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Frontiers of Chemical Science and Engineering

Front. Chem. Sci. Eng.    2020, Vol. 14 Issue (6) : 1018-1028
Ion-imprinted silica gel and its dynamic membrane for nickel ion removal from wastewaters
Jiehui Zeng, Jianxian Zeng(), Hu Zhou, Guoqing Liu, Zhengqiu Yuan, Jian Jian
School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hunan University of Science and Technology, Xiangtan 411201, China
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An ion-imprinted sorbent (IIP) was prepared by using Ni2+ as template, 3-[2-(2-aminoethylamino) ethylamino] propyl-trimethoxysilane as functional monomer, and silica gel as carrier. The adsorption performance of IIP towards Ni2+ was investigated. IIP showed a higher adsorption capacity than that of non-imprinted sorbent, and it also exhibited high selectivity for Ni2+ in the presence of Cu2+ and Zn2+ ions. Then, IIP was used to form a dynamic membrane onto the surface of ceramic membrane for treatment of electroplating wastewater containing Ni2+. Compared with ceramic membrane, IIP dynamic membrane had much higher steady membrane flux, and also rejected Ni2+ to obtain a lower concentration of Ni2+ in the permeate fluid. Perhaps it is suitable for future practice applications.

Keywords ion-imprinted      nickel ion      dynamic membrane      adsorption     
Corresponding Author(s): Jianxian Zeng   
Online First Date: 13 March 2020    Issue Date: 11 September 2020
 Cite this article:   
Jiehui Zeng,Jianxian Zeng,Hu Zhou, et al. Ion-imprinted silica gel and its dynamic membrane for nickel ion removal from wastewaters[J]. Front. Chem. Sci. Eng., 2020, 14(6): 1018-1028.
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Jiehui Zeng
Jianxian Zeng
Hu Zhou
Guoqing Liu
Zhengqiu Yuan
Jian Jian
Fig.1  Schematic diagram of preparation process of IIP.
Fig.2  Effects of (a) the order of adding template ions, (b) reaction time and (c) reaction temperature on adsorption capacities.
Fig.3  FTIR spectra of (a) silica gel, (b) NIP and (c) IIP.
Fig.4  TGA of (a) silica gel, (b) NIP and (c) IIP.
Fig.5  Effect of initial concentration of Ni2+ on adsorption capacities of IIP and NIP (sorbent mass, 0.1 g; pH, 6; temperature, 25°C).
pH 2 3 4 5 6 7
Sorption capacity /(mg·g1) 2.49 6.55 11.86 13.72 14.93 14.92
Tab.1  Effect of pH on adsorption capacity of IIP towards Ni2+ *
Fig.6  Competitive adsorption of metal ions on IIP and NIP from the mixed solutions containing Ni2+, Cu2+ and Zn2+ ions (sorbent mass, 0.1 g; initial concentrations of Ni2+, Cu2+ and Zn2+ ions all were 100 mg·L1; pH, 6; temperature, 25°C).
Metal ions IIP NIP a
D a D a
Ni2+ 163.13 ? 25.21 ? ?
Cu2+ 26.54 6.15 24.26 1.04 5.91
Zn2+ 22.24 7.33 21.18 1.19 6.16
Tab.2  The selectivity parameters of IIP and NIP *
Reusable times 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Adsorption capacity /(mg?g?1) 14.93 14.91 14.89 14.77 14.56 14.34 14.12 14.01 13.98 13.56
Tab.3  The reusability performance of IIP *
Fig.7  (a) Schematic diagrams of ceramic membrane filtration and (b) IIP dynamic membrane filtration for an electroplating wastewater by cross-flow mode.
Fig.8  Formation of IIP dynamic membranes under different transmembrane pressures (cross-flow velocity, 1.0 m·s1; IIP suspension concentration, 1.0 g·L1; temperature, 25°C).
Fig.9  Surface SEM images of (a) ceramic membrane, (b) IIP dynamic membrane, and (c) filtrated IIP dynamic membrane.
Fig.10  Comparison of membrane flux with ceramic membrane, IIP and NIP dynamic membranes by using the electroplating wastewater as the feed solution (pH, 9; temperature, 25°C; transmembrane pressure, 0.10 MPa; cross-flow velocity, 1.0 m·s1; free nickel ion concentration in the feed, 13.26 mg·L1; feed volume, 20 L).
Fig.11  Different rejection abilities for Ni2+ with the ceramic membrane, IIP and NIP dynamic membranes by using the electroplating wastewater as the feed solution (pH, 9; temperature, 25°C; transmembrane pressure, 0.10 MPa; cross-flow velocity, 1.0 m?s1; free nickel ion concentration in the feed, 13.26 mg·L1; feed volume, 20 L).
Fig.12  The regeneration performance of IIP dynamic membrane (pH, 9; temperature, 25°C; transmembrane pressure, 0.10 MPa; cross-flow velocity, 1.0 m·s1; free nickel ion concentration in the feed, 13.26 mg·L1).
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