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Landscape Architecture Frontiers

Landsc. Archit. Front.    2018, Vol. 6 Issue (4) : 98-113     https://doi.org/10.15302/J-LAF-20180410
THEMATIC PRACTICES |
RESILIENT IMAGINARIES: SOCIO-ECOLOGICAL URBAN DESIGN IN METRO MANILA, THE PHILIPPINES
Stephen F. GRAY(), Mary Anne OCAMPO
48 Quincy Street, Gund Hall, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
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Abstract

Despite broad interest in the subject of urban resilience, the discourse remains largely siloed by discipline. With Metro Manila as a backdrop, this essay addresses gaps in resilience literature and practice by introducing a social-ecological urban design concept of resilience, defined here as: The ability for overlapping place-based and sector-specific networks, systems, and communities that operate across temporal and spatial scales to anticipate and absorb disturbances such that they can transition into more socially, ecologically, and spatially equitable states. This concept bridges natural, human, and spatial systems and is empirically grounded in historical research, field observations, and interviews. In response to programs which emphasize out-of-city relocation to reduce vulnerability, authors propose three principles of urban resilience that instead emphasize social equity and ecological harmony through the spatial integration of formal and informal communities. These principles include: design with nature, not against it; support a shared economy; and break down development silos.

Keywords Resilience      Socio-Ecological      Urban Design      Informality      Metro Manila     
Corresponding Authors: Stephen F. GRAY   
Issue Date: 09 October 2018
 Cite this article:   
Stephen F. GRAY,Mary Anne OCAMPO. RESILIENT IMAGINARIES: SOCIO-ECOLOGICAL URBAN DESIGN IN METRO MANILA, THE PHILIPPINES[J]. Landsc. Archit. Front., 2018, 6(4): 98-113.
 URL:  
http://journal.hep.com.cn/laf/EN/10.15302/J-LAF-20180410
http://journal.hep.com.cn/laf/EN/Y2018/V6/I4/98
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