# Frontiers of Structural and Civil Engineering

 Front. Struct. Civ. Eng.    2019, Vol. 13 Issue (4) : 751-766     https://doi.org/10.1007/s11709-018-0509-z
 RESEARCH ARTICLE
Experimental research on the multilayer compartmental particle damper and its application methods on long-period bridge structures
Zhenyuan LUO, Weiming YAN, Weibing XU(), Qinfei ZHENG, Baoshun WANG
Beijing Key Laboratory of Earthquake Engineering and Structural Retrofit, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China
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 Abstract Particle damping technology has attracted extensive research and engineering application interest in the field of vibration control due to its prominent advantages, including wide working frequency bands, ease of installation, longer durability and insensitivity to extreme temperatures. To introduce particle damping technology to long-period structure seismic control, a novel multilayer compartmental particle damper (MCPD) was proposed, and a 1/20 scale test model of a typical long-period self-anchored suspension bridge with a single tower was designed and fabricated. The model was subjected to a series of shaking table tests with and without the MCPD. The results showed that the seismic responses of the flexible or semi-flexible bridge towers of long-period bridges influence the seismic responses of the main beam. The MCPD can be conveniently installed on the main beam and bridge tower and can effectively reduce the longitudinal peak displacement and the root mean square acceleration of the main beam and tower. In addition, no particle accumulation was observed during the tests. A well-designed MCPD can achieve significant damping for long-period structures under seismic excitations of different intensities. These results indicate that the application of MCPDs for seismic control of single-tower self-anchored suspension bridges and other long-period structures is viable. Corresponding Authors: Weibing XU Online First Date: 11 December 2018    Issue Date: 10 July 2019
 Cite this article: Zhenyuan LUO,Weiming YAN,Weibing XU, et al. Experimental research on the multilayer compartmental particle damper and its application methods on long-period bridge structures[J]. Front. Struct. Civ. Eng., 2019, 13(4): 751-766. URL: http://journal.hep.com.cn/fsce/EN/10.1007/s11709-018-0509-z http://journal.hep.com.cn/fsce/EN/Y2019/V13/I4/751
 Tab.1  Similarity relation of the bridge model Fig.1  The bridge model (1/20-scale model in mm). (a) Details of bridge model; (b) pot bearing; (c) the main cables and boom; (d) integral layout of the actual bridge model Fig.2  Schematic diagram of the MCPD Tab.2  The design parameters of the MCPDs Fig.3  Layout of the particle dampers. (a) Main beam; (b) bridge tower Tab.3  Performance parameters of earthquake simulation shaking table Fig.4  Layout of the shaking table (in cm) Fig.5  Layout of the sensors Tab.4  Shaking table test cases Fig.6  Acceleration time series of (a) the EL-Centro wave, (b) the ILA005 wave, (c) the artificial wave; corresponding Fourier amplitude spectrum of (d) the EL-Centro wave, (e) the ILA005 wave, (f) the artificial wave (EA2= 0.1g) Tab.5  The natural vibration characteristics of the bridge model Fig.7  Identified frequencies and vibration modes of the bridge model. (a) singular value decomposition values of the power spectral density matrix of the accelerometer records; (b) the first two vibration modes of the bridge model Fig.8  The comparison to response of acceleration and displacement of the main beam with and without dampers under EA2 excitation. (a) EL-Centro wave; (b) ILA005 wave; (c) artificial wave Fig.9  The comparison to response of acceleration and displacement of the bridge tower with and without dampers under EA2 excitation. (a) EL-Centro wave; (b) ILA005 wave; (c) artificial wave Fig.10  Seismic response reduction effect of MCPD with different additional mass ratio under EA1?EA3 excitation. (a) The main beam of test model; (b) the bridge tower of the test model Fig.11  Decreasing ratio of acceleration response time history curves of MCPD under different excitation density. (a) The main beam of test model; (b) the bridge tower of the test model
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