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Frontiers of Structural and Civil Engineering

Front Arch Civil Eng Chin    2009, Vol. 3 Issue (1) : 9-17     https://doi.org/10.1007/s11709-009-0010-9
RESEARCH ARTICLE |
Running train induced vibrations and noises of elevated railway structures and their influences on environment
He XIA1(), Fei GAO1, Xuan WU1, Nan ZHANG1, Guido DE ROECK2, Geert DEGRANDE2
1. School of Civil Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China; 2. Department of Civil Engineering, Catholic University of Leuver, B-3001, Heverlee, Belgium
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Abstract

The vibrations and noises of elevated railway structures have been cause for concern due to their effects on the environment and the people living near elevated lines. In this paper, the main structural features of some new elevated bridges and station hall were introduced. The generation mechanism of vibrations and noise of elevated structures induced by trains were investigated. The noise induced by different types of elevated bridges, their influences on the environment and the theoretical method for the analysis of structure borne noise was analyzed. Finally, several field measurements on train induced noises at the platforms of elevated subway stations and bridges were presented.

Keywords railway      elevated structure      bridge      station      vibration      noise      environment     
Corresponding Authors: XIA He,Email:hxia88@163.com   
Issue Date: 05 March 2009
 Cite this article:   
Fei GAO,He XIA,Xuan WU, et al. Running train induced vibrations and noises of elevated railway structures and their influences on environment[J]. Front Arch Civil Eng Chin, 2009, 3(1): 9-17.
 URL:  
http://journal.hep.com.cn/fsce/EN/10.1007/s11709-009-0010-9
http://journal.hep.com.cn/fsce/EN/Y2009/V3/I1/9
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Fei GAO
He XIA
Xuan WU
Nan ZHANG
Guido DE ROECK
Geert DEGRANDE
Fig.1  Beijing South Railway Station
Fig.2  Shanghai South Railway Station. (a) Outline; (b) main structure
Fig.3  New Guangzhou Railway Station. (a) Outline; (b) main structure
Fig.4  Structure types of elevated railway stations. (a) Frame system; (b) bridge; (c) frame–bridge combined system
Fig.5  Bridge deflection vs train speed
Fig.6  Braking actions of trains at elevated bridges. (a) Train acceleration; (b) pier-top displacement
Fig.7  Observation points at waiting room floor and calculated accelerations. (a) Observation points; (b) maximum acceleration at different observation points
Fig.8  Noise resources in elevated railway structures
Fig.9  Noise composition and distribution of elevated bridges
Fig.10  Noise field distribution of elevated railway bridges
Fig.11  Comparison of noise at different distances from ground and frequencies in twelve types of bridge girders. (a) Different distances from ground; (b) different frequencies; (c) twelve types of concrete bridge
difference between measured and background noise levelscorrections
≥100
6-9-1
4.5-2
3-3
<3measurement failure
Tab.1  Corrections of measured noise level
Fig.12  Measurement locations at platform
Fig.13  Measured platform at elevated stations
Fig.14  Noise comparison of different types of stations
Fig.15  Noise measurement of elevated bridge in Airport Line
Fig.16  Distribution of noise close to elevated bridge
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