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Frontiers of Optoelectronics

Front. Optoelectron.    2019, Vol. 12 Issue (2) : 157-164     https://doi.org/10.1007/s12200-018-0843-8
RESEARCH ARTICLE
Single polarization photonic crystal fiber filter based on surface plasmon resonance
Md. Nazmul HOSSEN1, Md. FERDOUS1, Kawsar AHMED1,2(), Md. Abdul KHALEK1, Sujan CHAKMA1, Bikash Kumar PAUL2,3
1. Department of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University (MBSTU), Santosh, Tangail 1902, Bangladesh
2. Group of Biophotomatiχ, Santosh, Tangail 1902, Bangladesh
3. Department of Software Engineering (SWE), Daffodil International University, Shukrabad, Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh
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Abstract

In this paper, we propose a photonic crystal fiber (PCF) polarization filter based on surface plasmon resonance (SPR) characteristics. Gold nanowire is used as the active plasmonic material. Light into silica core becomes coupled to gold nanowire stimulating SPR. It splits light into two orthogonal (x-polarization and y-polarization) polarization in the second order of surface plasmon polarization. Numerical investigations of the proposed PCF filter is finite element method (FEM). By tuning the diameter of gold nanowire and shifting their position, the performance of the proposed PCF filter is inspected rigorously. Filtering of any polarization can be obtained by properly placing the metal wires. The maximum confinement loss of x-polarization is 692.25 dB/cm and y-polarization is 1.13 dB/cm offers at resonance position 1.42 µm. Such a confinement loss difference between two orthogonal polarizations makes PCF a talented candidate to filter devices. Consequently, the recommended PCF structure is useful for polarization device.

Keywords photonic crystal fiber (PCF)      surface plasmon resonance (SPR)      perfectly match layer      polarization filter     
Corresponding Author(s): Kawsar AHMED   
Just Accepted Date: 13 August 2018   Online First Date: 23 October 2018    Issue Date: 03 July 2019
 Cite this article:   
Md. Nazmul HOSSEN,Md. FERDOUS,Kawsar AHMED, et al. Single polarization photonic crystal fiber filter based on surface plasmon resonance[J]. Front. Optoelectron., 2019, 12(2): 157-164.
 URL:  
http://journal.hep.com.cn/foe/EN/10.1007/s12200-018-0843-8
http://journal.hep.com.cn/foe/EN/Y2019/V12/I2/157
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Md. Nazmul HOSSEN
Md. FERDOUS
Kawsar AHMED
Md. Abdul KHALEK
Sujan CHAKMA
Bikash Kumar PAUL
Fig.1  Model of the proposed PCF coated with gold
Fig.2  Dispersion of electric field. (a) Coupled mode between the core mode and second order SPP mode; (b) x-polarization of SPP mode; (c) x-polarization of core mode; (d) y-polarization of core mode at resonance position 1.42
Fig.3  (a) Loss and dispersion of the designed PCF with the parameter d=0.9 µm, d1=1.1 µm, d2=0.7 µm, d3=0.5 µm, and dg=20 nm at the wavelength of 1.42 µm. (b) Loss curve when coupling occurs between core mode and SPP mode with the parameter d=1.1 µm, d1=0.9 µm, d2=0.7 µm, d3=0.5 µm, and dg=20 nm at the wavelength of 1.42 µm
Fig.4  (a) Loss of proposed PCF with the variation of wavelength and different thickness of gold layer dg=15, 20, 25 nm. (b) Refractive index dispersion as a function of wavelength with dg=15, 20, 25 nm
Fig.5  (a) Loss of proposed PCF dependent on wavelength with different thickness of d1=1.0, 0.9, 0.8 µm and parameter d=1.1 µm, d2=0.7 µm, d3=0.5 µm, and dg=20 nm. (b) Dispersion of refractive index with the variation of wavelength and different diameter of d1=1.0, 0.9 µm, 0.8 µm
Fig.6  (a) Optimization loss of the designed PCF with wavelength at d3=0.5, 0.0 µm (absent). (b) Dispersion with the variation of wavelength with d3=0.5, 0.0 µm (absent)
Fig.7  Crosstalk of the proposed PCF when the fiber length of 0.5, 1.0, 1.5 mm with parameters d=1.1 µm, d1=0.9 µm, d2=0.7 µm, d3=0.5 µm, and dg=20 nm
PCF filter bandwidth /nm resonance wavelength resonance strength(dB·cm−1) extinction (L=1 nm)/dB structural diagram
Ref. [26] 20 1.31 µm (y-pol) 508.00
Ref. [27] 88 1.31 µm (y-pol) 244.90 208
Ref. [28] 60 1.31 µm (y-pol) 231.60 240
Ref. [29] 750 1.48 µm (y-pol) 417.21 38
our works 830 1.42 µm (x-pol) 692.25 253
Tab.1  Comparison with SPR based proposed PCF filter with previously published filters
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