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Frontiers of Agricultural Science and Engineering

Front. Agr. Sci. Eng.    2014, Vol. 1 Issue (1) : 16-20
Initiation of Setaria as a model plant
Xianmin DIAO1,*(),James SCHNABLE1,Jeffrey L. BENNETZEN2,Jiayang LI3,*()
1. Institute of Crop Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
2. Departments of Genetics, University of Georgia, Athens, GA30602, USA and Germplasm Bank of Wild Species in Southwestern China, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650000, China
3. Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
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Model organisms such as Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) and rice (Oryza sativa) have proven essential for efficient scientific discovery and development of new methods. With the diversity of plant lineages, some important processes such as C4 photosynthesis are not found in either Arabidopsis or rice, so new model species are needed. Due to their small diploid genomes, short life cycles, self-pollination, small adult statures and prolific seed production, domesticated foxtail millet (Setaria italica) and its wild ancestor, green foxtail (S. viridis), have recently been proposed as novel model species for functional genomics of the Panicoideae, especially for study of C4 photosynthesis. This review outlines the development of these species as model organisms, and discusses current challenges and future potential of a Setaria model.

Keywords Setaria      foxtail millet      C4 photosynthesis      model organism     
Corresponding Author(s): Xianmin DIAO   
Issue Date: 22 May 2014
 Cite this article:   
Xianmin DIAO,James SCHNABLE,Jeffrey L. BENNETZEN, et al. Initiation of Setaria as a model plant[J]. Front. Agr. Sci. Eng. , 2014, 1(1): 16-20.
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Xianmin DIAO
Jiayang LI
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