Please wait a minute...

Frontiers of Engineering Management

Front. Eng    2019, Vol. 6 Issue (3) : 313-326     https://doi.org/10.1007/s42524-019-0049-9
REVIEW ARTICLE
Built environment and management: Exploring grand challenges and management issues in built environment
Liang WANG1, Xiaolong XUE2(), Rebecca J. YANG3, Xiaowei LUO4, Hongying ZHAO3
1. School of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China; School of Management, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China
2. School of Management, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China
3. School of Property, Construction and Project Management, RMIT University, Melbourne 3001, Australia
4. Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong 999077, China
Download: PDF(1090 KB)   HTML
Export: BibTeX | EndNote | Reference Manager | ProCite | RefWorks
Abstract

Engineering management research objects have gradually been transformed from micro-scale projects to macro-scale built environment. Built environment has driven the advancement of civilization through human history. From the Stone Age to the modern era, built environment, which refers to manmade surroundings, has provided the setting for human activities. Built environment has undergone developments and evolution processes as civilization grew. Today, technological advancements cause influences of built environment to encompass every aspect of life, as material, spatial and cultural products of the human labor force, which combines material factors and energy in a lively way of work and in forms. However, the concept of built environment remains unclear. Built environment faces a major challenge, such as the use of science and technology to solve key national and global issues. Thus, the definitions of built environment were systematically reviewed and summarized from different perspectives and levels to address these issues. The grand challenges of built environment, including climate change and energy consumption, urbanization and infrastructure construction, growth, and innovation, were summarized. Furthermore, the corresponding management issues and future development strategies were proposed to solve identified challenges of built environment.

Keywords built environment      innovation      sustainability      resilience      urbanization      digitalization      infrastructure     
Corresponding Author(s): Xiaolong XUE   
Just Accepted Date: 28 June 2019   Online First Date: 01 August 2019    Issue Date: 04 September 2019
 Cite this article:   
Liang WANG,Xiaolong XUE,Rebecca J. YANG, et al. Built environment and management: Exploring grand challenges and management issues in built environment[J]. Front. Eng, 2019, 6(3): 313-326.
 URL:  
http://journal.hep.com.cn/fem/EN/10.1007/s42524-019-0049-9
http://journal.hep.com.cn/fem/EN/Y2019/V6/I3/313
Service
E-mail this article
E-mail Alert
RSS
Articles by authors
Liang WANG
Xiaolong XUE
Rebecca J. YANG
Xiaowei LUO
Hongying ZHAO
Fig.1  Methodological framework.
Fig.2  Relationships between human society, human needs, and built environment.
Fig.3  World population, primary energy consumption, and CO2 emissions (reference year 1980) (unit: 1).
Fig.4  Energy consumption of G7 and BRICS countries.
Fig.5  US building energy consumption percentage.
Fig.6  Total and building energy consumption in the US from 1994 to 2014
Fig.7  Global building energy consumption outlook from 2013 to 2040.
Fig.8  Population growth ratio and percentage of urban population (reference year 1960).
Fig.9  Total length of rail line routes and change ratio of the US and China (reference year 1980).
Fig.10  World population and GDP growth.
Fig.11  Future development strategy of built environment.
