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Frontiers of Chemical Science and Engineering

Front. Chem. Sci. Eng.    2019, Vol. 13 Issue (3) : 493-500     https://doi.org/10.1007/s11705-019-1826-z
RESEARCH ARTICLE
Two-dimensional SnS2 nanosheets on Prussian blue template for high performance sodium ion batteries
Glenn J. Sim1,2, Kakui Ma1, Zhixiang Huang1, Shaozhuan Huang1, Ye Wang1,3, Huiying Yang1()
1. Pillar of Engineering Product Development, Singapore University of Technology and Design, Singapore 487372, Singapore
2. Airbus Group Innovations Singapore, Singapore 797562, Singapore
3. Key Laboratory of Materials Physics of Ministry of Education, Department of Physics and Engineering, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, China
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Abstract

Three-dimensional Prussian blue (PB) nanostructures was obtained via a one-step hydrothermal method. Subsequently, two-dimensional tin disulfide (SnS2) nanosheets were grown onto PB through a facile hydrothermal synthesis. The as prepared SnS2/PB is further employed as the anode of sodium ion batteries (SIBs). SnS2/PB nanoarchitecture delivers a specific capacity of 725.7 mAh∙g−1 at 50 mA∙g−1. When put through more than 200 cycles, it achieved a stable cycling capacity of 400 mAh∙g−1 at 200 mA∙g−1. The stable Na+ storage properties of SnS2/PB was attributed to the synergistic effect among the conductive PB carbon, used as the template in this work. These results obtained potentially paves the way for the development of excellent electrochemical performance with stable performance of SIBs.

Keywords Prussian blue      carbon nanocubes      tin disulfide      sodium ion batteries     
Corresponding Authors: Huiying Yang   
Just Accepted Date: 29 April 2019   Online First Date: 06 June 2019    Issue Date: 22 August 2019
 Cite this article:   
Glenn J. Sim,Kakui Ma,Zhixiang Huang, et al. Two-dimensional SnS2 nanosheets on Prussian blue template for high performance sodium ion batteries[J]. Front. Chem. Sci. Eng., 2019, 13(3): 493-500.
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http://journal.hep.com.cn/fcse/EN/10.1007/s11705-019-1826-z
http://journal.hep.com.cn/fcse/EN/Y2019/V13/I3/493
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Glenn J. Sim
Kakui Ma
Zhixiang Huang
Shaozhuan Huang
Ye Wang
Huiying Yang
Fig.1  (a) Illustration of the growth process of PB and (b) SnS2/PB via hydrothermal method. Low and high (inset) magnification of SEM images of (c) PB and (d) SnS2/PB
Fig.2  HRTEM images of (a) low magnification of SnS2/PB, (b) high magnification of SnS2/PB showing (c) low magnification of SnS2/PB, and (d) enlarged regions of SnS2/PB showing lattice of SnS2 in the 002 plane
Fig.3  Cyclic voltammograms of (a) SnS2/PB electrode and (b) PB electrode at a rate of 0.05 mV?s−1 in a potential range of 0.01 to 3.0 V. Galvanostatic discharge and charge curves of (c) SnS2/PB and (d) PB electrodes in the potential range of 0.01 to 3.0 V
Fig.4  (a) Rate capability of SnS2/PB and PB electrodes; (b) long cycling performance of SnS2/PB and PB electrodes at a current density of 500 mA?g−1, and the corresponding coulombic efficiency of SnS2/PB electrode. The first 5 cycles were cycled at current density of 50 mA?g–1 for activation of the cell
Fig.5  Nyquist impedance spectra of SnS2/PB and PB electrodes. (a) In the full range of Z ' from 0 to 2000 Ω; (b) enlarged in the region of –Z '' from 0 to 800 Ω, with the inset showing the model of the EIS circuit
Sample Rs Rf Rct
SnS2/PB 3.8 598.2 98.0
PB 4.6 410.8 157.0
Tab.1  Fitting results of the EIS spectra using the equivalent circuit shown in Fig. 4(b)
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