Traditional on-site fault diagnosis means cannot meet the needs of large rotating machinery for its performance and complexity. Remote monitoring and diagnosis technology is a new fault diagnosis mode combining computer technology, communication technology, and fault diagnosis technology. The designed remote monitoring and diagnosis and prediction system for large rotating machinery integrates the distributed resources in different places and breaks through shortcomings as the offline and decentralized information. The system can make further implementation of equipment prediction technology research based on condition monitoring and fault diagnosis, provide on-site analysis results, and carry out online actual verification of the results. The system monitors real-time condition of the equipment and achieves early fault prediction with great significance to guarantee safe operation, saves maintenance costs, and improves utilization and management of the equipment.
Trend prediction technology is the key technology to achieve condition-based maintenance of mechanical equipment. Large-sized water injection units are key equipment in oilfields. The traditional preventive maintenance is not economical and cannot completely avoid vicious accidents. To ensure the normal operation of units and save maintenance costs, trend prediction technology is studied to achieve condition-based maintenance for water injection units. The main methods of the technology are given, the trend prediction method based on neural network is put forward, and the expert system based on the knowledge is developed. The industrial site verification shows that the proposed trend prediction technology can reflect the operating condition trend change of the water injection units and provide technical means to achieve condition-based predictive maintenance.