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中国工程科学    2016, Vol. 18 Issue (1) : 56-64     https://doi.org/10.15302/J-SSCAE-2016.01.008
论文
中国农业资源与环境可持续发展战略研究
李文华1,成升魁1,梅旭荣2,刘某承1,洪传春3
1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101;2.中国农业科学院,北京 100081;3.东北大学工商管理学院,沈阳 110004
Study on Strategies for the Sustainable Development of China’s Agricultural Resources and Environment
Li Wenhua1,Cheng Shengkui1,Mei Xurong2,Liu Moucheng1,Hong Chuanchun3
1.Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;2.Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China;3.School of Business Administration, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110004, China
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摘要 农业资源与生态环境是保障粮食安全的基础,当前,中国农业资源与生态环境主要面临三方面的问题:第一,由于播种面积减少、耕地质量下降和空间格局变化造成我国耕地资源对粮食生产的后续支撑能力不足;第二,“水减粮增”矛盾突出和“北粮南运”难以为继;第三,农业生态环境恶化、农业生态系统服务功能难以充分发挥。为解决这些问题,需要实施现代高效生态农业战略、粮食生产区再平衡战略和贸易替代战略。基于此提出了相应的政策建议。
关键词 耕地资源水资源农业生态环境生态系统服务功能生态补偿    
Abstract:Food security is based on the agricultural resources and environment. At present, China’s agricultural resources and environment have been faced with three problems. First, due to the shrinking of sown areas and the quality reduction and spatial pattern changes of cultivated land, China’s cultivated land resource cannot provide sustainable support for its food production. Second, the contradiction between “the increasing grain demand and the decreasing water resource” has become obvious and the “north-to-south grain transfer” has been increasingly difficult. Third, the agricultural eco-environment has deteriorated and the service function of the agricultural ecosystem cannot be brought into full play. To solve these problems, we should implement the efficient modern ecological agriculture strategy, rebalancing strategy in the grain production area and the trade substitution strategy. Based on these strategies, relevant policy suggestions are also put forward.
Keywords cultivated land resource      water resource      agricultural resource and eco-environment      ecosystem services      eco-compensation     
PACS:  F205  
基金资助:中国工程院重大咨询项目“国家食物安全可持续发展战略研究”(2013-ZD-7)
通讯作者: 通讯作者: 李文华, Email:中国农业资源与环境可持续发展战略研究   
发布日期: 2016-01-20
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Li Wenhua1
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引用本文:   
Li Wenhua1,Cheng Shengkui,Mei Xurong, et al. Study on Strategies for the Sustainable Development of China’s Agricultural Resources and Environment[J]. Chinese Journal of Engineering Science, 2016, 18(1): 56-64.
网址:  
https://journal.hep.com.cn/sscae/EN/10.15302/J-SSCAE-2016.01.008     OR     https://journal.hep.com.cn/sscae/EN/Y2016/V18/I1/56
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