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Landscape Architecture Frontiers

Landsc. Archit. Front.    2019, Vol. 7 Issue (1) : 8-17     https://doi.org/10.15302/J-LAF-20190102
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PERSPECTIVES OF DESIGNED ECOLOGIES
Zhifang WANG1(), Zhenyu YUAN2
1. Associate Professor of College of Architecture and Landscape, Peking University
2. Research Assistant of College of Architecture and Landscape, Peking University
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Abstract

Designed ecology refers to a process of active and purposive design interventions that help enhance functional improvement, restoration, or reshaping of ecosystem in human settlements, especially in the areas suffering from severe ecological degradation. Different from ecological design, designed ecology is to creatively intervene and improve human beings’ complicated living environment. Starting from an examination of related concepts, this paper reviews designed ecology from four perspectives: creating natural environment; reintroducing native habitat; enhancing natural regeneration; and tending natural ecosystem. It further defines designed ecology at three levels: 1) ecological functionality, i.e. the design creates a self-maintaining ecosystem; 2) succession efficiency, i.e. the effect of the designed succession surpasses the results of natural regeneration or the design helps promote natural regeneration; and 3) landscape experience, i.e. the design offers aesthetic services to better respond to the needs of human society. The authors argue that an effective promotion of designed ecology relies on both the efforts of design practice and ecological study, including research on regional / local ecosystem, self-succession of ecosystem, and ecosystem capacity, as well as exploration of improving human living experience through design practice.

Keywords Designed Ecology      Ecological Design      Ecosystem      Dimension      Landscape Service      Human Living Environment     
Corresponding Authors: Zhifang WANG   
Issue Date: 03 April 2019
 Cite this article:   
Zhifang WANG,Zhenyu YUAN. PERSPECTIVES OF DESIGNED ECOLOGIES[J]. Landsc. Archit. Front., 2019, 7(1): 8-17.
 URL:  
http://journal.hep.com.cn/laf/EN/10.15302/J-LAF-20190102
http://journal.hep.com.cn/laf/EN/Y2019/V7/I1/8
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