1 M J Aboelata, L Mikkelsen, L Cohen, S Fernandes, M Silver, L F Parks (2004). The Built Environment and Health: 11 Profiles of Neighborhood Transformation. Oakland: Prevention Institute, 6–9
2 D Acemoglu (2008). Introduction to Modern Economic Growth. Princeton: Princeton University Press
3 D Amaratunga, R Haigh, C Malalgoda, K Keraminiyage (2017). Mainstreaming Disaster Resilience in the Construction Process: Professional Education for a Resilient Built Environment. Project Report. University of Huddersfield
4 H Arkin, M Paciuk (1997). Evaluating intelligent buildings according to level of service systems integration. Automation in Construction, 6(5–6): 471–479
5 J Atack, F Bateman, M Haines, R A Margo (2010). Did railroads induce or follow economic growth? Urbanization and population growth in the American Midwest, 1850–1860. Social Science History, 34(2): 171–197
6 R Attar, M Glueck, V Prabhu, A Khan (2010). 210 King Street: a dataset for integrated performance assessment. In: Proceedings of the 2010 Spring Simulation Multiconference (SpringSim’10), San Diego, USA
7 H Avetisyan, M Skibniewski, M Mozaffarpour (2017). Analyzing sustainability of construction equipment in the state of California. Frontiers of Engineering Management, 4(2): 138–145
8 B W Baetz, R M Korol (1995). Evaluating technical alternatives on basis of sustainability. Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice, 121(2): 102–107
9 H G Barkema, X P Chen, G George, Y D Luo, A S Tsui (2015). West meets east: new concepts and theories. Academy of Management Journal, 58(2): 460–479
10 U Berardi (2012). Sustainability assessment in the construction sector: rating systems and rated buildings. Sustainable Development, 20(6): 411–424
11 L M Bettencourt, J Lobo, D Helbing, C Kühnert, G B West (2007). Growth, innovation, scaling, and the pace of life in cities. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104(17): 7301–7306
12 W E Bijker (1997). Of Bicycles, Bakelites, and Bulbs: Toward a Theory of Sociotechnical Change. Cambridge: MIT Press
13 L Bosher, P Carrillo, A Dainty, J Glass, A Price (2007). Realising a resilient and sustainable built environment: towards a strategic agenda for the United Kingdom. Disasters, 31(3): 236–255
14 M Bowley (1960). Innovations in Building Materials: an Economic Study. London: Gerald Duckworth
15 M Bowley (1966). The British Building Industry: Four Studies in Response and Resitance to Change. London: Cambridge University Press
16 R E Brown, H L Willis (2006). The economics of aging infrastructure. IEEE Power & Energy Magazine, 4(3): 36–43
17 G H Brundtland (1987). Report of the world commission on environment and development: our common future. United Nations Documents
18 M Bruneau, A Reinhorn (2007). Exploring the concept of seismic resilience for acute care facilities. Earthquake Spectra, 23(1): 41–62
19 M Bruneau, S E Chang, R T Eguchi, G C Lee, T D O’Rourke, A M Reinhorn, M Shinozuka, K Tierney, W A Wallace, D von Winterfeldt (2003). A framework to quantitatively assess and enhance the seismic resilience of communities. Earthquake Spectra, 19(4): 733–752
20 S T Bushby (1997). BACnetTM: a standard communication infrastructure for intelligent buildings. Automation in Construction, 6(5–6): 529–540
21 A A Cannella Jr, C D Jones, M C Withers (2015). Family-versus lone-founder-controlled public corporations: social identity theory and boards of directors. Academy of Management Journal, 58(2): 436–459
22 C Carlson, S Aytur, K Gardner, S Rogers (2012). Complexity in built environment, health, and destination walking: a neighborhood-scale analysis. Journal of Urban Health, 89(2): 270–284
23 N Cawthon, A V Moere (2007). The effect of aesthetic on the usability of data visualization. In: Proceedings of the 11th IEEE International Conference Information Visualization (IV’07), Zurich, Switzerland: IEEE, 637–648
24 S E Chang, M Shinozuka (2004). Measuring improvements in the disaster resilience of communities. Earthquake Spectra, 20(3): 739–755
25 G Chen, R Chittoor, B Vissa (2015). Modernizing without westernizing: social structure and economic action in the Indian financial sector. Academy of Management Journal, 58(2): 511–537
26 H Chen, Q Su, S Zeng, D Sun, J J Shi (2018). Avoiding the innovation island in infrastructure mega-project. Frontiers of Engineering Management, 5(1): 109–124
27 Z Chen, D Clements-Croome, J Hong, H Li, Q Xu (2006). A multicriteria lifespan energy efficiency approach to intelligent building assessment. Energy and Building, 38(5): 393–409
28 C Couch (2016). Urban Planning: an Introduction. London: Red Globe Press
