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Landscape Architecture Frontiers

Landsc. Archit. Front.    2017, Vol. 5 Issue (1) : 8-21     https://doi.org/10.15302/J-LAF-20170102
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Multi-Functional Dike-Pond SYSTEM Adaptive to Water Level Change: Application of Pond-Based Ecological Wisdom in Ecological Restoration of the Hydro-Fluctuation Belt of the Three Gorges Reservoir
Xingzhong YUAN1,Chunlan DU2,Jia YUAN3
1. Professor and Doctoral Supervisor of College of Resources and Environmental Science, Research Center of Mountainous Townscape and Ecological Restoration, Chongqing University
2. Professor and Doctoral Supervisor of Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Chongqing University
3. Doctor of Department of Landscape, the University of Sheffield
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Abstract

There are many ponds with different sizes and shapes in nature, providing a variety of ecological services. In the era of traditional farming, people created pond systems with ecological wisdom, such as Beitang ponds, multi-pond system, mulberry-based dike fish pond, etc., which perform ecological functions including water storage, stormwater regulation, pollution purification, micro-climate adjustment, and habitat provision. Due to global climate change and human interference, problems such as the surface water shortage, water pollution and water ecosystem destruction are becoming more and more serious. To deal with the changing environment, restore ecology, and construct landscape effectively, we not only could be inspired by the natural pond system, but also need to learn from the traditional cultural heritage, such as the ecological wisdom of the various pond systems. The multi-functional dike pond system plays an important role in dealing with the environmental changes and optimizing the ecological services. On the basis of clarifying the composition, structure and function of ponds in nature, this article explores the ecological wisdom of the pond systems in traditional villages, taking the design and practices of the Three Gorges Reservoir as an example to discuss the application of the multi-functional dike pond in the ecological restoration and landscape optimization of the hydro-fluctuation belt with seasonal water level fluctuation.

Keywords Ponds      Ecological Wisdom      Multi-Functional Dike-Pond System      Hydro-Fluctuation Belt      The Three Gorges Reservoir     
Issue Date: 06 April 2017
 Cite this article:   
Xingzhong YUAN,Chunlan DU,Jia YUAN. Multi-Functional Dike-Pond SYSTEM Adaptive to Water Level Change: Application of Pond-Based Ecological Wisdom in Ecological Restoration of the Hydro-Fluctuation Belt of the Three Gorges Reservoir[J]. Landsc. Archit. Front., 2017, 5(1): 8-21.
 URL:  
http://journal.hep.com.cn/laf/EN/10.15302/J-LAF-20170102
http://journal.hep.com.cn/laf/EN/Y2017/V5/I1/8
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Xingzhong YUAN
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