8 (2): 137-145.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11465-013-0251-0
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For assemble-to-order enterprises, both order scheduling and mixed-model sequencing need to be taken into consideration in the formulation of order-oriented assembly plan. First, determining production priority for the received orders, and then conducting assembly sequence to the mixed-model products in each order. Order scheduling is aimed to ensure order delivery with the optimization goal of minimal total overdue time, while product sequencing is aimed to minimize the makespan so as to meet the requirement on completion time of the order. In the end, the paper establishes a mixed integer programming model based on an industrial case, and makes programming calculation with Xpress-MP to accomplish an order-oriented assembly plan conforming to actual production.

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Dependence of error sensitivity of frequency on bias voltage in force-balanced micro accelerometer
Lili CHEN, Wu ZHOU
Front Mech Eng. 2013, 8 (2): 146-149.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11465-013-0260-z
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To predict more precisely the frequency of force-balanced micro accelerometer with different bias voltages, the effects of bias voltages on error sensitivity of frequency is studied. The resonance frequency of accelerometer under closed loop control is derived according to its operation principle, and its error sensitivity is derived and analyzed under over etching structure according to the characteristics of Deep Reaction Ion Etching (DRIE). Based on the theoretical results, micro accelerometer is fabricated and tested to study the influences of AC bias voltage and DC bias voltage on sensitivity, respectively. Experimental results indicate that the relative errors between test data and theory data are less than 7%, and the fluctuating value of error sensitivity under the range of voltage adjustment is less than 0.01 μm-1. It is concluded that the error sensitivity with designed parameters of structure, circuit and process error can be used to predict the frequency of accelerometer with no need to consider the influence of bias voltage.

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Transient analysis of thermoelastic contact problem of disk brakes
Ali BELHOCINE, Mostefa BOUCHETARA
Front Mech Eng. 2013, 8 (2): 150-159.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11465-013-0266-6
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The main purpose of this study is to analyze the thermomechanical behavior of the dry contact between the brake disk and pads during the braking phase. The simulation strategy is based on computer code ANSYS11. The modeling of transient temperature in the disk is actually used to identify the factor of geometric design of the disk to install the ventilation system in vehicles. The thermal-structural analysis is then used with coupling to determine the deformation established and the Von Mises stresses in the disk, the contact pressure distribution in pads. The results are satisfactory compared to those found in the literature.

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Nonlinear dynamics and analysis of a four-bar linkage with clearance
Yuanguang TANG, Zongyu CHANG, Xiaogang DONG, Yafei HU, Zhenjiang YU
Front Mech Eng. 2013, 8 (2): 160-168.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11465-013-0258-6
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In this paper, nonlinear dynamic behavior of a four-bar linkage considering clearance is studied. The dynamic model of the linkage with a clearance between coupler and rocker is developed firstly. Then the dynamic equations of this mechanism are solved by a numerical method. According to the calculated response, compliance, force and trajectory of pin in joint bearing are obtained. Effects of clearance magnitude and the relationship between a mechanism with clearance and without clearance are studied. By using Poincare Map, it is proved that strange attractors or chaos exist in the dynamic response. In addition, phenomena of chaos, periodic response and subharmonic response also can be found in the special condition. Bifurcation diagram is used to suggest that bifurcation and fractal phenomena exist in the dynamic response of this mechanism.

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Exergy analysis and simulation of a 30MW cogeneration cycle
Nikhil Dev, Samsher, S. S. Kachhwaha, Rajesh Attri
Front Mech Eng. 2013, 8 (2): 169-180.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11465-013-0263-9
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Cogeneration cycle is an efficient mean to recover the waste heat from the flue gases coming out of gas turbine. With the help of computer simulation, design parameters may be selected for the best performance of cogeneration cycle. In the present work a program is executed in software EES on the basis of mathematical modelling described in paper to study cogeneration cycle performance for different parameters. Results obtained are compared with the results available in literature and are found in good agreement with them. Real gas and water properties are inbuilt in the software. Results show that enthalpy of air entering the combustion chamber is higher than that of the flue gases at combustion chamber outlet. For different operative conditions, energy and exergy efficiencies follow similar trends; although, exergy efficiency values are always lower than the corresponding energy efficiency ones. From the results it is found that turbine outlet temperature (TIT) of 524°C is uniquely suited to efficient cogeneration cycle because it enables the transfer of heat from exhaust gas to the steam cycle to take place over a minimal temperature difference. This temperature range results in the maximum thermodynamic availability while operating with highest temperature and highest efficiency cogeneration cycle. Effect of cycle pressure ratio (CR), inlet air temperature (IAT) and water pressure at heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) inlet on the 30 MW cogeneration cycle is also studied.

