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Frontiers of Optoelectronics

  • Cover Illustration

    2020, Vol.13  No.1

    Graded photonic super-crystals have been fabricated through holographic lithography. A phase pattern was generated through pixel-by-pixel phase engineering. A 532 nm laser was incident onto the phase pattern displayed in a spatial light modulator. A diffraction pattern was generated and imaged through a 4f system. A Fourier filter was placed to let pass four outer beams and eight inner beams. These twelve beams were overlapped to form an interference patte [Detail] ...

    Table of Contents

, Volume 13 Issue 1

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Exciton polaritons based on planar dielectric Si asymmetric nanogratings coupled with J-aggregated dyes film
Zhen CHAI, Xiaoyong HU, Qihuang GONG
Front. Optoelectron.. 2020, 13 (1): 4-11.
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Optical cavity polaritons, originated from strong coupling between the excitons in materials and photons in the confined cavities field, have recently emerged as their applications in the high-speed low-power polaritons devices, low-threshold lasing and so on. However, the traditional exciton polaritons based on metal plasmonic structures or Fabry-Perot cavities suffer from the disadvantages of large intrinsic losses or hard to integrate and nanofabricate. This greatly limits the applications of exciton poalritons. Thus, here we implement a compact low-loss dielectric photonic – organic nanostructure by placing a 2-nm-thick PVA doped with TDBC film on top of a planar Si asymmetric nanogratings to reveal the exciton polaritons modes. We find a distinct anti-crossing dispersion behavior appears with a 117.16 meV Rabi splitting when varying the period of Si nanogratings. Polaritons dispersion and mode anti-crossing behaviors are also observed when considering the independence of the height of Si, width of Si nanowire B, and distance between the two Si nanowires in one period. This work offers an opportunity to realize low-loss novel polaritons applications.

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Holographic fabrication of octagon graded photonic super-crystal and potential applications in topological photonics
Oliver SALE, Safaa HASSAN, Noah HURLEY, Khadijah ALNASSER, Usha PHILIPOSE, Hualiang ZHANG, Yuankun LIN
Front. Optoelectron.. 2020, 13 (1): 12-17.
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Novel optical properties in graded photonic super-crystals can be further explored if new types of graded photonic super-crystals are fabricated. In this paper, we report holographic fabrication of graded photonic super-crystal with eight graded lattice clusters surrounding the central non-gradient lattices through pixel-by-pixel phase engineering in a spatial light modulator. The prospect of applications of octagon graded photonic super-crystal in topological photonics is discussed through photonic band gap engineering and coupled ring resonators.

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Distributed feedback organic lasing in photonic crystals
Yulan FU, Tianrui ZHAI
Front. Optoelectron.. 2020, 13 (1): 18-34.
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Considerable research efforts have been devoted to the investigation of distributed feedback (DFB) organic lasing in photonic crystals in recent decades. It is still a big challenge to realize DFB lasing in complex photonic crystals. This review discusses the recent progress on the DFB organic laser based on one-, two-, and three-dimensional photonic crystals. The photophysics of gain materials and the fabrication of laser cavities are also introduced. At last, future development trends of the lasers are prospected.

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Research development on fabrication and optical properties of nonlinear photonic crystals
Huangjia LI, Boqin MA
Front. Optoelectron.. 2020, 13 (1): 35-49.
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Since the lasers at fixed wavelengths are unable to meet the requirements of the development of modern science and technology, nonlinear optics is significant for overcoming the obstacle. Investigation on frequency conversion in ferroelectric nonlinear photonic crystals with different superlattices has been being one of the popular research directions in this field. In this paper, some mature fabrication methods of nonlinear photonic crystals are concluded, for example, the electric poling method at room temperature and the femtosecond direct laser writing technique. Then the development of nonlinear photonic crystals with one-dimensional, two-dimensional and three-dimensional superlattices which are used in quasi-phase matching and nonlinear diffraction harmonic generation is introduced. In the meantime, several creative applications of nonlinear photonic crystals are summarized, showing the great value of them in an extensive practical area, such as communication, detection, imaging, and so on.

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Topological photonic crystals: a review
Hongfei WANG, Samit Kumar GUPTA, Biye XIE, Minghui LU
Front. Optoelectron.. 2020, 13 (1): 50-72.
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The field of topological photonic crystals has attracted growing interest since the inception of optical analog of quantum Hall effect proposed in 2008. Photonic band structures embraced topological phases of matter, have spawned a novel platform for studying topological phase transitions and designing topological optical devices. Here, we present a brief review of topological photonic crystals based on different material platforms, including all-dielectric systems, metallic materials, optical resonators, coupled waveguide systems, and other platforms. Furthermore, this review summarizes recent progress on topological photonic crystals, such as higher-order topological photonic crystals, non-Hermitian photonic crystals, and nonlinear photonic crystals. These studies indicate that topological photonic crystals as versatile platforms have enormous potential applications in maneuvering the flow of light.

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Universal numerical calculation method for the Berry curvature and Chern numbers of typical topological photonic crystals
Chenyang WANG, Hongyu ZHANG, Hongyi YUAN, Jinrui ZHONG, Cuicui LU
Front. Optoelectron.. 2020, 13 (1): 73-88.
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Chern number is one of the most important criteria by which the existence of a topological photonic state among various photonic crystals can be judged; however, few reports have presented a universal numerical calculation method to directly calculate the Chern numbers of different topological photonic crystals and have denoted the influence of different structural parameters. Herein, we demonstrate a direct and universal method based on the finite element method to calculate the Chern number of the typical topological photonic crystals by dividing the Brillouin zone into small zones, establishing new properties to obtain the discrete Chern number, and simultaneously drawing the Berry curvature of the first Brillouin zone. We also explore the manner in which the topological properties are influenced by the different structure types, air duty ratios, and rotating operations of the unit cells; meanwhile, we obtain large Chern numbers from −2 to 4. Furthermore, we can tune the topological phase change via different rotation operations of triangular dielectric pillars. This study provides a highly efficient and simple method for calculating the Chern numbers and plays a major role in the prediction of novel topological photonic states.

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8 articles