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Frontiers of Optoelectronics

Front. Optoelectron.    2016, Vol. 9 Issue (2) : 123-137     DOI: 10.1007/s12200-016-0612-5
REVIEW ARTICLE |
Frontier research of ultra-high-speed ultra-large-capacity and ultra-long-haul optical transmission
Daojun XUE1,Shaohua YU1,*(),Qi YANG1,Nan CHI2,Lan RAO3,Xiangjun XIN3,Wei LI4,Songnian FU5,Sheng CUI5,Demin LIU5,Zhuo LI6,Aijun WEN6,Chongxiu YU3,Xinmei WANG6
1. State Key Laboratory of Optical Communication Technologies and Networks, Wuhan Research Institute of Posts and Telecommunications, Wuhan 430074, China
2. School of Information Science and Technology, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
3. State Key Laboratory of Information Photonics and Optical Communications, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing 100876, China
4. Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China
5. School of Optics and Electronic Information, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China
6. State Key Laboratory of Integrated Services Networks, Xidian University, Xi’an 710126, China
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Abstract

Ultra-high-speed, ultra-large-capacity and ultra-long-haul (3U) are the forever pursuit of optical communication. As a new mode of optical communication, 3U transmission can greatly promote next generation optical internet and broadband mobile communication network development and technological progress, therefore it has become the focus of international high-tech intellectual property competition ground. This paper introduces the scientific problems, key technologies and important achievements in 3U transmission research.

Keywords ultra-high-speed      ultra-large-capacity      ultra-long-haul      optical transmission      high spectral efficiency      parametric amplification      dispersion management     
Corresponding Authors: Shaohua YU   
Just Accepted Date: 22 February 2016   Online First Date: 29 March 2016    Issue Date: 05 April 2016
 Cite this article:   
Daojun XUE,Shaohua YU,Qi YANG, et al. Frontier research of ultra-high-speed ultra-large-capacity and ultra-long-haul optical transmission[J]. Front. Optoelectron., 2016, 9(2): 123-137.
 URL:  
http://journal.hep.com.cn/foe/EN/10.1007/s12200-016-0612-5
http://journal.hep.com.cn/foe/EN/Y2016/V9/I2/123
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Daojun XUE
Shaohua YU
Qi YANG
Nan CHI
Lan RAO
Xiangjun XIN
Wei LI
Songnian FU
Sheng CUI
Demin LIU
Zhuo LI
Aijun WEN
Chongxiu YU
Xinmei WANG
Fig.1  General structure and topics of the project
Fig.2  Comparison of different channel multiplexing schemes
Fig.3  (a) Main DSP blocks for MMEQ based on CMMA and modified carrier recovery scheme for the super-Nyquist filtering 9-QAM like QDB signal; (b) DSP principle for 9-QAM signal recovery; (c) benefit of proposed MMEQ with better performance of noise and crosstalk suppression [10]
Fig.4  Experimental setup of the FOPA. (a) FOPA diagram; (b) reflection power of the HNLF before and after suppression technique used; (c) ON-OFF gain of the FOPA; (d) experimental platform [28]
Fig.5  Gain and noise figure characteristics of the FOPA as b2 (a) and b4 (b) considered
Fig.6  Characteristics and structure of PCF. (a) Dispersion, effective mode area and structure of PCF; (b) hollow PCF and (c) polarization-maintained hollow PCF; (d) output spectra of PCF obtained by simulation and experiment; (e) output spectra power as various pump power used; (f) FWM conversion efficiency of PCF [2932]
Fig.7  (a) Diagram of three order distributed Raman assisted FOPA; (b) gain and NF after optimization
Fig.8  (a) Experimental setup of the proposed CD measurement; (b) measured optical spectral interferogram in the wavelength range of 1500 to 1600 nm [15]
Fig.9  Experimental results. (a) Measured CD of 20.62 km G.652 fiber by our method (solid curve) and by Agilent 86037C (dashed curve); (b) measured CD slope by our method (solid curve) and by Agilent 86037C (dashed curve) [15]
Fig.10  (a) Residual CD for each G.652 fiber compensation. Twenty segments (out of 261) 100-km G.652 transmission fiber are randomly selected. (b) residual CD after 2000-km optical transmission. A 2000-km lane is linked by 20 random 100-km G.652 fiber and corresponding fourth-order CD compensation module [16]
Fig.11  (a) Setup of the CD monitor (EDFA: Erbium-doped fiber amplifier. PS: Polarization scrambler. LD: Laser diode. PM: Power meter). (b) output idler wave power versus residual CD of 40 Gb/s 33% return-to-zero on-off keying (RZ OOK) signals (Thick and thin lines are results obtained by our and previous PTF based methods) [17]
Fig.12  Configuration of the implementation of FRFT [18]
Fig.13  BER as a function of the maximum phase shift of PM after 860 km transmission [18]
Fig.14  Experimental setup for 168 × 103 Gb/s DFT-S OFDM-8PSK transmission: (a) 168 carriers generated by the first optical phase modulator; (b) optical spectrum for 168 × 103 Gb/s DFT-S OFDM-8PSK signal. Right inserted figures show the carriers and modulated signal in 7th channel [19]
Fig.15  BER performance against OSNR for DFT-S OFDM-8PSK, OFDM-8QAM, and OFDM-8PSK in a back-to-back configuration [19]
Fig.16  BER versus launch power for DFT-S OFDM-8PSK, OFDM-8QAM, and OFDM-8PSK after 2240 km transmission [19]
Fig.17  BER performance against OSNR for DFT-S OFDM-8PSK, OFDM-8QAM, and OFDM-8PSK after 2240 km transmission [19]
Fig.18  BER performance for DFT-S OFDM-8PSK after 2240 km transmission [19]
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