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Frontiers of Philosophy in China

Front. Philos. China    2020, Vol. 15 Issue (3) : 380-394     https://doi.org/10.3868/s030-009-020-0022-8
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Formalism and Heteronomy qua Logonomy—On Max Scheler’s Critique and Development of Kant’s Ethics
ZHANG Wei()
Department of Philosophy, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
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Abstract

How should Scheler’s critique of Kant’s ethics be interpreted? This paper focuses on two aspects of Scheler’s critique of Kant’s ethics: 1) the problem of “formalism” in Kant’s ethics, and 2) the problem of the “ethics of autonomy” and “ethics of heteronomy.” Generally speaking, Scheler’s project has a “modern” starting point; that is to say, his work starts with the rejection or critique of Kant and Aristotle. Most essentially, Scheler’s “material ethics of values” (ethics of person) must stay autonomous. Following Kant, Scheler takes Aristotle’s theory as an “ethics of heteronomy,” and then competes with Kant within the “ethics of autonomy” and further develops his own “ethics of personal autonomy.”

Keywords formalism      material apriorism      autonomy      heteronomy      ethics     
Issue Date: 28 September 2020
 Cite this article:   
ZHANG Wei. Formalism and Heteronomy qua Logonomy—On Max Scheler’s Critique and Development of Kant’s Ethics[J]. Front. Philos. China, 2020, 15(3): 380-394.
 URL:  
http://journal.hep.com.cn/fpc/EN/10.3868/s030-009-020-0022-8
http://journal.hep.com.cn/fpc/EN/Y2020/V15/I3/380
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