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Frontiers of Philosophy in China

Front. Philos. China    2015, Vol. 10 Issue (1) : 130-147
research-article |
Traces of the Person: Max Scheler’s and Paul Ricoeur’s Attempts on Personal Ethics
Annette Hilt()
Department of Philosophy, Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz, Mainz 55099, Germany
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To encounter a fellow-being does not mean only to see her face, to notice the color of her eyes, but to meet her eyes and to be addressed by her. Who one is irreducible to any objective property or value, and likewise cannot be comprehended through propositional statements in the manner of “talking about …” something. Rather, such comprehension demands an account of giving way to the appearance of the other as other. This account, prominently linked to E. Levinas’ “ethics as first philosophy,” has also been developed as phenomenological personalism. While Max Scheler developed his “Ethical Personalism” within his material Value Ethics, his Philosophy of Fellow-Feeling and in his late Philosophical Anthropology of human spirit, Paul Ricoeur develops his personalism through different approaches: from his early attempts on need and desire as the affective basis of our values to the perspective on the particular way we lead our lives in narratively constituting our personal identity, and finally to his concept of recognition. Reconstructing personalism as a philosophy of discovering the other person in her otherness and as a concept of social practice are the aims of this paper.

Keywords Scheler      Ricoeur      person      fellow-feeling      narrativity     
Issue Date: 23 March 2015
 Cite this article:   
Annette Hilt. Traces of the Person: Max Scheler’s and Paul Ricoeur’s Attempts on Personal Ethics[J]. Front. Philos. China, 2015, 10(1): 130-147.
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