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Frontiers of Optoelectronics

Front Optoelec    2013, Vol. 6 Issue (4) : 373-385     DOI: 10.1007/s12200-013-0347-5
REVIEW ARTICLE |
Recent developments in sensitizers for mesoporous sensitized solar cells
Kun CAO, Mingkui WANG()
Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China
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Abstract

Sensitizers have proven to be extremely important in determining the performance of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs). The design and understanding of sensitizers, especially D-π-A structured porphyrins, has become a recent focus of DSC research. In this perspective article, advances in the conception and performance of various sensitizers including ruthenium complexes, organic dyes and porphyrins are reviewed with respect to their structure and charge transfer dynamics at the dye-sensitized mesopours heterojunction interface. In particular, the discussion focuses on the trends that perovskite would be the most effective and most likely to be used in DSCs combining with innovative hole transporting materials.

Keywords solar cells      sensitizer      ruthenium complex      porphyrin      organic dye     
Corresponding Authors: WANG Mingkui,Email:mingkui.wang@mail.hust.edu.cn   
Issue Date: 05 December 2013
 Cite this article:   
Kun CAO,Mingkui WANG. Recent developments in sensitizers for mesoporous sensitized solar cells[J]. Front Optoelec, 2013, 6(4): 373-385.
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http://journal.hep.com.cn/foe/EN/10.1007/s12200-013-0347-5
http://journal.hep.com.cn/foe/EN/Y2013/V6/I4/373
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Fig.1  Schematic structure of dye sensitized solar cell
Fig.2  Molecular structures of N3 dye and derivatives with various ancillary ligands
sensitizersλmax/nm(?/104 M-1?cm-1)Jsc/(mA·cm-2)Voc/VFFPCE/%reference
N3534(1.42)a)18.20.720.7310.0[4]
Z907Na526(1.16)a)12.50.730.676.1[5]
K19543(1.82)b)14.60.710.677.0[6]
K77546(1.94)c)19.20.780.7210.5[7]
C101547(1.75)c)18.60.740.7510.5[8]
CYC-B1553(2.12)c)23.90.650.558.5[9]
CYC-B11554(2.42)c)20.10.740.7711.5[10]
C106550(1.87)c)19.20.780.7611.3[11]
Ru-TPA-NCS526(2.45)e)4.40.770.341.5[12]
Ru-TPD-NCS540(2.67)e)9.60.760.353.4[12]
IJ-1536(1.91)c)17.60.80.7310.3[13]
Ru-TPA-EO-NCS524(3.09)e)18.36820.729.02[14]
YE05560(-)c)17.00.80.7410.1[15]
TFRS-4501(2.2)c)18.70.750.7310.2[16]
TFRS-63581(1.9)c)17.40.740.759.6[17]
YD2644(3.12)a)18.60.770.7611[18]
LD4672(49.8)f)19.60.710.7210.1[19]
LD14667(49.8)f)20.40.710.6910.1[20]
LD16671(58.6)f)20.60.710.7010.2[21]
YD2-O-C8/Y123—(-)17.70.940.7412.3[22]
BT-I470(4.07)d)15.70.780.617.51[23]
BT-III433(3.65)d)12.50.790.616.01[23]
C219493(5.75)c)17.90.770.7310.1[24]
JK-113490(8.5)c)17.60.710.729.1[25]
D205532(-)c)18.60.720.729.52[26]
WS-9536(2.08)d)18.00.700.729.04[27]
T1—(-)7.990.820.765.0[28]
T3—(-)13.00.840.748.0[28]
C220—(-)14.80.930.7310.1[29]
(CH3NH3)PbI3—(-)17.00.890.629.7[30]
Tab.1  Comparison of devices with various sensitizers compositions
Fig.3  Molecular structures of ruthenium sensitizers with strong electron-donor groups and thiocyanate-free compounds
Fig.4  Molecular structures of zinc porphyrin sensitizers
Fig.5  Molecular structures of metal free organic sensitizers
Fig.6  Schematic representations of single-layer ( = 1)<100>-oriented perovskites with (a) monoammonium (R-N3) or (b) diammonium (NH-R-NH) organic cations
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