Please wait a minute...

Frontiers of History in China

Front Hist Chin    2011, Vol. 6 Issue (1) : 26-52     https://doi.org/10.1007/s11462-011-0119-y
research-article |
Civil-Military Tensions during the Kangxi Emperor’s First Southern Tour
Michael G. Chang()
Department of History and Art History, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia 22030, USA
Download: PDF(715 KB)   HTML
Export: BibTeX | EndNote | Reference Manager | ProCite | RefWorks
Abstract

Starting with a court debate which broke out in the spring of 1684, this essay explores the multivalent symbolism of the Kangxi emperor’s first imperial tour to Shandong and Jiangsu provinces in the fall of 1684. Some courtiers advocated treating the Kangxi emperor’s touring activities as a rite of conquest, while others saw them as an exercise in sagely rule and benevolent civil governance. Here I suggest that this ritual controversy revealed a tension between civil and military values within the political culture of the Qing court. Furthermore, this ideological tension became most acute and apparent during the Kangxi emperor’s “eastern” and “southern” tours of 1684, when the imperial procession approached and crossed certain culturally and symbolically significant locations. As such, we are reminded that the legitimization of Qing rule was never fully complete, but was rather an open-ended and ongoing historical process.

Keywords the Qing dynasty      the Kangxi emperor      touring activities      the imperial court      political culture      civil-military values      ritual     
Corresponding Authors: Michael G. Chang,Email:mchang5@gmu.edu   
Issue Date: 05 March 2011
 Cite this article:   
Michael G. Chang. Civil-Military Tensions during the Kangxi Emperor’s First Southern Tour[J]. Front Hist Chin, 2011, 6(1): 26-52.
 URL:  
http://journal.hep.com.cn/fhc/EN/10.1007/s11462-011-0119-y
http://journal.hep.com.cn/fhc/EN/Y2011/V6/I1/26
Service
E-mail this article
E-mail Alert
RSS
Articles by authors
Michael G. Chang
Related articles from Frontiers Journals
[1] Hiu Yu Cheung. Ritual and Politics: An Examination of the 1072 Primal Ancestor Debate in the Northern Song[J]. Front. Hist. China, 2018, 13(3): 275-310.
[2] Lifeng Han. The Discourse of Fengsu in the Song Literati’s Writing: The Example of Boat Racing[J]. Front. Hist. China, 2018, 13(3): 311-329.
[3] Lee H. Yearley. Conflict, Order, Harmony: The Modern Meaning of the Confucian Tradition[J]. Front. Hist. China, 2017, 12(2): 155-180.
[4] Charlotte Cowden. Wedding Culture in 1930s Shanghai: Consumerism, Ritual, and the Municipality[J]. Front Hist Chin, 2012, 7(1): 61-89.
[5] Benjamin Elman. Early Modern or Late Imperial Philology? The Crisis of Classical Learning in Eighteenth Century China[J]. Front Hist Chin, 2011, 6(1): 3-25.
[6] Zhiping Chen. Merchant Lineage in Coastal Jinjiang, Quanzhou Prefecture during the Qing Dynasty[J]. Front Hist Chin, 2010, 5(3): 425-452.
[7] Qi Wu. The Cases of Caozheng and Social Order in the Localities in the Qing Empire—An Investigation Centers in the Lawsuit Filed by Kuang Guangwen over the Excessive Taxation*[J]. Front Hist Chin, 2010, 5(2): 217-252.
[8] ZHANG Xianqing, . The metaphor of illness: Medical culture in the dissemination of Catholicism in early Qing China[J]. Front. Hist. China, 2009, 4(4): 579-603.
[9] . Text and power: A study on local gazetteers of Wanzai County of Jiangxi Province from the Qing Dynasty to the Republic of China[J]. Front. Hist. China, 2009, 4(3): 426-459.
[10] HUANG Hongshan. The operation and modern development of Qiliu hospice during the Qing Dynasty in Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces[J]. Front Hist Chin, 2009, 4(2): 265-291.
[11] GUO Songyi. The Shanxi merchants in Beijing in the Qing Dynasty: An analysis based on 136 samples of merchants and their activities[J]. Front Hist Chin, 2009, 4(2): 165-182.
[12] QI Meiqin. The temporal characteristics of border trading along the Great Wall during the Qing Dynasty[J]. Front. Hist. China, 2008, 3(2): 230-262.
[13] LIU Pujiang. The end of the Five Virtues theory: Changes of traditional political culture in China since the Song Dynasty[J]. Front. Hist. China, 2007, 2(4): 513-546.
[14] Bao Weimin, Wu Zhengqiang. Behind the form: A historical analysis of the agriculture encouragement system in the Song dynasty[J]. Front. Hist. China, 2006, 1(3): 427-448.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed