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Frontiers of Economics in China

Front. Econ. China    2019, Vol. 14 Issue (1) : 110-130     https://doi.org/10.3868/s060-008-019-0007-9
REGULAR ARTICLE
Export Performance of China: A Constant Market Share Analysis
Nidhi Bagaria1(), Saba Ismail2()
1. Department of Economics, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi-110025, India
2. Department of Economics, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi-110025, India
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Abstract

In the light of the fact that there has been substantial growth in China’s exports in last three decades, particularly after China joined the WTO in 2001, this article investigates the major sources of China’s export performance during 2002–2014 by using the constant market share (CMS) model. In this study, exports are further decomposed in three categories based on their technological intensity using Lall (2000) classification on 3 digit SITC Revision-3 data provided by UN Comtrade via WITS database. The categories are high technology, medium technology and low technology. It is found that growth of China’s exports has, moreover, remained above world exports growth in all three categories during the period of study. The analysis reveals that export performance is mainly attributed to its competitive strength in the global market, though decreasing trend has been observed in the competitiveness of all three categories. Increasing cost of labor and appreciating RMB could be the causes behind decreasing competitiveness of Chinese exports. Product structure effect, on an average, has turned out to be negative in all the categories which is the most disturbing aspect of China’s export performance. On the other hand, geographical structure effect has positive impact on export performance of high-technology based exports whereas it has negative impact on export performance of low-technology and medium-technology based exports. China being the world’s largest exporter, decreasing competitiveness and wrong product structure effect could adversely influence its export performance in particular and its growth in general.

Keywords constant market share (CMS)      China’s share in world exports      export performance      market share effect      product structure effect      geographical structure effect      competitiveness      hi-tech     
Issue Date: 16 April 2019
 Cite this article:   
Nidhi Bagaria,Saba Ismail. Export Performance of China: A Constant Market Share Analysis[J]. Front. Econ. China, 2019, 14(1): 110-130.
 URL:  
http://journal.hep.com.cn/fec/EN/10.3868/s060-008-019-0007-9
http://journal.hep.com.cn/fec/EN/Y2019/V14/I1/110
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