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Frontiers of Structural and Civil Engineering

Front. Struct. Civ. Eng.    2020, Vol. 14 Issue (3) : 792-801     https://doi.org/10.1007/s11709-020-0629-0
RESEARCH ARTICLE
The effects of mismatch fracture properties in encapsulation-based self-healing concrete using cohesive-zone model
Luthfi Muhammad MAULUDIN1,2, Chahmi OUCIF1, Timon RABCZUK3,4()
1. Institute of Structural Mechanics, Bauhaus University of Weimar, Weimar 99423, Germany
2. Department of Civil Engineering, Politeknik Negeri Bandung (POLBAN), Bandung 40012, Indonesia
3. Division of Computational Mechanics, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
4. Faculty of Civil Engineering,Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
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Abstract

Finite element analysis is developed to simulate the breakage of capsule in capsule-based self-healing concrete. A 2D circular capsule with different core-shell thickness ratios embedded in the mortar matrix is analyzed numerically along with their interfacial transition zone. Zero-thickness cohesive elements are pre-inserted into solid elements to represent potential cracks. This study focuses on the effects of mismatch fracture properties, namely fracture strength and energy, between capsule and mortar matrix into the breakage likelihood of the capsule. The extensive simulations of 2D specimens under uniaxial tension were carried out to investigate the key features on the fracture patterns of the capsule and produce the fracture maps as the results. The developed fracture maps of capsules present a simple but valuable tool to assist the experimentalists in designing appropriate capsule materials for self-healing concrete.

Keywords self-healing concrete      interfacial zone      capsule materials      cohesive elements      fracture maps     
Corresponding Author(s): Timon RABCZUK   
Just Accepted Date: 13 May 2020   Online First Date: 17 June 2020    Issue Date: 13 July 2020
 Cite this article:   
Luthfi Muhammad MAULUDIN,Chahmi OUCIF,Timon RABCZUK. The effects of mismatch fracture properties in encapsulation-based self-healing concrete using cohesive-zone model[J]. Front. Struct. Civ. Eng., 2020, 14(3): 792-801.
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http://journal.hep.com.cn/fsce/EN/10.1007/s11709-020-0629-0
http://journal.hep.com.cn/fsce/EN/Y2020/V14/I3/792
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Luthfi Muhammad MAULUDIN
Chahmi OUCIF
Timon RABCZUK
Fig.1  Geometry of the model, loadings, and boundary conditions.
Fig.2  Traction-separation law for cohesive elements.
Fig.3  Mesh discretization of the model. (a) Initial mesh; (b) inserted cohesive elements around the model.
parameter value
elastic modulus (Ec/Em = 2, 1, 1/7) nm = 0.2
fracture strength (0.1<tc/tm<10) nc = 0.3
fracture toughness (0.01<Gc/Gm<50)
Tab.1  Ratio of material properties used in this simulation
Fig.4  Failure path of an incoming crack through capsule based on mismatch in elastic and fracture properties. (a) Ec/Em=2, tc/tm= 0.5, Gc/Gm=1.5; (b) Ec/Em=1, tc/tm= 0.5, Gc/Gm=1; (c) Ec/Em=1, tc/tm= 1.5, Gc/Gm=2; (d) Ec/Em=1/7, tc/tm= 1, Gc/Gm=0.5; (e) Ec/Em=2, tc/tm= 2, Gc/Gm=0.02; (f) Ec/Em=1/7, tc/tm=3, Gc/Gm=1.5.
Fig.5  Effect of mismatch in elastic properties on fractured capsule. (a) Ec/Em = 1; (b) Ec/Em = 1/7; (c) Ec/Em = 2.
Fig.6  Fracture map: effect of mismatch in fracture properties with different elastic ratios.
Fig.7  Capsule samples with different shell thickness. (a) R11; (b) R51; (c) R101; (d) R151.
Fig.8  Failure path of an incoming crack through capsule with different core-shell thickness ratios. (a) Rcore/Rshell =1, tc/tm=1, Gc/Gm=1; (b) Rcore/Rshell=1, tc/tm= 2.4, Gc/Gm=0.02; (c) Rcore/Rshell =5, tc/tm= 1.5, Gc/Gm=0.02; (d) Rcore/Rshell =5, tc/tm= 2.5, Gc/Gm=1; (e) Rcore/Rshell =10, tc/tm= 1, Gc/Gm=2; (f) Rcore/Rshell =10, tc/tm=4, Gc/Gm=2; (g) Rcore/Rshell =15, tc/tm= 1, Gc/Gm=1; (h) Rcore/Rshell =15, tc/tm= 5, Gc/Gm=2.
Fig.9  Fracture map: effect of different capsule shell thickness ratios.
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