Mar 2008, Volume 2 Issue 1

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  • LANG Chungang , XI Youmin , GUO Shiyi
    Conflict is a pivotal variable influencing team decision performance. This article reviewed literature on intragroup conflict and studied how different types of conflicts affect perceived team decision quality and satisfaction. We conducted a survey on 156 managers and found that the task-relationship conflict dimensions are also valid in the Chinese context. We also found that both task conflict and relationship conflict are negatively related to team members’ decision satisfaction. Relationship conflict acts as a mediator between task conflict and decision satisfaction.
  • YAN Shimei , WANG Zhongming
    When firms start intrapreneurship by merger or acquisition, the level and pattern of human resource integration becomes a critical issue. However, extant literature has paid scant attentions to this issue. Drawing on the previous researches on M&A intrapreneurship, the present article collected primary data of the level and pattern of human resource integration in M&A intrapreneurship by means of in-depth interviews and used content analysis method to structurally analyze the data. The results showed that enterprises engaging in M&A intrapreneurship generally choose a high or intermediate level of HR integration. Specifically, enterprises at high level of HR integration tend to absorb employees from the acquired directly or recruit afresh employees, while enterprises at intermediate level of HR integration are inclined to adopt an agent-type of integration pattern.
  • LIU Zhiyuan , LIU Qing
    Escalation of commitment is a well-known investment trap, which is irrational from an economic point of view but inevitable due to psychological factors. Based on a role-playing experiment, this paper intends to analyze the impact of different effects of the prospect theory on the tendency of escalating commitment in different decision-making processes, and discusses whether certain decision-making processes can mitigate the tendency of escalating commitment. Our empirical results indicate that groups with prior individual consideration can make better decisions involving effects of the prospect theory than individuals and groups.
  • LIU Jun , FU Pingping , WU Weiku
    Based on the value-based leadership(VBL) theory and the preliminary findings obtained from an empirical study of Chinese business leaders, we propose a new model addressing the dynamic relationships among firm environment, VBL behaviors and leadership effectiveness; and test the model using data collected from 95 firms. Results show that VBL behaviors help improve leadership effectiveness when the company faces intense external competition, even though intensive competition is naturally negative to leadership effectiveness. Value-based leadership can help firms to survive through extremely tough circumstances.
  • WANG Tiemin , ZHOU Jie
    Based on a case study of Pfizer’s production scope evolution in China from 1993 to 2002, we propose that MNCs usually have to face dual pressures of keeping integration among global businesses on the one hand, and remaining responsive to local market conditions on the other. When there is large discrepancy between the two, due to the bounded rationality of the decision-makers, the development paths of the subsidiaries are likely to exhibit recursive pattern, instead of the sequential mode as suggested in the extant literature. On the other hand, we argue that companies can make strategic choices to facilitate the development of their overseas subsidiaries. By the adjustment of the strategic parameters pertaining to the content and processes of their development paths, companies can accumulate knowledge about the local market and strike a balance between the dual pressures they have to face. The implication of our study for the indigenous Chinese companies in their international expansion is that when facing unfamiliar business environment in overseas market, paying attention to the idiosyncratic local market condition and keeping strategic flexibility are pivotal to their success.
  • TANG Xiaofei , CHOU Ting-Jui , CHEN Shuqing
    The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship among Guanxi investment, affective commitment and customer loyalty. A customer win-back model is proposed, including Guanxi investment strategies, customer perceptions (price sensitivity, trust and affection), affective commitment and customer 1oyalty(i.e., true loyalty, latent loyalty, spurious loyalty, non loyalty). The fieldwork was conducted in the hotel industry in China (N=1074). Results show that Guanxi investment strategy has significant effects on customer’s loyalty. This study hence contributes to the literature on customer win-back strategy and provides useful suggestions for managers in charge of customer relationship management.
  • ZHOU Wenxia , LI Bo
    This research aims to examine the relationship between organizational career management(OCM) and job involvement(JI). The measures are the OCM scale developed by Long(2002) which was based on Chinese native enterprises’ status and the JI scale developed by Kanungo(1982). We administrated surveys in five enterprises and acquired a sample of 192 valid cases. Results show that the correlation between OCM and JI is significant (?=0.01). Moreover, the correlation between the four dimensions of OCM and JI is significant. Among the dimensions of OCM, Promotion exhibits the highest correlation with JI whereas Focus on Training has the lowest correlation with JI. Results show the vitality of the organizational career management in organizations.
  • LI Wendong , SHI Kan , HE Dan , ZHUANG Jinying , LIANG Jianchun , XU Jianping
    In this study, we surveyed 272 post-holders from four different occupations, namely, public servants in charge of HR administration, software engineers, web editors, and newspaper advertisement salesperson. We found that the three job attitude variables of job satisfaction, affective commitment and job involvement all have significant effects upon job skill importance ratings and skill level ratings after controlling for occupational and demographic variables. Further comparison revealed that job satisfaction has a greater influence upon the above two ratings than affective commitment and job involvement. Also, we studied several occupations comprehensively in the present article, which is beneficial to a deeper understanding of factors influencing job analysis ratings and is thus of great importance to future job analysis research and practice.