Please wait a minute...

Frontiers of Structural and Civil Engineering

Front Arch Civil Eng Chin    2011, Vol. 5 Issue (4) : 415-426
The Rion-Antirion bridge—when a dream becomes reality
Jacques COMBAULT()
6-8 Avenue Blaise Pascal Cité Descartes, 77455 Champs-sur-Marne Marne la Vallée cedex 2 Paris, France
Download: PDF(1272 KB)   HTML
Export: BibTeX | EndNote | Reference Manager | ProCite | RefWorks

Opened to traffic in August 2004, the Rion-Antirion Bridge crosses the Gulf of Corinth near Patras in western Greece. It consists of an impressive multi cable-stayed span bridge connected to the land by two approaches.

An exceptional combination of physical conditions made this project quite unusual: high water depth, deep strata of weak soil, strong seismic activity and fault displacements. In addition a risk of heavy ship collision had to be taken into account.

The structure has been designed in view of challenging severe earthquakes and ensuring the everyday serviceability of the link as well. To make the bridge feasible, innovative techniques had to be developed: The strength of the in situ soil has been improved by means of inclusions; the bridge deck has been suspended on its full length, and therefore isolated as much as it can be.

Keywords bridge      multi cable-stayed spans      soil reinforcement      inclusions      yield theory      capacity design      push-over      dry dock      wet dock     
Corresponding Authors: COMBAULT Jacques,   
Issue Date: 05 December 2011
 Cite this article:   
Jacques COMBAULT. The Rion-Antirion bridge—when a dream becomes reality[J]. Front Arch Civil Eng Chin, 2011, 5(4): 415-426.
E-mail this article
E-mail Alert
Articles by authors
Fig.1  Aerial view of the Rion-Antirion Bridge
Fig.2  Design horizontal spectrum
Fig.3  Bridge elevation
Fig.4  CAD view of the shallow pad foundations of the Rion-Antirion Bridge
Fig.5  Inclusions reinforcing the soil
Fig.6  Rendering view of the pylon concept
Fig.7  Typical deck cross section (unit: m)
Fig.8  Fully suspended deck-concept and connection to the pylons
Fig.9  Initial discontinuous pylon concept
Fig.10  Reinforced soil failure model-kinematic mechanism
Fig.11  Reinforced soil resistance-interaction diagram
Fig.12  Finite element analyses – Behavior of the reinforced soil
Fig.13  Horizontal displacement versus time and in plane of a pylon base
Fig.14  Typical deflection shape of a pylon
Fig.15  Displacement at the top of pylon legs versus magnification factor
Fig.16  Pylon bases-dry dock
Fig.17  Works in the dry dock
Fig.18  From the dry dock to the wet dock
Fig.19  The dry dock-before and after towing out
Fig.20  Pylon base at the wet dock-progressing toward top of the cone
Fig.21  Driving the inclusions from the tensioned leg platform
Fig.22  Construction of the pylon legs
Fig.23  Placing the steel core of the pylon head
Fig.24  Placing 12 m long segments
1 Teyssandier J P, Combault J, Morand P. The Rion-Antirion Bridge Design and Construction. In: Proceedings of the 12th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering. Auckland, New Zealand , 2000
2 Pecker A. A seismic foundation design process, Lessons learned from two major projects: the Vasco da Gama and the Rion-Antirion Bridges. ACI International Conference on Seismic Bridge Design and Retrofit, La Jolla, Californi , 2003
3 Combault J, Morand P, Pecker A. Structural Response of the Rion-Antirion Bridge. In: Proceedings of the 12th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering. Auckland, New Zealand , 2000
Related articles from Frontiers Journals
[1] Qiwei ZHANG, Rongya XIN. The defect-length effect in corrosion detection with magnetic method for bridge cables[J]. Front. Struct. Civ. Eng., 2018, 12(4): 662-671.
[2] Yan XU, Shijie ZENG, Xinzhi DUAN, Dongbing JI. Seismic experimental study on a concrete pylon from a typical medium span cable-stayed bridge[J]. Front. Struct. Civ. Eng., 2018, 12(3): 401-411.
[3] Jie HAN, Yan JIANG, Chao XU. Recent advances in geosynthetic-reinforced retaining walls for highway applications[J]. Front. Struct. Civ. Eng., 2018, 12(2): 239-247.
[4] Xinlong TONG, Shanglin SONG, Linbing WANG, Hailu YANG. A preliminary research on wireless cantilever beam vibration sensor in bridge health monitoring[J]. Front. Struct. Civ. Eng., 2018, 12(2): 207-214.
[5] Ricardo MONTEIRO, Miguel ARAÚJO, Raimundo DELGADO, Mário MARQUES. Modeling considerations in seismic assessment of RC bridges using state-of-practice structural analysis software tools[J]. Front. Struct. Civ. Eng., 2018, 12(1): 109-124.
[6] Hiroshi KATSUCHI,Hitoshi YAMADA,Mayuko NISHIO,Yoko OKAZAKI. Improvement of aerodynamic stability of suspension bridges with H-shaped simplified stiffening girder[J]. Front. Struct. Civ. Eng., 2016, 10(1): 93-102.
[7] Xianming SHI. Experimental and modeling studies on installation of arc sprayed Zn anodes for protection of reinforced concrete structures[J]. Front. Struct. Civ. Eng., 2016, 10(1): 1-11.
[8] Lingbo WANG,Peiwen JIANG,Zhentao HUI,Yinping MA,Kai LIU,Xin KANG. Vehicle-bridge coupled vibrations in different types of cable stayed bridges[J]. Front. Struct. Civ. Eng., 2016, 10(1): 81-92.
[9] Mahdi AREZOUMANDI. Feasibility of crack free reinforced concrete bridge deck from materials composition perspective: a state of the art review[J]. Front. Struct. Civ. Eng., 2015, 9(1): 91-103.
[10] Carmelo GENTILE,Antonella SAISI. Continuous dynamic monitoring of a centenary iron bridge for structural modification assessment[J]. Front. Struct. Civ. Eng., 2015, 9(1): 26-41.
[11] Zhiqiang WANG,Jiping GE,Hongyi WEI. Seismic performance of precast hollow bridge piers with different construction details[J]. Front. Struct. Civ. Eng., 2014, 8(4): 399-413.
[12] Haitham DAWOOD,Mohamed ELGAWADY,Joshua HEWES. Factors affecting the seismic behavior of segmental precast bridge columns[J]. Front. Struct. Civ. Eng., 2014, 8(4): 388-398.
[13] Alfred Kofi GAND, Tak-Ming CHAN, James Toby MOTTRAM. Civil and structural engineering applications, recent trends, research and developments on pultruded fiber reinforced polymer closed sections: a review[J]. Front Struc Civil Eng, 2013, 7(3): 227-244.
[14] Qiangong CHENG, Jiujiang WU, Zhang SONG, Hua WEN. The behavior of a rectangular closed diaphragm wall when used as a bridge foundation[J]. Front Struc Civil Eng, 2012, 6(4): 398-420.
[15] Liu HE, Guang WU, Hua WANG. Study of base friction simulation tests based on a complicated engineered bridge slope[J]. Front Struc Civil Eng, 2012, 6(4): 393-397.
Full text