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Frontiers of Optoelectronics

Front. Optoelectron.    2019, Vol. 12 Issue (3) : 286-295     https://doi.org/10.1007/s12200-019-0864-y
RESEARCH ARTICLE
Nano-film aluminum-gold for ultra-high dynamic-range surface plasmon resonance chemical sensor
Briliant Adhi PRABOWO1,2,3(), I Dewa Putu HERMIDA1, Robeth Viktoria MANURUNG1, Agnes PURWIDYANTRI3,4, Kou-Chen LIU2,3,5,6()
1. Research Center for Electronics and Telecommunications, Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Bandung 40135, Indonesia
2. Department of Electronics Engineering, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan 33302, Taiwan, China
3. Biosensor Group, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan 33302, Taiwan, China
4. Research Unit for Clean Technology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Bandung 40135, Indonesia
5. Division of Pediatric Infectious Disease, Department of Pediatrics, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan 33305, Taiwan, China
6. Department of Materials Engineering, Ming Chi University of Technology, New Taipei City 24301, Taiwan, China
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Abstract

An analytical and experimental study of nano-film aluminum (Al) for ultra-high dynamic range surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensor is presented in this article. A thin film of 16 nm Al is proposed for metallic sensing layer for SPR sensor. For the protective layer, a 10 nm of gold (Au) layer was configured on top of Al as a protection layer. This ultra-high dynamic range of SPR biosensor reached the bulk refractive index sample limit up to 1.45 RIU. For the analytical study, with the assumption of anisotropic refractive indices experiment, the dynamic range showed a refractive index value of around 1.58 RIU. The refractive index value limit achieved by the proposed sensing design is potentially implemented in various applications, such as in chemical detection and environmental monitoring study with high refractive index solution sample. The experimental results are presented as a proof-of-concept of the proposed idea.

Keywords dynamic range      surface plasmon resonance (SPR)      sensor      aluminum (Al)      gold     
Corresponding Authors: Briliant Adhi PRABOWO,Kou-Chen LIU   
Just Accepted Date: 31 January 2019   Online First Date: 01 April 2019    Issue Date: 16 September 2019
 Cite this article:   
Briliant Adhi PRABOWO,I Dewa Putu HERMIDA,Robeth Viktoria MANURUNG, et al. Nano-film aluminum-gold for ultra-high dynamic-range surface plasmon resonance chemical sensor[J]. Front. Optoelectron., 2019, 12(3): 286-295.
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http://journal.hep.com.cn/foe/EN/10.1007/s12200-019-0864-y
http://journal.hep.com.cn/foe/EN/Y2019/V12/I3/286
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Briliant Adhi PRABOWO
I Dewa Putu HERMIDA
Robeth Viktoria MANURUNG
Agnes PURWIDYANTRI
Kou-Chen LIU
Fig.1  SPR sensor setup using a half cylindrical Kretschmann prism. An Al sensing layer protected by thin Au film was configured for a metal sensing structure of the SPR sensor
Fig.2  (a) SPR reflectivity profile of monolayer Au, Ag, and Al, coupling by BK7 prism and water for the dielectric medium; (b) calculated penetration depth of evanescent wave inside the medium by several metals around the visible range. The dashed line is the 600 nm of wavelength penetration depth in this study. Inset is the evanescent wave profile representing the penetration depth from the interface of a metal and dielectric medium
Fig.3  Optimization of (a) Al thickness (unit in nm) covered by 10 nm of Au, and (b) Au protection layer thickness with 16 nm of Al sensing layer. Inset shows the minimum point of the reflectivity profile of each Au thickness
Fig.4  Proposed metallic sensing layer response to the samples with various refractive index values. (a) Reflectivity dip shifting; (b) detection response and its range of the proposed sensing layers compared to other sensing structures
Fig.5  Detection response and its theoretical range of the anisotropic refractive index sample measurement compared to the bulk refractive index samples
No. technical remarks dynamic range limita) Ref.
1 fiber-optic-based SPR sensor up to 1.4018 RIU
(correspond to 6.98 × 102 RIU)
[54]
2 long range SPR sensor 8 × 103 RIU [55]
3 two channels fiber-optic-based SPR sensor up to 1.385 TIU
(correspond to 5.3 × 102 RIU)
[56]
4 multi-channel SPR sensor based on single-mode and multimode optical fiber up to 1.385 RIU
(correspond to 5.3 × 102 RIU)
[57]
5 reflective-distributed SPR sensor based on twin-core optical fiber up to 1.385 RIU
(correspond to 5.3 × 102 RIU)
[58]
6 distributed fiber SPR sensor up to 1.385 RIU
(correspond to 5.3 × 102 RIU)
[59]
7 wavelength interrogation, SPR imaging 4.63 × 102 RIU [60]
8 SPR sensor based on injection-molded prism 0.1 RIU [61]
9 SPR sensor based on phase interrogation 0.5 RIU [62]
10 aluminum gold sensing on Kretschmann up to 1.45 RIU
(corresponded to 11.8 × 102 RIU)
this work
Tab.1  Summary of dynamic range performance from related SPR sensor development
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