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Frontiers of Optoelectronics

Front Optoelec    2012, Vol. 5 Issue (4) : 351-357     DOI: 10.1007/s12200-012-0294-6
REVIEW ARTICLE |
Optical fiber amplifiers for space-division multiplexing
Dagong JIA1,2,3(), Haiwei ZHANG1,2, Zhe JI1,2, Neng BAI3, Guifang LI3
1. College of Precision Instrument & Opto-electronics Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China; 2. Key Laboratory of Opto-electronics Information Technology of the Ministry of Education, Tianjin 300072, China; 3. College of Optics & Photonics/CREOL&FPCE, University of Central Florida, 4000 Central Florida Boulevard, Orlando, Florida 32816-2700, USA
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Abstract

Recently, space-division multiplexing (SDM) techniques using multi-core fiber (MCF) and few-mode fiber (FMF) have been introduced into optical fiber communication to increase transmission capacity. Two main types of optical fiber amplifiers based on the Erbium-doped fiber (EDF) and the Raman effect have been developed to amplify signals in the MCF and FMF. In this paper, we reviewed the principles and configurations of these amplifiers.

Keywords optical fiber amplifier      space-division multiplexing (SDM)      multi-core fiber (MCF)      few-mode fiber (FMF)     
Corresponding Authors: JIA Dagong,Email:dagongjia@tju.edu.cn, li@creol.ucf.edu   
Issue Date: 05 December 2012
 Cite this article:   
Dagong JIA,Haiwei ZHANG,Zhe JI, et al. Optical fiber amplifiers for space-division multiplexing[J]. Front Optoelec, 2012, 5(4): 351-357.
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http://journal.hep.com.cn/foe/EN/10.1007/s12200-012-0294-6
http://journal.hep.com.cn/foe/EN/Y2012/V5/I4/351
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Dagong JIA
Haiwei ZHANG
Zhe JI
Neng BAI
Guifang LI
Fig.1  Theoretical schematic of MM-EDFA (a) and experimental setup of MM-EDFA (b)
Fig.2  Modal gain of signal, LP and L , at 1530 nm versus the 980 nm pump power when pump is entirely confined in (a) LP, (b) LP and (c) LP
Fig.3  Experimental setup of 7-core MC-EDFA
Fig.4  Schematic of the imaging amplifier where IS is the imaging system
FM-EDFA (980)FM-EDFA (1480)FM-DRA (1455)
LP01,sLP11,sLP01,sLP11,sLP01,sLP11,s
LP01,p6.19793.19546.10713.28346.19673.3933
LP11,p4.40433.65883.47493.06033.64503.3598
LP21, p3.24473.4153
LP02, p4.57642.0441
Tab.1  Overlap integrals of normalized intensity profile (unit: 10/m)
Fig.5  Hybrid EDF-Raman amplifiers
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