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Frontiers in Biology

Front. Biol.    2018, Vol. 13 Issue (3) : 157-167
Siberian plants: untapped repertoire of bioactive endosymbionts
Syed Baker1(), Svetlana V. Prudnikova2, Tatiana Volova3,4
1. Laboratory of Biotechnology of New Materials, Siberian Federal University, 79 Svobodny pr., Krasnoyarsk, 660041, Russia
2. Siberian Federal University, School of Fundamental Biology and Biotechnology, 79 Svobodny pr., Krasnoyarsk, 660041, Russia
3. Institute of Biophysics SB RAS, Federal Research Center “Krasnoyarsk Science Center SB RAS,” 50/50 Akademgorodok, Krasnoyarsk 660036, Russia
4. Siberian Federal University, 79 Svobodny pr., Krasnoyarsk, 660041, Russia
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BACKGROUND: Endosymbionts are microorganisms present in all plant species, and constitute the subject of interest among the scientific community. These symbionts have gained considerable attention in recent years, owing to their emerging biological roles. Global challenges, such as antimicrobial resistance, treatment of infectious diseases such as HIV and tuberculosis, cancer, and many genetic disorders, exist. Endosymbionts can help address these challenges by secreting value-added bioactive compounds with various activities.

OBJECTIVE: Herein, we describe the importance of plants inhabiting Siberian niches. These plants are considered to be among the least studied organisms in the plant kingdom worldwide. Barcoding these plants can be of interest for exploring bioactive endosymbionts possessing myriad biological properties.

METHODS: A systematic survey of relevant scientific reports was conducted using the PubMed search engine. The reports were analyzed, and compiled to draft this review.

RESULTS: The literature survey on Siberian plants regarding endosymbionts included a few reports, since extremely few exploratory studies have been conducted on the plants in these regions. Studies on the endosymbionts of these plants are highly valuable, as they report potent endosymbionts possessing numerous biological properties. Based on these considerations, this review aims to create awareness among the global scientific community working on related areas.

CONCLUSION: This review could provide the basis for barcoding novel endosymbionts of Siberian plants and their ecological importance, which can be exploited in various sectors. The main purpose of this review is to create awareness of Siberian plants, which are among the least studied organisms in the plant kingdom, with respect to endosymbionts, among the scientific community.

Keywords endosymbiont      endophyte      siberian plant      bioactive metabolite      novel compound     
Corresponding Author(s): Syed Baker   
Online First Date: 18 April 2018    Issue Date: 31 July 2018
 Cite this article:   
Syed Baker,Svetlana V. Prudnikova,Tatiana Volova. Siberian plants: untapped repertoire of bioactive endosymbionts[J]. Front. Biol., 2018, 13(3): 157-167.
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Syed Baker
Svetlana V. Prudnikova
Tatiana Volova
Fig.1  Endophytes (Endosymbionts) and their biological properties
Fig.2  Characteristics of endophytes (Endosymbionts)
Endosymbionts Host Bioactive metabolite Activity References
Pseudomonas viridiflava Grass Ecomycins B & C Antimicrobial Miller et al., 1998
Chaetomium globosum Ginkgo biloba Chaetoglobosins A & C Antimicrobial Qin et al., 2009
Periconia sp. Taxus cuspidate Periconicins A & B Antibacterial Kim et al., 2004
Guignardia sp. Spondias mombin Guignardic acid Antibacterial Rodrigues-Heerklotz et al., 2001
Botryosphaeria rhodina Bidens pilosa Botryorhodines A-D Antifungal Randa et al., 2010
Streptomyces sp. Monstera sp. Coronamycin Antifungal Ezra et al., 2004
Cytonaema sp. Quercus sp Cytonic acids A Antiviral Guo et al., 2000
Streptomyces NRRL 30562 Kennedia nigriscans Munumbicin D Anti malarial Castillo et al., 2002
Streptomyces sp Bruguiera Gymnorrhiza Xiamycin Anti-HIV Ding et al., 2010
Aspergillus niger.
Cyndon dactylon Rubrofusarin B Anti-tumor Song et al., 2004
Tab.1  Bioactive metabolites secreted from endosymbionts bearing biological potential
Fig.3  Important Secondary metabolites secreted from Endosymbionts
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