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Landscape Architecture Frontiers

Landsc. Archit. Front.    2020, Vol. 8 Issue (4) : 42-59     https://doi.org/10.15302/J-LAF-1-020034
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SPACE SYNTAX AS A TOOL TO MEASURE SAFETY IN SMALL URBAN PARKS—A CASE STUDY OF ROD EL FARAG PARK IN CAIRO, EGYPT
Noha Ahmed Abd El AZIZ()
PhD and Associate Professor at Urban Design Department, Faculty of Urban and Regional Planning, Cairo University
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Abstract

Decoding the relationship between crime and place has been the focus of researchers in both design and social fields for a few decades. Space syntax theory offers the possibility of examining the configuration characteristics of the environment and their potential influences on people’s activities and crime patterns; however, its implementation in landscape architecture has been limited. This study responds to such a gap by exploring the effectiveness of applying space syntax theory to predict safety levels in a park in Cairo, Egypt. depthmapX was used to analyze the spatial configuration of the park. Crime records from 2019 were collected through site observation and staff interviews, and analyzed using ArcGIS 10.3 software. Results indicated a strong correlation between space depth / integration / connectivity and crime pattern distribution. The park visibility graphs indicated the different impacts of vegetation (evergreen tree / deciduous trees) in summer and winter on visual connectivity and crime types. The research concluded that applying space syntax theory to landscape architecture is challenging; nevertheless, it represents a promising approach to predict committing crimes in urban parks, and the findings can be adopted to enhance park conceptual designs to achieve higher safety level.

Keywords CPTED      Space Syntax      Cairo’s Parks      Safe Parks      depthmapX      Environmental Design     
Corresponding Author(s): Noha Ahmed Abd El AZIZ   
Issue Date: 12 October 2020
 Cite this article:   
Noha Ahmed Abd El AZIZ. SPACE SYNTAX AS A TOOL TO MEASURE SAFETY IN SMALL URBAN PARKS—A CASE STUDY OF ROD EL FARAG PARK IN CAIRO, EGYPT[J]. Landsc. Archit. Front., 2020, 8(4): 42-59.
 URL:  
https://journal.hep.com.cn/laf/EN/10.15302/J-LAF-1-020034
https://journal.hep.com.cn/laf/EN/Y2020/V8/I4/42
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