Please wait a minute...

Frontiers of Optoelectronics

Front. Optoelectron.    2018, Vol. 11 Issue (3) : 261-266     https://doi.org/10.1007/s12200-018-0752-x
RESEARCH ARTICLE |
Plasma characteristics of energetic liquid polymer ablated by nanosecond laser pulses
Jing QI, Siqi ZHANG, Tian LIANG, Weichong TANG, Ke XIAO, Lu GAO, Hua GAO, Zili ZHANG, Zhiyuan ZHENG()
School of Science, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China
Download: PDF(663 KB)   HTML
Export: BibTeX | EndNote | Reference Manager | ProCite | RefWorks
Abstract

The plasma characteristics of carbon-doped glycidyl azide polymer (GAP) are investigated ablation by nanosecond laser pulses. For the GAP energetic liquid, a specific impulse of 840 s and an ablation efficiency up to 98% are obtained, which can be attributed to the low mass loss owing to the carbon doping. A comparison between the chemical energies shows that the carbon-doped GAP provides better propulsion than pure GAP. This indicates that even for an energetic liquid, an efficient approach to enhance the thrust performance is to reduce the splashing. High ablation thrust could be achieved at a low laser fluence and high carbon content.

Keywords laser plasma      energetic liquid      carbon content     
Corresponding Authors: Zhiyuan ZHENG   
Just Accepted Date: 15 March 2018   Online First Date: 04 April 2018    Issue Date: 31 August 2018
 Cite this article:   
Jing QI,Siqi ZHANG,Tian LIANG, et al. Plasma characteristics of energetic liquid polymer ablated by nanosecond laser pulses[J]. Front. Optoelectron., 2018, 11(3): 261-266.
 URL:  
http://journal.hep.com.cn/foe/EN/10.1007/s12200-018-0752-x
http://journal.hep.com.cn/foe/EN/Y2018/V11/I3/261
Service
E-mail this article
E-mail Alert
RSS
Articles by authors
Jing QI
Siqi ZHANG
Tian LIANG
Weichong TANG
Ke XIAO
Lu GAO
Hua GAO
Zili ZHANG
Zhiyuan ZHENG
Fig.1  Schematic of the experimental setup with two crossing beams for the measurement of the target velocity
Fig.2  Cm (coupling coefficient), Isp (specific impulse), target momentum, and mass loss as a function of the laser fluence for ablation of pure GAP
Fig.3  Dependences of the Cm (coupling coefficient), Isp (specific impulse), momentum, and mass loss as a function of the carbon content for a laser fluence of 15 J/cm2
Fig.4  Dependence of the ablation pressure as a function of the focus positions for carbon-doped (5%) GAP. The position of zero corresponds to the cavity bottom, while the position of 1.5 mm corresponds to the target surface
Fig.5  Dependence of the ablation efficiency as a function of the (a) laser fluence for pure GAP and (b) carbon content for a laser fluence of 15 J/cm2
1 Luke J R, Phipps C R, McDuff G G. Laser plasma thruster. Applied Physics A, Materials Science & Processing, 2003, 77(2): 343–348
2 Ahmad M R, Jamil Y, Saeed H, Hussain T. A new perspective of ablative pulsed laser propulsion: study on different morphologies of nano-structured ZnO. Laser Physics Letters, 2015, 12(5): 056101
https://doi.org/10.1088/1612-2011/12/5/056101
3 Fardel R, Urech L, Lippert T, Phipps C, Fitz-gerald J M, Wokaun A. Laser ablation of energetic polymer solutions: effect of viscosity and fluence on the splashing behavior. Applied Physics A, Materials Science & Processing, 2009, 94(3): 657–665
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00339-008-4896-1
4 Phipps C, Luke J, Lippert T, Hauer M, Wokaun A. Micropropulsion using a laser ablation jet. Journal of Propulsion and Power, 2004, 20(6): 1000–1011
https://doi.org/10.2514/1.2710
5 Zheng Z Y, Zhang J, Zhang Y, Liu F, Chen M, Lu X, Li Y T. Enhancement of coupling coefficient of laser plasma propulsion by water confinement. Applied Physics A, Materials Science & Processing, 2006, 85(4): 441–443
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00339-006-3714-x
6 Zheng Z Y, Zhang S Q, Liang T, Gao L, Gao H, Zhang Z L. Characteristics of droplets ejected from liquid glycerol doped with carbon in laser ablation propulsion. Chinese Physics B, 2016, 25(4): 045204
https://doi.org/10.1088/1674-1056/25/4/045204
7 Zheng Z Y, Liang T, Zhang S Q, Gao L, Gao H, Zhang Z L. Ablation of carbon-doped liquid propellant in laser plasma propulsion. Applied Physics A, Materials Science & Processing, 2016, 122(4): 317
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00339-016-9848-6
8 Fardel R, Urech L, Lippert T, Phipps C, Fitz-gerald J M, Wokaun A. Laser ablation of energetic polymer solutions: effect of viscosity and fluence on the splashing behavior. Applied Physics A, Materials Science & Processing, 2009, 94(3): 657–665
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00339-008-4896-1
9 Urech L, Lippert T, Phipps C R, Wokaun A. Polymer ablation: from fundamentals of polymer design to laser plasma thruster. Applied Surface Science, 2007, 253(15): 6409–6415
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2007.01.026
10 Wang X Y, Wu L Z, Guo N, He N B, Shen R Q, Ye Y H. Preliminary study for effects of laser pulse width on propulsion performance of gap propellant doped with carbon.  Journal of Propulsion Technology, 2016, 37(4): 788–792
11 Xue Y T, Dou Z G, Ye J F, Li N L, Zhang G Z, Wan Y. Experimental study on influence of splashing behavior on mechanical effects. High Power Laser and Particle Beams, 2014, 26(10): 101020
12 Zheng Z Y, Gao H, Gao L, Xing J, Fan Z J, Dong A G, Zhang Z L. Laser plasma propulsion generation in nanosecond pulse laser interaction with polyimide film. Applied Physics A, Materials Science & Processing, 2014, 115(4): 1439–1443
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00339-013-8060-1
13 Choi S, Han T, Gojani A B, Yoh J J. Thrust enhancement via gel-type liquid confinement of laser ablation of solid metal propellant. Applied Physics A, Materials Science & Processing, 2010, 98(1): 147–151
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00339-009-5437-2
14 Phipps C R, Luke J K, Lippert T, Hauer M, Wokaun A. Micropropulsion using laser ablation. Applied Physics A, Materials Science & Processing, 2004, 79(4-6): 1385–1389
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00339-004-2787-7
15 Sinko J E, Phipps C R. Modeling CO2 laser ablation impulse of polymers in vapor and plasma regimes. Applied Physics Letters, 2009, 95(13): 131105
https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3234382
16 Phipps C, Birkan M, Bohn W, Eckel H A, Horisawa H, Lippert T, Michaelis M, Rezunkov Y, Sasoh A, Schall W, Scharring S, Sinko J. Review: laser-ablation propulsion. Journal of Propulsion and Power, 2010, 26(4): 609–637
https://doi.org/10.2514/1.43733
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed