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Frontiers of Structural and Civil Engineering

Front. Struct. Civ. Eng.    2019, Vol. 13 Issue (1) : 1-14     https://doi.org/10.1007/s11709-019-0514-x
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Technological development and engineering applications of novel steel-concrete composite structures
Jianguo NIE1(), Jiaji WANG, Shuangke GOU2, Yaoyu ZHU2, Jiansheng FAN2
1. Beijing Engineering Research Center of Steel and Concrete Composite Structures, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
2. Key Laboratory of Civil Engineering Safety and Durability of China Education Ministry, Department of Civil Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
3. State Key Laboratory for Track Technology of High-Speed Railway, Beijing 100891, China
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Abstract

In view of China’s development trend of green building and building industrialization, based on the emerging requirements of the structural engineering community, the development and proposition of novel resource-saving high-performance steel-concrete composite structural systems with adequate safety and durability has become a kernel development trend in structural engineering. This paper provides a state of the art review of China’s cutting-edge research and technologies in steel-concrete composite structures in recent years, including the building engineering, the bridge engineering and the special engineering. This paper summarizes the technical principles and applications of the long-span bi-directional composite structures, the long-span composite transfer structures, the comprehensive crack control technique based on uplift-restricted and slip-permitted (URSP) connectors, the steel plate concrete composite (SPCC) strengthen technique, and the innovative composite joints. By improving and revising traditional structure types, the comprehensive superiority of steel-concrete composite structures is well elicited. The research results also indicate that the high-performance steel-concrete composite structures have a promising popularizing prospect in the future.

Keywords high-performance composite structure      bi-directional composite      composite transfer      uplift-restricted and slip-permitted connectors      steel plate concrete composite strengthen     
Corresponding Authors: Jianguo NIE,Jiaji WANG   
Online First Date: 11 December 2018    Issue Date: 04 January 2019
 Cite this article:   
Jianguo NIE,Jiaji WANG,Shuangke GOU, et al. Technological development and engineering applications of novel steel-concrete composite structures[J]. Front. Struct. Civ. Eng., 2019, 13(1): 1-14.
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http://journal.hep.com.cn/fsce/EN/10.1007/s11709-019-0514-x
http://journal.hep.com.cn/fsce/EN/Y2019/V13/I1/1
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Jianguo NIE
Jiaji WANG
Shuangke GOU
Yaoyu ZHU
Jiansheng FAN
Fig.1  Three types of long-span bi-directional composite structures. (a) Two-way composite floor; (b) composite floor with hybrid one-way and two-way steel grillage; (c) irregular skew composite floor
Fig.2  Failure modes of long-span bi-directional steel-concrete composite floor [3]. (a) First crack observed; (b) slab crushing and yield line formed; (c) plastic hinges of composite section; (d) damage in top surface; (e) damage in bottom surface
Fig.3  Different schemes of transfer beams in practical engineering projects [8]. (a) Transfer beam in high-rise building; (b) traditional RC transfer beam; (c) RC/SRC transfer frame structure; (d) steel-concrete composite transfer frame structure
Fig.4  Load–displacement hysteretic curves [8]. (a) General behavior; (b) behavior of transfer story; (c) behavior of second story
Fig.5  Cracking in steel-concrete composite structures. (a) Continuous composite beam bridge; (b) composite rigid frame bridge; (c) composite deck system of cable-stayed bridge; (d) composite deck system of suspension bridge
Fig.6  Traditional stud connector and three kinds of URSP connector. (a) Traditional stud connector; (b) URSP-sliding connector; (c) URSP-T connector; (d) URSP-screw connector
Fig.7  Experimental study on shear and pull-out load of URSP connector [19]. (a) Crack width in negative moment test; (b) shear hysteretic test; (c) pull-out test; (d) skeleton curve; (e) reloading curve; (f) unloading curve
Fig.8  Tianjin Hai River Jizhao Bridge. (a) Elevation (unit: cm); (b) completed bridge; (c) application of URSP on site
Fig.9  Steel plate composite concrete technique and its application in Wanliu bridge [27]. (a) SPCC bending retrofit; (b) SPSS with side retrofit; (c) SPSS with U-shaped retrofit; (d) Wanliu bridge under retrofit; (e) Wanliu bridge after retrofit
Group Nomenclature a tp lsp sr Boundary condition Loading prototype
/ RCB-1 1500 / / / four point loading No preloading
/ RCB-2 1500 / / / three point loading No preloading
I SCCSB-1 1500 8 4780 100 four point loading No preloading
I SCCSB-2 1500 8 4700 100 four point loading No preloading
II SCCSB-3 2500 8 4780 60/100 three point loading Preloading and unloading
II SCCSB-4 2500 8 4780 60/100 three point loading Preloading and unloading
II SCCSB-5 2500 8 4780 60/100 three point loading Preloading and unloading
I SCCSB-6 1500 8 4780 60/100 four point loading No preloading
II SCCSB-7 2500 8 4780 75/100 three point loading Preloading and unloading
III SCCSB-8 2500 8 4700 60/100 three point loading Preloading without unloading
III SCCSB-9 2500 8 4700 60/100 three point loading Preloading without unloading
III SCCSB-10 2500 8 4700 60/100 three point loading Preloading without unloading
Tab.1  Test matrix of RC beam and strengthened beam
Fig.10  Comparison of moment capacity between steel plate bending strengthened beams and reference RC beams [26]. (a) Group I; (b) Group II; (c) Group III
Fig.11  CFST column-composite beam joints. (a) Traditional joints with disconnected inner diaphragm; (b) new joints with connected inner diaphragm
Fig.12  Comparison between traditional and innovative RC column-steel beam joints. (a) Traditional concrete column-steel beam joints; (b) steel sleeve composite joints
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