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Frontiers of Earth Science

Front. Earth Sci.    2014, Vol. 8 Issue (3) : 375-384     DOI: 10.1007/s11707-014-0411-5
RESEARCH ARTICLE |
Ecological analysis of a typical farm-scale biogas plant in China
Na DUAN1,Cong LIN1,*(),Pingzhi WANG1,Jing MENG2,*(),Hui CHEN3,Xue LI1
1. College of Water Resources and Civil Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China
2. Key Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes, College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
3. Guangdong Huianhengda Management Consulting Co. Ltd., Guangzhou 510080, China
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Abstract

The aim of this work was to present the common anaerobic digestion technologies in a typical farm-scale biogas plant in China. The comprehensive benefits of most biogas plants in China have not been fully assessed in past decades due to the limited information of the anaerobic digestion processes in biogas plants. This paper analyzed four key aspects (i.e., operational performance, nonrenewable energy (NE) savings, CO2 emission reduction (CER) and economic benefits (EBs)) of a typical farm-scale biogas plant, where beef cattle manure was used as feedstock. Owing to the monitoring system, stable operation was achieved with a hydraulic retention time of 18–22 days and a production of 876,000 m3 of biogas and 37,960 t of digestate fertilizer annually. This could substantially substitute for the nonrenewable energy and chemical fertilizer. The total amount of NE savings and CER derived from biogas and digestate fertilizer was 2.10×107 MJ (equivalent to 749.7 tce) and 9.71×105 kg, respectively. The EBs of the biogas plant was 6.84×105 CNY·yr-1 with an outputs-to-inputs ratio of 2.37. As a result, the monitoring system was proved to contribute significantly to the sound management and quantitative assessment of the biogas plant. Biogas plants could produce biogas which could be used to substitute fossil fuels and reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases, and digestate fertilizer is also an important bio-product.

Keywords biogas plant      monitoring system      ecological benefits      NE savings      CO2 emission reduction      economic benefits     
Corresponding Authors: Cong LIN   
Issue Date: 04 July 2014
 Cite this article:   
Na DUAN,Cong LIN,Pingzhi WANG, et al. Ecological analysis of a typical farm-scale biogas plant in China[J]. Front. Earth Sci., 2014, 8(3): 375-384.
 URL:  
http://journal.hep.com.cn/fesci/EN/10.1007/s11707-014-0411-5
http://journal.hep.com.cn/fesci/EN/Y2014/V8/I3/375
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Na DUAN
Cong LIN
Pingzhi WANG
Jing MENG
Hui CHEN
Xue LI
Fig.1  The schematic of the sub-systems and processes of the farm-scale biogas plant.
ParametersValues
pH value6.8-7.4
Temperature/°C32-35
Hydraulic retention time/d18-22
DM/%6
Average daily biogas yield/m32,400
Average biogas production /(m3·t-1·DM-1·d-1)242.4
CH4 content/%55-68
Average volumetric biogas production /(m3·m-3·d-1)0.89
Average daily digestate yield/t148.5
Average daily recycled feeding quantity/t44.5
Average daily discharging digestate quantity/t104.0
Tab.1  The operational performance of the farm biogas plant
Fig.2  Annual yields, their benefit relationships, and various utilization pathways of biogas and digestate.
Fertilizer sourceQuantity/%Quantity/tQuantity/tEnergy intensity/(MJ·kg-1)Energy/MJ
NH3-NP2O5K2ONH3-NP2O5K2O
Digestate fertilizer0.05630.06670.11303796021.3725.3242.89
Chemical fertilizersUrea4624.9111.4674.291.85×106
Diammonium phosphate184655.049.9125.3212.130.67×106
Potassium chloride6071.4842.8913.780.98×106
Total3.50×106
Tab.2  Annual NE savings of digestate fertilizer
ItemQuantity/tEFi/(kgCO2·kg-1)CER/kg
Biogas1.07×103-0.75-8.03×105
Coal6.25×1022.281.43×106
Chemical fertilizers
Urea24.9111.382.83×105
Diammonium phosphate55.040.532.92×104
Potassium chloride71.480.443.15×104
Total CER9.71×105
Tab.3  Annual CO2 emission reduction through utilization of biogas and digestate fertilizer
ItemCCBiogasDigestate fertilizerCEBs
Household energyElectricityUreaDiammonium phosphatePotassium chlorideDEMAPCWCHLMC
Scenario 128.6543.125.4820.3620.7322.337.744.564.5310.868.38
Scenario 26.0228.6543.125.4820.3620.7322.337.744.564.5310.874.40
Scenario 328.6543.125.4820.3620.7322.337.744.564.5310.840.1528.23
Scenario 46.0228.6543.125.4820.3620.7322.337.744.564.5310.840.1534.25
Tab.4  Annual EBs of the farm biogas plant (unit: ×104 CNY)
ItemInputs/(×104 CNY)Outputs/(×104 CNY)O/I
Scenario 149.96118.342.37
Scenario 249.96124.362.49
Scenario 390.11118.341.31
Scenario 490.11124.361.38
Tab.5  Annual inputs and outputs for economic analysis with four scenarios
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