29 P Crane, A Kinzig (2005). Nature in the metropolis. Science, 308(5726): 1225
30 N Crowe (1997). Nature and the Idea of a Man-Made World: an Investigation into the Evolutionary Roots of Form and Order in the Built Environment. Cambridge: MIT Press
31 A Davies, P Tang, T Brady, M Hobday, H Rush, D Gann (2001). Integrated Solutions: the New Economy Between Manufacturing and Services. Brighton/London: SPRU/CENTRIM/Imperial College/EPSRC
32 M de Vries (1997). Smart structures and materials. Optical Engineering, 36(2): 616
33 L Ding, J Xu (2017). A review of metro construction in China: organization, market, cost, safety and schedule. Frontiers of Engineering Management, 4(1): 4–19
34 M Dodgson, D M Gann, A J Salter (2002). The intensification of innovation. International Journal of Innovation Management, 6(1): 53–83
35 M W Doyle, E H Stanley, D G Havlick, M J Kaiser, G Steinbach, W L Graf, G E Galloway, J A Riggsbee (2008). Aging infrastructure and ecosystem restoration. Science, 319(5861): 286–287
36 J Dulac (2013). Global Land Transport Infrastructure Requirements. Paris: International Energy Agency
37 Jr R B Ekelund, R F Hébert (2013). A History of Economic Theory and Method. 6th ed. Long Grave: Waveland Press
38 J Fulmer (2009). What in the world is infrastructure. PEI Infrastructure Investor, 1(4): 30–32
39 M Gandy (2005). Cyborg urbanization: complexity and monstrosity in the contemporary city. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 29(1): 26–49
40 D M Gann (2003). Guest editorial: innovation in the built environment. Construction Management and Economics, 21(6): 553–555
41 D M Gann, Y Wang, R Hawkins (1998). Do regulations encourage innovation? The case of energy efficiency in housing. Building Research and Information, 26(5): 280–296
42 H R Greve (2008). A behavioral theory of firm growth: sequential attention to size and performance goals. Academy of Management Journal, 51(3): 476–494
43 N J Habraken, J Teicher (2000). The Structure of the Ordinary: Form and Control in the Built Environment. Cambridge: MIT Press
44 A Z Hamedani, F Huber (2012). A comparative study of DGNB, LEED and BREEAM certificate systems in urban sustainability. In: Pacetti M, Passerini G, Brebbia C A, Latini G, eds. The Sustainable City VII: Urban Regeneration and Sustainability. Cambridge: MIT Press, 121–132
45 A Hargadon, R I Sutton (1997). Technology brokering and innovation in a product development firm. Administrative Science Quarterly, 42(4): 716–749
46 U Hassler, N Kohler (2014). Resilience in the built environment. Building Research and Information, 42(2): 119–129
47 H R Heinimann, K Hatfield (2017). Infrastructure resilience assessment, management and governance—state and perspectives. In: Linkov I, Palma-Oliveira J M, eds. Resilience and Risk. Dordrecht: Springer, 147–187
48 C S Holling (1973). Resilience and stability of ecological systems. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 4(1): 1–23
49 J Howard-Grenville, S J Buckle, B J Hoskins, G George (2014). Climate change and management. Academy of Management Journal, 57(3): 615–623
50 G Huang, J Wang, C Chen, C Guo, B Zhu (2017). System resilience enhancement: smart grid and beyond. Frontiers of Engineering Management, 4(3): 271–282
51 T P Hughes (2005). Human-Built World: How to Think About Technology and Culture. Chicago: University of Chicago Press
52 Q N Huy, K G Corley, M S Kraatz (2014). From support to mutiny: shifting legitimacy judgments and emotional reactions impacting the implementation of radical change. Academy of Management Journal, 57(6): 1650–1680
53 D A Jones, C R Willness, S Madey (2014). Why are job seekers attracted by corporate social performance? Experimental and field tests of three signal-based mechanisms. Academy of Management Journal, 57(2): 383–404
54 S Judd (2008). We shape our buildings, thereafter they shape us. Dementia, 7(2): 163–165
55 A Kaklauskas, E K Zavadskas, R Ditkevicius (2006). An intelligent tutoring system for construction and real estate management master degree studies. In: Luo Y, ed. Cooperative Design, Visualization and Engineering. Heidelberg: Springer, 174–181
56 A Kaklauskas, E K Zavadskas, J Naimavicienė, M Krutinis, V Plakys, D Venskus (2010). Model for a complex analysis of intelligent built environment. Automation in Construction, 19(3): 326–340
57 A Khan, K Hornbæk (2011). Big data from the built environment. In: Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on Research in the Large, Beijing, China: ACM
58 C J Kibert (1999). Reshaping the Built Environment: Ecology, Ethics, and Economics. Washington DC: Island Press
