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Frontiers of Engineering Management

Front. Eng
RESEARCH ARTICLE
Identifying stakeholders’ roles and relevant project documents for 4D-based collaborative decision making
Veronika BOLSHAKOVA1(), Annie GUERRIERO2, Gilles HALIN3
1. UMR n°3495 MAP-CRAI Mixed Research Unit Models and Simulations for Architecture and Heritage-Research Centre in Architecture and Engineering, Nancy 54000, France; CNRS—The National Centre for Scientific Research, Paris 75794, France
2. LIST—Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology, Esch-sur-Alzette L-4362, Luxemburg
3. UMR n°3495 MAP-CRAI Mixed Research Unit Models and Simulations for Architecture and Heritage-Research Centre in Architecture and Engineering, Nancy 54000, France; University of Lorraine, Nancy 54000, France
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Abstract

To fully understand and effectively implement 4D building information modelling (BIM) models and methods, we need to develop a precise knowledge of which project digital documents should be used and how they influence the decision-making (DM) process. This article studies the convergence between uses of 4D BIM and digital project documents. We hypothesize that a clear visualization of the construction simulation through a 4D model is a useful source of information and a support for DM at collaborative meetings. Through this research, we continue to progress toward a new 4D-based collective decision device, so these elements will contribute to propose 4D BIM as DM support on architecture engineering construction (AEC) projects. Further, the present research will be complemented by results from questionnaires given at a later research stage. The article presents a brief review of BIM context to consider ways of fostering the implementation of all 4D BIM uses (not only visualization). It then introduces a proposition for 4D BIM uses implementation by the project development phase. It concludes by summarizing stakeholders’ roles and documents relevant to 4D BIM uses.

