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Frontiers of Engineering Management

Front. Eng    2019, Vol. 6 Issue (3) : 313-326
Built environment and management: Exploring grand challenges and management issues in built environment
Liang WANG1, Xiaolong XUE2(), Rebecca J. YANG3, Xiaowei LUO4, Hongying ZHAO3
1. School of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China; School of Management, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China
2. School of Management, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China
3. School of Property, Construction and Project Management, RMIT University, Melbourne 3001, Australia
4. Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong 999077, China
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Engineering management research objects have gradually been transformed from micro-scale projects to macro-scale built environment. Built environment has driven the advancement of civilization through human history. From the Stone Age to the modern era, built environment, which refers to manmade surroundings, has provided the setting for human activities. Built environment has undergone developments and evolution processes as civilization grew. Today, technological advancements cause influences of built environment to encompass every aspect of life, as material, spatial and cultural products of the human labor force, which combines material factors and energy in a lively way of work and in forms. However, the concept of built environment remains unclear. Built environment faces a major challenge, such as the use of science and technology to solve key national and global issues. Thus, the definitions of built environment were systematically reviewed and summarized from different perspectives and levels to address these issues. The grand challenges of built environment, including climate change and energy consumption, urbanization and infrastructure construction, growth, and innovation, were summarized. Furthermore, the corresponding management issues and future development strategies were proposed to solve identified challenges of built environment.

Keywords built environment      innovation      sustainability      resilience      urbanization      digitalization      infrastructure     
Corresponding Author(s): Xiaolong XUE   
Just Accepted Date: 28 June 2019   Online First Date: 01 August 2019    Issue Date: 04 September 2019
 Cite this article:   
Liang WANG,Xiaolong XUE,Rebecca J. YANG, et al. Built environment and management: Exploring grand challenges and management issues in built environment[J]. Front. Eng, 2019, 6(3): 313-326.
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Liang WANG
Xiaolong XUE
Rebecca J. YANG
Xiaowei LUO
Hongying ZHAO
Fig.1  Methodological framework.
Fig.2  Relationships between human society, human needs, and built environment.
Fig.3  World population, primary energy consumption, and CO2 emissions (reference year 1980) (unit: 1).
Fig.4  Energy consumption of G7 and BRICS countries.
Fig.5  US building energy consumption percentage.
Fig.6  Total and building energy consumption in the US from 1994 to 2014
Fig.7  Global building energy consumption outlook from 2013 to 2040.
Fig.8  Population growth ratio and percentage of urban population (reference year 1960).
Fig.9  Total length of rail line routes and change ratio of the US and China (reference year 1980).
Fig.10  World population and GDP growth.
Fig.11  Future development strategy of built environment.
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