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Frontiers of Philosophy in China

Front. Philos. China    2014, Vol. 9 Issue (2) : 268-279     https://doi.org/10.3868/s030-003-014-0022-7
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The Semantic Function of Descriptions Associated with Proper Names: Comments on Kripke’s Criticism of Searle
GUO Peng()
School of Philosophy and Social Development, Shandong University, Jinan 250100, China
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Abstract

The aim of this paper is to defend Searle’s view on the semantic role that descriptions associated with proper names play in real contexts. Through an analysis of Kripke’s critique of Searle’s views, I reach the conclusion that Kripke;s criticism is based upon a misinterpretation of Searle’s ideas. Searle tried to answer the question “what is the object named as such?” That is different from the question that Kripke attributed to the descriptivists, i.e. “what are the necessary criteria to identify the referent of a name in every possible world?” I think Searle’s question is also a question that Kripke’s Causal Theory of Names has to answer, i.e. how a name transmits through a linguistic community.

Keywords pproper name      descriptivism      referent determination      reference transmission      necessary criterion      contingent criterion      J. Searle      S. Kripke     
Issue Date: 04 July 2014
 Cite this article:   
GUO Peng. The Semantic Function of Descriptions Associated with Proper Names: Comments on Kripke’s Criticism of Searle[J]. Front. Philos. China, 2014, 9(2): 268-279.
 URL:  
http://journal.hep.com.cn/fpc/EN/10.3868/s030-003-014-0022-7
http://journal.hep.com.cn/fpc/EN/Y2014/V9/I2/268
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