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Landscape Architecture Frontiers

Landsc. Archit. Front.    2019, Vol. 7 Issue (6) : 102-115     https://doi.org/10.15302/J-LAF-1-040011
THEMATIC PRACTICES
SLOWING DOWN NUTRIENT FLOWS — ECOLOGICAL DESIGN OF THE FENGXIANG PARK ON THE MEISHE RIVER IN HAIKOU
Kongjian YU1, Wenyu YU2(), Guoxiong LIN3, Jianqiao ZHANG4, Zhen BAI4
1. Doctor of Design at Graduate School of Design, Harvard University; Honorary Foreign Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences; Professor of College of Architecture and Landscape, Peking University
2. Landscape Architect; Director of the Studio Two of the Sponge City Construction Institute, Turenscape
3. Landscape Architect; Associate Director of the Sponge City Construction Institute, Turenscape
4. Landscape Architect; Associate Director of the Studio Two of the Sponge City Construction Institute, Turenscape
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Abstract

Haikou is a coastal tourist city in Hainan Province of South China with beautiful natural landscapes. During the rapid urbanization in the past decades, the role of natural rivers as city’s water ecological infrastructure has been long-time neglected, resulting in a sharp deterioration of urban ecological resilience and security. Fengxiang Park, sitting at the middle reaches of the Meishe River, is a key ecological node in the watershed, which however had suffered from severe ecological problems. In this demonstrative project, the site was envisioned as an urban park which mitigates urban flooding and water pollution and provides citizens a quality waterfront with pleasant, slow living environment through a substantial ecosystem improvement with means of Design Ecology.

Techniques of green sponge construction and the reinforced constructed wetland system deployed in the park have effectively slowed down the flow of water and nutrients, restored habitats for fauna and flora, and increased biodiversity; the introduction of a diversity of slow traffic system has brought vitality to the city by encouraging green traffic modes among citizens and tourists, creating a new tourism, recreational, and cultural destination for the city. More importantly, in view of increasingly severe issues such as water pollution and shortage around the globe, this project shows an obvious reference significance to other practices in urban water quality improvement, flooding control, and the creation of public spaces to provide social and cultural services.

Keywords Sponge City Construction      Constructed Wetland System      Ecological Restoration      Slow Life      Designed Ecology     
Corresponding Authors: Wenyu YU   
Issue Date: 27 April 2020
 Cite this article:   
Kongjian YU,Wenyu YU,Guoxiong LIN, et al. SLOWING DOWN NUTRIENT FLOWS — ECOLOGICAL DESIGN OF THE FENGXIANG PARK ON THE MEISHE RIVER IN HAIKOU[J]. Landsc. Archit. Front., 2019, 7(6): 102-115.
 URL:  
http://journal.hep.com.cn/laf/EN/10.15302/J-LAF-1-040011
http://journal.hep.com.cn/laf/EN/Y2019/V7/I6/102
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Kongjian YU
Wenyu YU
Guoxiong LIN
Jianqiao ZHANG
Zhen BAI
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