59 H W Kua, S E Lee (2002). Demonstration intelligent building: a methodology for the promotion of total sustainability in the built environment. Building and Environment, 37(3): 231–240
60 S W Kwon, P S Adler (2014). Social capital: maturation of a field of research. Academy of Management Review, 39(4): 412–422
61 W F Laurance, G R Clements, S Sloan, C S O’Connell, N D Mueller, M Goosem, O Venter, D P Edwards, B Phalan, A Balmford, R Van Der Ree, I B Arrea (2014). A global strategy for road building. Nature, 513(7517): 229–232
62 W L Lee (2012). Benchmarking energy use of building environmental assessment schemes. Energy and Building, 45: 326–334
63 R E Levitt (2007). CEM research for the next 50 years: maximizing economic, environmental, and societal value of the built environment. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 133(9): 619–628
64 P Lewis (1979). Axioms for reading the landscape. Interpretation of Ordinary Landscapes, 23: 167–187
65 B Liddle (2014). Impact of population, age structure, and urbanization on carbon emissions/energy consumption: evidence from macro-level, cross-country analyses. Population and Environment, 35(3): 286–304
66 H Lin, S Zeng, S Ge, Y Chen (2017). Can the bullet train speed up climate change mitigation in China? Frontiers of Engineering Management, 4(1): 104–105
67 W Ling (2015). Exploration and practice in systems engineering management of large coal-based integrated energy projects of Shenhua. Frontiers of Engineering Management, 2(2): 173–177
68 W Ling (2016). Synergetic management theory for coal-based energy engineering and the engineering practice of Shenhua. Frontiers of Engineering Management, 3(1): 1–8
69 Y H Mao, H Y Li, Q R Xu (2015). The mode of urban renewal base on the smart city theory under the background of new urbanization. Frontiers of Engineering Management, 2(3): 261–265
70 J G March (1991). Exploration and exploitation in organizational learning. Organization Science, 2(1): 71–87
71 C Marquis, Z Huang (2010). Acquisitions as exaptation: the legacy of founding institutions in the US commercial banking industry. Academy of Management Journal, 53(6): 1441–1473
72 A H Maslow (1943). A theory of human motivation. Psychological Review, 50(4): 370–396
73 W R McClure, T J Bartuska (2011). The Built Environment: a Collaborative Inquiry into Design and Planning. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons
74 B Medjdoub, M L Chalal (2017). Impact of household transitions on domestic energy consumption and its applicability to urban energy planning. Frontiers of Engineering Management, 4(2): 171–183
75 C E Ochoa, I G Capeluto (2008). Strategic decision-making for intelligent buildings: comparative impact of passive design strategies and active features in a hot climate. Building and Environment, 43(11): 1829–1839
76 A M Omer (2008). Renewable building energy systems and passive human comfort solutions. Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, 12(6): 1562–1587
77 A O’sullivan, S M Sheffrin (2003). Economics: Principles in Action. Upper Saddle River: Pearson Prentice Hall
78 S Pauleit, F Duhme (2000). Assessing the environmental performance of land cover types for urban planning. Landscape and Urban Planning, 52(1): 1–20
79 E T Penrose (1959). The Theory of the Growth of the Firm. Oxford: Oxford University Press
80 W Perry, A Broers, F El-Baz, W Harris, B Healy, W D Hillis (2008). Grand Challenges for Engineering. Washington DC: National Academy of Engineering
81 L Pérez-Lombard, J Ortiz, C Pout (2008). A review on buildings energy consumption information. Energy and Building, 40(3): 394–398
82 S P Philbin (2015). Applying an integrated systems perspective to the management of engineering projects. Frontiers of Engineering Management, 2(1): 19–30
83 T J Pinch, W E Bijker (1984). The social construction of facts and artefacts: or how the sociology of science and the sociology of technology might benefit each other. Social Studies of Science, 14(3): 399–441
84 J Reinecke, S Ansari (2015). When times collide: temporal brokerage at the intersection of markets and developments. Academy of Management Journal, 58(2): 618–648
85 A Renalds, T H Smith, P J Hale (2010). A systematic review of built environment and health. Family & Community Health, 33(1): 68–78
86 E M Rogers (2010). Diffusion of Innovations. 4th ed. New York: Simon and Schuster
87 K Roof, N Oleru (2008). Public health: Seattle and King County’s push for the built environment. Journal of Environmental Health, 71(1): 24–27
88 H R Sahely, C A Kennedy, B J Adams (2005). Developing sustainability criteria for urban infrastructure systems. Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, 32(1): 72–85