Keywords BIM      4D BIM      4D BIM use      AEC project management      collaboration      decision making     
Corresponding Authors: Veronika BOLSHAKOVA   
Just Accepted Date: 17 May 2019   Online First Date: 18 June 2019   
 Cite this article:   
Veronika BOLSHAKOVA,Annie GUERRIERO,Gilles HALIN. Identifying stakeholders’ roles and relevant project documents for 4D-based collaborative decision making[J]. Front. Eng, 18 June 2019. [Epub ahead of print] doi: 10.1007/s42524-019-0041-4.
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http://journal.hep.com.cn/fem/EN/10.1007/s42524-019-0041-4
http://journal.hep.com.cn/fem/EN/Y/V/I/0
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Veronika BOLSHAKOVA
Annie GUERRIERO
Gilles HALIN
Fig.1  Summary of methodology steps for decision-making support proposition (v.2 extended)
Fig.2  Project complexity influences schema
Fig.3  Dimensions and data concepts as parts of 4D model
Fig.4  Time and design management elements sequence for project development
Fig.5  Project phases and model LOD, 4D BIM use potential introduction
4D BIM use Stakeholders
Client Construction manager BIM manager Architect Civil structural engineer MEP engineer Contractor Safety manager Workers Manufacture supplies Building surveyor Quantity surveyor Facility manager
Design phase—approximate LOD
Scheduling
Forecast construction phases & sequencing - RV - - RC - - RV - RV - RV - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- - - PE - - PP - - - PP - - PE - - - - - PE - - - PE - -
Optimize the construction schedule - - - - RC - - RV - RV - RV - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- PR - PE - - PP - PP - PP - - PE - - - - - - - - - - - -
Clash detection
Detect spatio-temporal conflicts - - - - RC - - RV - RV - RV - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- - - PE - - PP - PP - PP - - PE - - - - - - - - - - - -
Detect static and dynamic conflicts - - - - RC - - RV - RV - RV - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- - - PE - - PP - PP - PP - - PE - - - - - - - - - - - -
Pre-construction phase—precise LOD
Scheduling
Forecast construction phases & sequencing - RV RC - RC - - RV - RV - RV RC - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- - PP - - - PP - PP - PP - PP - PR - PR - - - PR - PE - - -
Optimize the construction schedule - - RC - RC - - RV - RV - RV RC - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- - PP - - - PE - PE - PE - PP - PR - PR - PR - PR - PE - - -
Clash detection
Detect spatio-temporal conflicts - - - - RC - - RV - RV - RV - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- - PP PE - - PP - PP - PP - PP PR PE - - - - - - PE - - - -
Detect static and dynamic conflicts - - - - RC - - RV - RV - RV - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- - PP PE - - PP - PP - PP - PP PR PE - - - - - - PE - - - -
Safety management
Analyze structural safety issues - RV - - RC - - - - - - - - RV RC - - - - - - - - - - -
- - PP PE - - PP PE PP PE PP PE PP - - PE PR - - - - - - - - -
Identify safety issues - RV - - RC - - - - - - - - RV RC - - - - - - - - - - -
- - PP PE - - PP PR PP PR PP PR PP - - PE - PR - PE - - - - - -
Constructability management
Design temporary works - - RC - RC - - - - - - - - RV - RV - - - - - - - - - -
- - PP - - - PP PE PP PE PP PE PP - PE - - - PE - - - PE - - -
Test different construction alternatives - - RC - RC - - RV - RV - RV - RV - - - - - - - - - - - -
- PE PP - - - - PE - PE - PE PP - PE - - - - - - - PE - - -
Optimize interfaces management - - RC - RC - - - - - - - RV - RV - - - - - - - - - - -
- - PP - - - PP - PP - PP - PP - PE - - - PE - - - - - - -
Site lay-out & environment management
Anticipate environment conflicts - - RC - RC - - - - - - - RV - - - - - - - - - - - -
- - PP - - - PP PE PP PE PP PE PP - PR - - - PE - - - PE - - -
Forecast onsite conflicts & coordinate - - RC - RC - - - - - - - - RV - - - - - - - - - - - -
- - PP - - - PP PE PP PE PP PE PP - PR - PR - PE - - - - - - -
Adjust the schedule during the construction - - RC - RC - - - - - - - - RV - - - - - - - - - - - -
- PR PP - - - PP PE PP PE PP PE PP - - - PR - PE - - - - - - -
Construction phase—detailed LOD
Safety management
Analyze structural safety issues - RV - - RC - - - - - - - - RV RC - - - - - - - - - - -
- - PP PE - - PP - PP PE PP PE PP - PP - PR - - - - - - - PR -
Identify safety issues - RV - - RC - - - - - - - - RV RC - - - - - - - - - - -
- - PP PE - - - - PP PE PP PE PP - PP - PR - - - - - - - PR -
Constructability management
Design temporary works - - RC - RC - - - - - - - RC - RV - - - - - - - - - - -
- - PP - - - PP PE PP PE PP PE PP - - - PE - PE - - - - - PR -
Test different construction alternatives - - RC - RC - - - - - - - RC - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- PE PP - - - PP PE PP PE PP PE PP - PE - - - - - - - PE - - -
Optimize interfaces management - - RC - RC - - - - - - - RC - RV - - - - - - - - - - -
PP - - - PP - PP - PP - PP - PE - - - PE - - - - - - -
Site lay-out & environment management
Anticipate environment conflicts - - RC - RC - - - - - - - RC - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- - PP - - - PP - PP - PP - PP - - PE PR - - PE - - - PE PR -
Forecast onsite conflicts & coordinate - - RC - RC - - - - - - - RC - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- - PP - - - PP - PP - PP - PP - - PE PR - PR - - - - - - -
Adjust the schedule during the construction - - RC - RC - - - - - - - RC - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- PR PP - - - PP PE PP PE PP PE PP - - PE PR - PR - - - - - - -
Monitoring
Give short term goals to construction team - RV RC - RC - - - - - - - RC - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- PE PP - - PE PP PE PP PE PP PE PP - - PE PR - PR - - PE - - - -
Record progress & compare to schedule - RV RC - RC - - - - - - - RC - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- PE PP - - PE PP PE PP PE PP PE PP - PR - PR - PR - PR - - PE PR -
Adjust the schedule during the construction - RV RC - RC - - - - - - - RC - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- PE PP - - PE PP - PP - PP - PP - PR - PR - PE - PR - - - - -
Tab.1  4D BIM uses and stakeholders operating roles and influences
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