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Frontiers of Optoelectronics

Front Optoelec    2013, Vol. 6 Issue (4) : 359-372     DOI: 10.1007/s12200-013-0346-6
REVIEW ARTICLE |
Monolithic all-solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells
Yaoguang RONG1, Guanghui LIU1, Heng WANG1, Xiong LI1,2, Hongwei HAN1()
1. Michael Gr?tzel Center for Mesoscopic Solar Cells, Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics, School of Optical and Electronic Information, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China; 2. College of Materials Science and Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China
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Abstract

As a low-cost photovoltaic technology, dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) has attracted widespread attention in the past decade. During its development to commercial application, decreasing the production cost and increasing the device stability take the most importance. Compared with conventional sandwich structure liquid-state DSSCs, monolithic all-solid-state mesoscopic solar cells based on mesoscopic carbon counter electrodes and solid-state electrolytes present much lower production cost and provide a prospect of long-term stability. This review presents the recent progress of materials and achievement for all-solid-state DSSCs. In particular, representative examples are highlighted with the results of our monolithic all-solid-state mesoscopic solar cell devices and modules.

Keywords photovoltaic (PV) technology      monolithic      dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs)      all-solid-state      mesoscopic      carbon counter electrode     
Corresponding Authors: HAN Hongwei,Email:hongwei.han@mail.hust.edu.cn   
Issue Date: 05 December 2013
 Cite this article:   
Yaoguang RONG,Guanghui LIU,Heng WANG, et al. Monolithic all-solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells[J]. Front Optoelec, 2013, 6(4): 359-372.
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http://journal.hep.com.cn/foe/EN/10.1007/s12200-013-0346-6
http://journal.hep.com.cn/foe/EN/Y2013/V6/I4/359
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Yaoguang RONG
Guanghui LIU
Heng WANG
Xiong LI
Hongwei HAN
Fig.1  DSSC schematic and operation
Fig.2  Structure of typical monolithic liquid-state DSSC
Fig.3  Structure of typical monolithic all-solid-state DSSC
Fig.4  Structure of typical monolithic all-solid-state DSSC based on mesoscopic carbon CE []
Fig.5  SEM images of mesoscopic carbon film modified with platinum (a) 0.5 wt. % and (b) 3wt. % []
Fig.6  CV data of carbon electrode containing different amount of platinum particles []
Fig.7  Calculations of diffusion-limited short circuit current in DSSC in standard cell con?guration, which is a photoelectrode consisting of 10 μm TiO active layer and 7 μm ZrO back-scattering layer and a platinized CE, as a function of the electrode distance. Noti?cation: “void” corresponds to the situation without ZrO layer. The circles indicate equal current density. The calculations for a low viscous electrolyte which is diluted with highly volatile acetonitrile are given as a reference. A cell temperature of 25C is assumed, the concentration of is 0.5 mol?L in the case of the PMII (propylmethylimidazolium) molten salt electrolyte and 0.05 mol?L for the reference electrolyte []
Fig.8  Left: WDS mapping of the cross section of monolithic DSSC in?ltrated with nanocomposite polymer electrolyte. Right: relative intensity of the Ti and C level across selected region of the device []
Fig.9  Electrochemical impedance spectra (EIS) of P3HT-based monolithic DSSCs with different CEs: graphite CE (circle), graphite and carbon black CE (square) []
Fig.10  Continuous process for fabrication of monolithic series connected DSSC modules []
Fig.11  (a) Monolithic DSSC module (30 cm × 30 cm) consisting 35 inter-series connected unit cells; (b) monolithic DSSC module consisting 4 parallel-connected unit cells (3.38 cm) []
Fig.12  (a) Monolithic all-solid-state DSSC module fabricated by experiment procedures that could drive an electric fan; (b) four panels consisting 80 monolithic all-solid-state DSSC modules fabricated by semi-auto process that could drive a LED display
Fig.13  Monolithic multicell with several individual cells []
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