89 I H S Sawalha (2015). Managing adversity: understanding some dimensions of organizational resilience. Management Research Review, 38(4): 346–366
90 J A Schumpeter (1982). The Theory of Economic Development: an Inquiry into Profits, Capital, Credit, Interest, and the Business Cycle. Piscataway: Transaction Publishers
91 H Shah, W Nowocin (2015). Yesterday, today and future of the engineering management body of knowledge. Frontiers of Engineering Management, 2(1): 60–63
92 J J Shi, S Zeng, X Meng (2017). Intelligent data analytics is here to change engineering management. Frontiers of Engineering Management, 4(1): 41–48
93 M Shipworth, S K Firth, M I Gentry, A J Wright, D T Shipworth, K J Lomas (2010). Central heating thermostat settings and timing: building demographics. Building Research and Information, 38(1): 50–69
94 B Shneiderman (2008). Extreme visualization: squeezing a billion records into a million pixels. In: Proceedings of the 2008 ACM SIGMOD International Conference on Management of Data, Vancouver, Canada: ACM
95 H W Spiegel (1991). The Growth of Economic Thought. Durham: Duke University Press
96 N Stern, S Peters, V Bakhshi (2006). Stern Review: the Economics of Climate Change. London: HM Treasury
97 J Q Tang, H R Heinimann (2018). A resilience-oriented approach for quantitatively assessing recurrent spatial-temporal congestion on urban roads. PLoS One, 13(1): e0190616
98 The World Bank (2015). World Bank Open Data. The World Bank Group
99 A M Townsend (2013). Smart Cities: Big Data, Civic Hackers, and the Quest for a New Utopia. New York: W. W. Norton & Company
100 US Energy Information Administration (2015). Annual Energy Outlook 2015. US Energy Information Administration
101 E von Hippel, R Katz (2002). Shifting innovation to users via toolkits. Management Science, 48(7): 821–833
102 C Wang, S Rodan, M Fruin, X Xu (2014). Knowledge networks, collaboration networks, and exploratory innovation. Academy of Management Journal, 57(2): 484–514
103 S H M Wang (2016). Sustainable program quality management of international infrastructure construction. Frontiers of Engineering Management, 3(3): 239–245
104 S Wang, W Gang (2017). Design and control optimization of energy systems of smart buildings today and in the near future. Frontiers of Engineering Management, 4(1): 58–66
105 V Whitford, A R Ennos, J F Handley (2001). “City form and natural process”—indicators for the ecological performance of urban areas and their application to Merseyside, UK. Landscape and Urban Planning, 57(2): 91–103
106 J Whyte, M Sexton (2011). Motivations for innovation in the built environment: new directions for research. Building Research and Information, 39(5): 473–482
107 W H Wilson (1994). The City Beautiful Movement. Baltimore: JHU Press
108 J K Wong, H Li, S W Wang (2005). Intelligent building research: a review. Automation in Construction, 14(1): 143–159
109 G Woodgate, M Redclift (1998). From a ‘sociology of nature’ to environmental sociology: beyond social construction. Environmental Values, 7(1): 3–24
110 J Wu, Y Zhou, K Aberer, K L Tan (2009). Towards integrated and efficient scientific sensor data processing: a database approach. In: Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Extending Database Technology: Advances in Database Technology, Saint Petersburg: ACM
111 D A Wyrick, W Myers (2016). Strategic project management to use the grand challenge scholars program to address urban infrastructure. Frontiers of Engineering Management, 3(3): 203–205
112 H Yang, Y Zheng, A Zaheer (2015). Asymmetric learning capabilities and stock market returns. Academy of Management Journal, 58(2): 356–374
113 B Z Zhang, H D Guo, C X Yang, L Wang (2016). Research on evaluating the efficiency of the project financing of the energy service company. Frontiers of Engineering Management, 3(3): 252–257
114 Y Zhao, S Q Wang, K C Zhu (2015). Green innovation for urban traffic. Frontiers of Engineering Management, 2(1): 35–38
115 S Zielinski (2007). New mobility: the next generation of sustainable urban transportation. Bridge, 36(4): 33–38
116 P X Zou, M Alam, V M Phung, D Wagle, R Stewart, E Bertone, O Sahin, C Buntine (2017). Achieving energy efficiency in government buildings through mandatory policy and program enforcement. Frontiers of Engineering Management, 4(1): 92–103
Related articles from Frontiers Journals
[1] Jin CHEN, Ximing YIN, Jizhen LI. Firm innovation system: Paths for enhancing corporate indigenous innovation capability[J]. Front. Eng, 2020, 7(3): 404-412.
