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Frontiers of Structural and Civil Engineering

Front. Struct. Civ. Eng.    2019, Vol. 13 Issue (4) : 926-936     https://doi.org/10.1007/s11709-019-0527-5
RESEARCH ARTICLE
Estimating moment capacity of ferrocement members using self-evolving network
Abdussamad ISMAIL()
Department of Civil Engineering, Bayero University Kano, Kano State, PMB 3011, Nigeria
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Abstract

In this paper, an empirical model based on self-evolving neural network is proposed for predicting the flexural behavior of ferrocement elements. The model is meant to serve as a simple but reliable tool for estimating the moment capacity of ferrocement members. The proposed model is trained and validated using experimental data obtained from the literature. The data consists of information regarding flexural tests on ferrocement specimens which include moment capacity and cross-sectional dimensions of specimens, concrete cube compressive strength, tensile strength and volume fraction of wire mesh. Comparisons of predictions of the proposed models with experimental data indicated that the models are capable of accurately estimating the moment capacity of ferrocement members. The proposed models also make better predictions compared to methods such as the plastic analysis method and the mechanism approach. Further comparisons with other data mining techniques including the back-propagation network, the adaptive spline, and the Kriging regression models indicated that the proposed models are superior in terms prediction accuracy despite being much simpler models. The performance of the proposed models was also found to be comparable to the GEP-based surrogate model.

Keywords ferrocement      moment capacity      self-evolving neural network     
Corresponding Authors: Abdussamad ISMAIL   
Just Accepted Date: 24 April 2019   Online First Date: 30 May 2019    Issue Date: 10 July 2019
 Cite this article:   
Abdussamad ISMAIL. Estimating moment capacity of ferrocement members using self-evolving network[J]. Front. Struct. Civ. Eng., 2019, 13(4): 926-936.
 URL:  
http://journal.hep.com.cn/fsce/EN/10.1007/s11709-019-0527-5
http://journal.hep.com.cn/fsce/EN/Y2019/V13/I4/926
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Fig.1  Section of a ferrocement member
Fig.2  Topology of a Self-evolving Network
Fig.3  SEANN training flow diagram
parameter µ s xmax xmin
Mu 819.79 1054.08 5393 33
b 150.8 91.03 400 76
h 42.92 22.24 100 13
vf 2.43 1.8032 8.25 0.16
fcu 39.95 13.18 62 12.6
fu 543.1 140.26 979 371
Tab.1  Database summary
Fig.4  Comparison of SEANN-I prediction with experimental data (a) SEANN- I predictions versus training data (b) SEANN-I predictions versus testing data
Fig.5  Comparison of SEANN-II prediction with experimental data (a) SEANN-II predictions versus training data (b) SEANN-II predictions versus testing data
Fig.6  Values of β versus testing data (a) SEANN-I predictions (b) SEANN-II predictions
model approximated function No. of parameters
SEANN-I Eq. (5) 9
SEANN-II Eq. (6) 4
Spline-I (linear) Eq. (5) 16
Spline-II (linear) Eq. (6) 7
Spline-I (cubic) Eq. (5) 10
Spline-II (cubic) Eq. (6) 6
Kriging-I Eq. (5) 220
Kriging-II Eq. (6) 112
Tab.2  Brief descriptions of SEANN, spline and Kriging models
Fig.7  N-RMSE values for SEANN, spline and Kriging models
model No. of parameters N–RMSE (testing) R2 (testing)
SEANN-I 9 0.1688 0.9032
SEANN-II 4 0.1485 0.9190
BP-ANN 39 0.3270 0.7880
GEP 3 0.1849 0.8812
plastic analysis - 0.2414 0.8610
mechanism approach - 0.3981 0.8160
parabolic formula - 0.4953 0.8147
Tab.3  Comparison of results
Fig.8  Performance comparison various methods of predicting moment capacity
Fig.9  Variation of normalized moment capacity with (a) α; (b) vf
Fig.10  Variation of normalized moment capacity with α for various vf values (compared with testing data)
Fig.11  Results of sensitivity analysis
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