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Frontiers of Optoelectronics

Front. Optoelectron.    2017, Vol. 10 Issue (2) : 103-110     DOI: 10.1007/s12200-017-0716-6
RESEARCH ARTICLE |
Hole-transporting layer-free inverted planar mixed lead-tin perovskite-based solar cells
Yuqin LIAO1,2,3, Xianyuan JIANG2,3, Wenjia ZHOU2, Zhifang SHI2,3, Binghan LI2,3, Qixi MI2, Zhijun NING2()
1. Shanghai Institute of Microsystem and Information Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050, China
2. School of Physical Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai 201210, China
3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
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Abstract

Mixed lead-tin (Pb-Sn) perovskites present a promising strategy to extend the light-harvesting range of perovskite-based solar cells (PSCs). The use of electron-transporting layer or hole-transporting layer (HTL) is critical to achieve high device efficiency. This strategy, however, requires tedious layer-by-layer fabrication as well as high-temperature annealing for certain oxides. In this work, we fabricated HTL-free planar FAPb0.5Sn0.5I3 PSCs with the highest efficiency of 7.94%. High short-circuit current density of 23.13 mA/cm2 was attained, indicating effective charge extraction at the ITO/FAPb0.5Sn0.5I3 interface. This finding provides an alternative strategy to simplify the manufacture of single-junction or tandem PSCs.

Keywords solar cell      perovskite      hole-transporting layer (HTL)      interface engineering     
Corresponding Authors: Zhijun NING   
Just Accepted Date: 26 April 2017   Online First Date: 09 June 2017    Issue Date: 05 July 2017
 Cite this article:   
Yuqin LIAO,Xianyuan JIANG,Wenjia ZHOU, et al. Hole-transporting layer-free inverted planar mixed lead-tin perovskite-based solar cells[J]. Front. Optoelectron., 2017, 10(2): 103-110.
 URL:  
http://journal.hep.com.cn/foe/EN/10.1007/s12200-017-0716-6
http://journal.hep.com.cn/foe/EN/Y2017/V10/I2/103
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Yuqin LIAO
Xianyuan JIANG
Wenjia ZHOU
Zhifang SHI
Binghan LI
Qixi MI
Zhijun NING
FAPb1−xSnxI300.250.500.751.00
band gap from absorption/eV1.4901.3101.270
band gap from PL/eV1.5071.3551.2861.2821.400
Tab.1  Band gaps for Pb-Sn perovskite alloys calculated from absorption edge and PL peak, respectively
Fig.1  Optical and structural characterization of FAPb1−xSnxI3. (a) Absorption spectra; (b) photoluminescence spectra; and (c) X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns of FAPb1−xSnxI3 films with different Sn ratios; “#” indicates the diffraction peaks of ITO
Fig.2  Photovoltaic structure and performance of HTL-free devices based on FAPb0.5Sn0.5I3 films. (a) Schematics of the device architecture; (b) SEM cross-sectional image; (c) energy band diagram; (d) J-V characteristics; (e) EQE spectrum and integrated Jsc of the highest performance of HTL-free PSC
Fig.3  Characterizations of FAPb0.5Sn0.5I3 films on different substrates. (a) XRD patterns (“#” indicates the diffraction peaks of ITO); (b) PL spectra; and (c) SEM images of the perovskite film on ITO and NiOx
Fig.4  Morphology of perovskite films with varying molar concentration of SnF2. SEM images of FAPb0.5Sn0.5I3 films on ITO with (a) 0 mol%, (b) 5 mol% , (c) 10 mol%, (d) 15 mol%, and (e) 20 mol% of SnF2; and (f) calculation of the average grain size for perovskites
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