[2] Shuai LI, Da HU, Jiannan CAI, Hubo CAI. Real option-based optimization for financial incentive allocation in infrastructure projects under public–private partnerships[J]. Front. Eng, 2020, 7(3): 413-425.
[3] Xiaohong CHEN. The development trend and practical innovation of smart cities under the integration of new technologies[J]. Front. Eng, 2019, 6(4): 485-502.
[4] Sarah M. L. HUBBARD, Bryan HUBBARD. A review of sustainability metrics for the construction and operation of airport and roadway infrastructure[J]. Front. Eng, 2019, 6(3): 433-452.
[5] Ming LU, Nicolas DIAZ, Monjurul HASAN. Proposing a “lean and green” framework for equipment cost analysis in construction[J]. Front. Eng, 2019, 6(3): 384-394.
[6] Lizzette PÉREZ LESPIER, Suzanna LONG, Tom SHOBERG, Steven CORNS. A model for the evaluation of environmental impact indicators for a sustainable maritime transportation systems[J]. Front. Eng, 2019, 6(3): 368-383.
[7] Guo LIU, Kunhui YE. Interactive effects of high-speed rail on nodal zones in a city: Exploratory study on China[J]. Front. Eng, 2019, 6(3): 327-335.
[8] Bing WANG, Qingbin CUI, Shuibo ZHANG. Evaluation of the contract reliability for alternative infrastructure project delivery: a contract engineering method[J]. Front. Eng, 2019, 6(2): 239-248.
[9] Peter B. MEYER, Reimund SCHWARZE. Financing climate-resilient infrastructure: Determining risk, reward, and return on investment[J]. Front. Eng, 2019, 6(1): 117-127.
[10] Bo MENG, Nan LI, Dongping FANG. Attributes, challenges and future directions of community resilience[J]. Front. Eng, 2018, 5(3): 307-323.
[11] Hongquan CHEN, Quanke SU, Saixing ZENG, Daxin SUN, Jonathan Jingsheng SHI. Avoiding the innovation island in infrastructure mega-project[J]. Front. Eng, 2018, 5(1): 109-124.
[12] Zheming LIU, Liangyan WANG, Zhaohan SHENG, Xinglin GAO. Social responsibility in infrastructure mega-projects: A case study of ecological compensation for Sousa chinensis during the construction of the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge[J]. Front. Eng, 2018, 5(1): 98-108.
[13] Albert P.C. CHAN, Robert OSEI-KYEI, Yi HU, Yun LE. A fuzzy model for assessing the risk exposure of procuring infrastructure mega-projects through public-private partnership: The case of Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge[J]. Front. Eng, 2018, 5(1): 64-77.
[14] Yi HU, Yun LE, Xinglin GAO, Yongkui LI, Mingqiang LIU. Grasping institutional complexity in infrastructure mega-projects through the multi-level governance system: A case study of the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge construction[J]. Front. Eng, 2018, 5(1): 52-63.
[15] Zebin ZHAO, Xiaolong XUE, Xinglin GAO, Gang LIU, Hengqin WU. Coupling and evolution mechanism of infrastructure mega-projects complex ecosystem: Case study on Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge[J]. Front. Eng, 2018, 5(1): 17-29.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed