Background: Increasing evidences indicate that microRNAs (miRNAs) are functionally related to the development and progression of various human diseases. Inferring disease-related miRNAs can be helpful in promoting disease biomarker detection for the treatment, diagnosis, and prevention of complex diseases.
Methods: To improve the prediction accuracy of miRNA-disease association and capture more potential disease-related miRNAs, we constructed a precise miRNA global similarity network (MSFSN) via calculating the miRNA similarity based on secondary structures, families, and functions.
Results: We tested the network on the classical algorithms: WBSMDA and RWRMDA through the method of leave-one-out cross-validation. Eventually, AUCs of 0.8212 and 0.9657 are obtained, respectively. Also, the proposed MSFSN is applied to three cancers for breast neoplasms, hepatocellular carcinoma, and prostate neoplasms. Consequently, 82%, 76%, and 82% of the top 50 potential miRNAs for these diseases are respectively validated by the miRNA-disease associations database miR2Disease and oncomiRDB.
Conclusion: Therefore, MSFSN provides a novel miRNA similarity network combining precise function network with global structure network of miRNAs to predict the associations between miRNAs and diseases in various models.