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Journal of Translational Neuroscience    2016, Vol. 1 Issue (1) : 27-31     DOI: 10.3868/j.issn.2096-0689.01.004
Review |
Advancements in pathogenesis studies of Rasmussen's encephalitis
Sichang Chen1,2,3, Shuai Chen1,2,3, Yuguang Guan1,2,3, Xueling Qi1,2, Guoming Luan1,2,3*
1. Department of Neurosurgery,Beijing Sanbo Brain Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijng 100093, China;
2. Beijing Key Labartory of Epilepsy, Beijing 100093, China;
3. Center of Epilepsy,Beijing Institute for Brain Disorders, Beijing 100069, China
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Abstract Rasmussen's encephalitis (RE), which was first described by Rasmussen in 1958, is a rare, dispersed, and progressive neurological syndrome that is characterized by focal epilepsy, unilateral inflammation of the cerebral cortex, progressive hemiplegia and cognitive deterioration. The etiology of this syndrome remains under investigation, and it is hypothesized and widely accepted that RE is a T-cell-mediated autoimmune response. However, the antigenic epitopes and mechanisms are still unknown. The pathological characteristics of RE are cortical inflammation, neuronal loss, and gliosis that are confined to one cerebral hemisphere. Hemispherectomy remains the only cure for the seizures and cognitive deterioration associated with the disease, but this procedure results in inevitable functional loss in the brain. Compared with surgery, immunomodulatory treatments are expected to cause less neurological deficits, but with limited clinical effect.
Keywords Rasmussen’s encephalitis(RE)      seizures      neuron degeneration      autoantibodies      T-cell cytotoxicity     
Corresponding Authors: *Guoming Luan,   
Issue Date: 14 October 2016
 Cite this article:   
Sichang Chen,Yuguang Guan,Xueling Qi, et al. Advancements in pathogenesis studies of Rasmussen's encephalitis[J]. Journal of Translational Neuroscience, 2016, 1(1): 27-31.
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