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A model for creep life prediction of thin tube using strain energy density as a function of stress triaxiality under quasi-static loading employing elastic-creep & elastic-plastic-creep deformation
Tahir MAHMOOD, Sangarapillai KANAPATHIPILLAI, Mahiuddin CHOWDHURY
Front Mech Eng. 2013, 8 (2): 181-186.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11465-013-0257-7
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This paper demonstrates the application of a new multiaxial creep damage model developed by authors using stress traixiality to predict the failure time of a component made of 0.5%Cr-0.5%Mo-0.25%V low alloy steel. The model employs strain energy density and assumes that the uniaxial strain energy density of a component can be easily calculated and can be converted to multi-axial strain energy density by multiplying it to a function of stress trixiality which is a ratio of mean stress to equivalent stress. For comparison, an elastic-creep and elastic-plastic-creep finite element analysis (FEA) is performed to get multi-axial strain energy density of the component which is compared with the calculated strain energy density for both cases. The verification and application of the model are demonstrated by applying it to thin tube for which the experimental data are available. The predicted failure times by the model are compared with the experimental results. The results show that the proposed model is capable of predicting failure times of the component made of the above-mentioned material with an accuracy of 4.0%.

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Prediction of cutting forces in machining of unidirectional glass fiber reinforced plastics composite
Surinder Kumar GILL, Meenu GUPTA, P. S. SATSANGI
Front Mech Eng. 2013, 8 (2): 187-200.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11465-013-0262-x
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Machining of plastic materials has become increasingly important in any engineering industry subsequently the prediction of cutting forces. Forces quality has greater influence on components, which are coming in contact with each other. So it becomes necessary to measure and study machined forces and its behavior. In this research work, experimental investigations are conducted to determine the effects of cutting conditions and tool geometry on the cutting forces in the turning of the unidirectional glass fiber reinforced plastics (UD-GFRP) composites. In this experimental study, carbide tool (K10) having different tool nose radius and tool rake angle is used. Experiments are conducted based on the established Taguchi’s technique L18 orthogonal array on a lathe machine. It is found that the depth of cut is the cutting parameter, which has greater influence on cutting forces. The effect of the tool nose radius and tool rake angles on the cutting forces are also considerably significant. Based on statistical analysis, multiple regression model for cutting forces is derived with satisfactory coefficient (R2). This model proved to be highly preferment for predicting cutting forces.

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Optimization of WEDM process of pure titanium with multiple performance characteristics using Taguchi’s DOE approach and utility concept
Rupesh CHALISGAONKAR, Jatinder KUMAR
Front Mech Eng. 2013, 8 (2): 201-214.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11465-013-0256-8
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This paper describes the development of multi response optimization technique using utility method to predict and select the optimal setting of machining parameters in wire electro-discharge machining (WEDM) process. The experimental studies in WEDM process were conducted under varying experimental conditions of process parameters, such as pulse on time(Ton), pulse off time(Toff), peak current (IP), wire feed (WF), wire tension (WT) and servo voltage (SV) using pure titanium as work material. Experiments were planned using Taguchi’s L27 orthogonal array. Multi response optimization was performed for both cutting speed (CS) and surface roughness (SR) using utility concept to find out the optimal process parameter setting. The level of significance of the machining parameters for their effect on the CS and SR was determined by using analysis of variance (ANOVA). Finally, confirmation experiment was performed to validate the effectiveness of the proposed optimal condition.

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