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Landscape Architecture Frontiers

Landsc. Archit. Front.    2020, Vol. 8 Issue (1) : 10-25     https://doi.org/10.15302/J-LAF-1-020020
PAPERS
VALUES AND LEGAL FRAMEWORK OF GERMAN LANDSCAPE PLANNING AND THE IMPLICATIONS
Tao LUO1, Yuchen LIN2, Christina von HAAREN3, Zhifang WANG4()
1. Professor and PhD Supervisor of School of Architecture and Urban-Rural Planning, Fuzhou University
2. Master Student of School of Architecture and Urban-Rural Planning, Fuzhou University
3. Professor and PhD Supervisor of Institute of Environmental Planning, Leibniz University Hanover
4. Associated Professor and PhD Supervisor of College of Architecture and Landscape, Peking University
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Abstract

German landscape planning has gathered many experiences and become an outstandingly working system of the nation’s territorial spatial planning. By reviewing its history, values, and legal framework, this paper summarizes the experience of German landscape planning and draws conclusions for its success into four logics: 1) the normative basis for the evaluation and deduction of objectives is transparent and stems primarily from ethical and cultural values; 2) social development needs are considered in the overall spatial planning and local participation processes; 3) planning methods include ways to effective implementation; and 4) the principle of subsidiary and the scale effect of landscape processes are considered. These logics are reflected and guaranteed by the German legislation. With a profound understanding of China’s reality, the authors argue that China needs more efforts to further separate the right to use and the revenues from the ownership of the spatial resources, and build a balancing mechanism for public-private interest negotiation to ensure the fairness of planning; In addition to enriching the evaluation standards and methodological standards for territorial spatial planning, a greater attention should be given to enhancing the effectiveness and efficiency of public participation at lower planning levels by establishing respective routines of bottom up initiatives and processes; Within the “Five- Level and Three-Type Framework,” China should introduce cross-level and cross-regional planning coordination mechanism that facilitates the paid supply and compensation mechanism of ecological public goods like ecosystem services.

Keywords Territorial Spatial Planning      Landscape Planning      Values      Legal Framework      Comparative Analysis      Germany     
Corresponding Authors: Zhifang WANG   
Issue Date: 30 March 2020
 Cite this article:   
Tao LUO,Yuchen LIN,Christina von HAAREN, et al. VALUES AND LEGAL FRAMEWORK OF GERMAN LANDSCAPE PLANNING AND THE IMPLICATIONS[J]. Landsc. Archit. Front., 2020, 8(1): 10-25.
 URL:  
http://journal.hep.com.cn/laf/EN/10.15302/J-LAF-1-020020
http://journal.hep.com.cn/laf/EN/Y2020/V8/I1/10
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