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Frontiers of Structural and Civil Engineering

Front. Struct. Civ. Eng.    2020, Vol. 14 Issue (3) : 623-631     https://doi.org/10.1007/s11709-020-0616-5
RESEARCH ARTICLE
Mechanical responses of pristine and defective hexagonal boron-nitride nanosheets: A molecular dynamics investigation
Mohammad SALAVATI(), Arvin MOJAHEDIN, Ali Hossein Nezhad SHIRAZI
Institute of Structural Mechanics, Bauhaus-Universität Weimar, Weimar D-99423, Germany
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Abstract

In this work we conducted classical molecular dynamics (MD) simulation to investigate the mechanical characteristics and failure mechanism of hexagonal boron-nitride (h-BN) nanosheets. Pristine and defective structure of h-BN nanosheets were considered under the uniaxial tensile loadings at various temperatures. The defective structure contains three types of the most common initial defects in engineering materials that are known as cracks, notches (with various length/size), and point vacancy defects (with a wide range of concentration). MD simulation results demonstrate a high load-bearing capacity of extremely defective (amorphized) h-BN nanosheets. Our results also reveal that the tensile strength decline by increasing the defect content and temperature as well. Our MD results provide a comprehensive and useful vision concerning the mechanical properties of h-BN nanosheets with/without defects, which is very critical for the designing of nanodevices exploiting the exceptional physics of h-BN.

Keywords hexagonal boron-nitride      mechanical properties      crack      notch      point defects      molecular dynamics     
Corresponding Author(s): Mohammad SALAVATI   
Just Accepted Date: 09 April 2020   Online First Date: 02 June 2020    Issue Date: 13 July 2020
 Cite this article:   
Mohammad SALAVATI,Arvin MOJAHEDIN,Ali Hossein Nezhad SHIRAZI. Mechanical responses of pristine and defective hexagonal boron-nitride nanosheets: A molecular dynamics investigation[J]. Front. Struct. Civ. Eng., 2020, 14(3): 623-631.
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http://journal.hep.com.cn/fsce/EN/10.1007/s11709-020-0616-5
http://journal.hep.com.cn/fsce/EN/Y2020/V14/I3/623
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Mohammad SALAVATI
Arvin MOJAHEDIN
Ali Hossein Nezhad SHIRAZI
Fig.1  Lattice structure of monolayer h-BN. The unit cell is shown as parallelogram contains one nitrogen and one boron atoms.
Fig.2  Top and side views of atomistic model of amorphized h-BN with (a) and (b) 70%, (c) and (d) 10% defect concentrations made from 92800 atoms. The inset shows a detailed view focusing on a highly defective zone.
Fig.3  Stress-strain response of the pristine h-BN nanosheet under the uniaxial tension at temperatures of 200, 300, 400, 500, 700, and 900 K.
tempreture (K) 200 300 400 600 900
E (GPa) 635.56 627.52 619.61 605.40 586.50
Tab.1  Young’s Modulus (E) of the pristine nanosheet at the 200, 300, 400, 500,700, and 900 K
Fig.4  Failure mechanisms and crack propagation of h-BN nanosheet with length of L/9 at 300 K under tensile loading in various strain values. (a)ε=0.061; (b)ε=0.121; (c)ε=0.152; (d)ε=0.165; (e)ε=0.177; (f)ε=0.179.
Fig.5  (a) The tensile strength of the nanosheet in the presence of crack with different lengths which are studied at a range of temperatures from 200 to 900 K; (b) engineering strain at maximum tensile strength of the C3N nanosheet with various cracks at different temperatures.
Fig.6  Failure mechanisms and notch propagation of h-BN nanosheet with length of L/9 at 300 K in various strain values under the uniaxial tensile loading. (a)ε=0.061; (b)ε=0.121; (c)ε=0.152; (d)ε=0.165; (e)ε=0.177; (f)ε=0.179.
Fig.7  (a) The ultimate tensile strength of the nanosheet in presence of the notch defect with different diameters; (b) Engineering strain at maximum tensile strength in presence of notch defect with different diameters, at various temperatures of 200, 300, 500, 700, and 900 K.
Fig.8  h-BN nanosheet elastic modulus (E) in presence of (a) crack and (b) notch defects. Elastic modulus values normalized by the pristine elastic modulus at 200 K (EP-200 K = 635.56 GPa)
Fig.9  Stress-strain response of the pristine h-BN nanosheet under the uniaxial tension at different Stone-Wales defects concentrations (10%, 40%, and 70%) in room temperature
Fig.10  Normalized (a) Ultimate tensile stress (UTstress); (b) ultimate tensile strain (UTstrain); (c) elastic modulus (E) by correspond pristine values versus to the Stone-Wales defects concentration content (%).
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