Please wait a minute...

Frontiers of Philosophy in China

Front. Philos. China    2018, Vol. 13 Issue (3) : 377-393     https://doi.org/10.3868/s030-007-018-0029-2
Orginal Article |
Mind, Consciousness, and Free Will
Paul Thagard()
Department of Philosophy, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada
Download: PDF(266 KB)  
Export: BibTeX | EndNote | Reference Manager | ProCite | RefWorks
Abstract

This commentary discusses how philosophy and science can collaborate to understand the human mind, considering dialogues involving three philosophers and three cognitive scientists. Their topics include the relation of philosophy and science, the nature of mind, the problem of consciousness, and the existence of free will. I argue that philosophy is more general and normative than science, but they are interdependent. Philosophy can build on the cognitive sciences to develop a theory of mind I call “multilevel materialism,” which integrates molecular, neural, mental, and social mechanisms. Consciousness is increasingly being understood as resulting from neural mechanisms. Scientific advances make the traditional concept of free will implausible, but “freeish” will is consistent with new theories of decision making and action resulting from brain processes. Philosophers should work closely with scientists to address profound problems about knowledge, reality, and values.

Keywords cognitive science      consciousness      free will      intuition      materialism      mind      philosophy      science     
Issue Date: 25 September 2018
 Cite this article:   
Paul Thagard. Mind, Consciousness, and Free Will[J]. Front. Philos. China, 2018, 13(3): 377-393.
 URL:  
http://journal.hep.com.cn/fpc/EN/10.3868/s030-007-018-0029-2
http://journal.hep.com.cn/fpc/EN/Y2018/V13/I3/377
Service
E-mail this article
E-mail Alert
RSS
Articles by authors
Paul Thagard
Related articles from Frontiers Journals
[1] SUN Zhengyu. Chinese Marxist Philosophy Since Reform and Opening-Up[J]. Front. Philos. China, 2018, 13(3): 430-448.
[2] Timothy O’Connor. Consciousness, Free Will, and the Sciences of the Mind[J]. Front. Philos. China, 2018, 13(3): 394-401.
[3] Giulio Tononi, Owen Flanagan. Philosophy and Science Dialogue: Consciousness[J]. Front. Philos. China, 2018, 13(3): 332-348.
[4] Thalia Wheatley, Terence Horgan. Philosophy and Science Dialogue: Mental Causation[J]. Front. Philos. China, 2018, 13(3): 349-360.
[5] Marcel Brass, Derk Pereboom. Philosophy and Science Dialogue: Free Will[J]. Front. Philos. China, 2018, 13(3): 361-376.
[6] JIANG Yi. Chinese Philosophy in the New Era from the Perspective of the Theme of the 24th World Congress of Philosophy[J]. Front. Philos. China, 2018, 13(2): 182-193.
[7] DONG Lihe, JIN Qianwen. The Study of Western Postmodern Philosophy of History in China in the Four Decades of Reform and Opening Up[J]. Front. Philos. China, 2018, 13(2): 254-264.
[8] LIU Sumin. Chinese Research in Medieval Philosophy: Retrospects and Prospects[J]. Front. Philos. China, 2018, 13(1): 120-138.
[9] PENG Guoxiang. Contemporary Chinese Philosophy in the Chinese-Speaking World: An Overview[J]. Front. Philos. China, 2018, 13(1): 91-119.
[10] Ady Van Den Stock. The Semantics of Wisdom in the Philosophy of Tang Junyi: Between Transformative Knowledge and Transcendental Reflexivity[J]. Front. Philos. China, 2018, 13(1): 39-54.
[11] John Makeham. Xiong Shili on the Nature, the Mind and the Origin of Badness as Evidenced in Ming Xin Pian 明心篇 (Explaining the Mind )[J]. Front. Philos. China, 2018, 13(1): 4-22.
[12] Patricia Huntington. Place as Refuge: Exploring the Poetical Legacy of Matsuo Bashō[J]. Front. Philos. China, 2017, 12(4): 572-590.
[13] Mario Wenning. Mysticism and Peace of Mind: Reflections on Tugendhat and Daoism[J]. Front. Philos. China, 2017, 12(4): 554-571.
[14] Ellen Y. Zhang. The Face/Facelessness of the Other—A Levinasian Reading of the Ethical of the Zhuangzi [J]. Front. Philos. China, 2017, 12(4): 533-553.
[15] Yumi Suzuki. Moral Falsity in the Eyes of the Superhuman: The Cases of Socrates and Mozi[J]. Front. Philos. China, 2017, 12(4): 515-532.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed