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Frontiers of History in China

Front. Hist. China    2014, Vol. 9 Issue (4) : 506-533
Public Health and Private Charity in Northeast China, 1905–1945
Thomas David DuBois()
College of Asia and the Pacific, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia
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Medical charity in northeast China evolved through the confluence of three processes: the foundation of state medicine, the legal and political transformation of private charities, and the militarized competition for influence between China and Japan. Following the plague of 1910, a series of Chinese regimes began building medical infrastructure in areas under their control, but their ultimate inability to establish a comprehensive public health program left private charities to fill the gaps. In contrast, the Japanese administered concessions in Kantō and along the South Manchuria Railway instituted a farsighted and multivalenced medical policy. The Japanese model did not merely tolerate medical charities, it reserved for them a very specific role in the larger strategic framework of healthcare provision. Under the client state of “Manzhouguo,” the Japanese model further evolved to channel medical voluntarism into a hybrid state-charitable sector.

Keywords Manchuria      charity      medicine      epidemic disease      Japan      sovereignty      social engineering     
Issue Date: 11 December 2014
 Cite this article:   
Thomas David DuBois. Public Health and Private Charity in Northeast China, 1905–1945[J]. Front. Hist. China, 2014, 9(4): 506-533.
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