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Frontiers of Optoelectronics

Front. Optoelectron.    2016, Vol. 9 Issue (2) : 186-193     DOI: 10.1007/s12200-016-0622-3
REVIEW ARTICLE |
Researches in microwave photonics based packages for millimeter wave system with wide bandwidth and large dynamic range
Xiaoping ZHENG(),Shangyuan LI,Hanyi ZHANG,Bingkun ZHOU
Deptartment of Electronic Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
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Abstract

This paper presents an introduction to the researches in microwave photonics based packages and its application, a 973 project (No. 2012CB315600), which focuses on addressing new requirements for millimeter wave (MMW) system to work with higher frequency, wider bandwidth, larger dynamic range and longer distance of signal distribution. Its key scientific problems, main research contents and objectives are briefed, and some latest achievements by the project team, including generation of linear frequency modulation wave (LFMW), tunable optoelectronic oscillator (OEO) with lower phase noise, reconfigurable filter with higher Q value, time delay line with wider frequency range, down conversion with gain, and local oscillator (LO) transmission with stable phase, are introduced briefly.

Keywords linear frequency modulation wave (LFMW) generation      tunable optoelectronic oscillator (OEO)      reconfigurable filter      time delay line      down-conversion      phase stable transmission     
Corresponding Authors: Xiaoping ZHENG   
Just Accepted Date: 26 February 2016   Online First Date: 28 March 2016    Issue Date: 05 April 2016
 Cite this article:   
Xiaoping ZHENG,Shangyuan LI,Hanyi ZHANG, et al. Researches in microwave photonics based packages for millimeter wave system with wide bandwidth and large dynamic range[J]. Front. Optoelectron., 2016, 9(2): 186-193.
 URL:  
http://journal.hep.com.cn/foe/EN/10.1007/s12200-016-0622-3
http://journal.hep.com.cn/foe/EN/Y2016/V9/I2/186
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Xiaoping ZHENG
Shangyuan LI
Hanyi ZHANG
Bingkun ZHOU
Fig.1  A simplified model of millimeter wave (MMW) system. BFN: beam forming network; LO: local oscillator; ADC: analog to digital converter
Fig.2  Linear frequency modulated wave (LFMW) generated optically. (a) its temporal waveform; (b) its time-frequency line; (c) PSLR with Hamming window
Fig.3  Nonlinearity compensation based on (a) OSP; compensation results with (b) MZM [13] and (c) EAM [14]. MMW: millimeter wave; OSP: optical signal processing; PD: photodetector; LCSLM: liquid crystal spatial light modulator; IMD3: 3rd order intermodulation distortion
Fig.4  Local oscillator (LO) over fiber transmission without/with dispersion compensation comparison with regards to (a) LO phase noise with 40 GHz LO frequency and 25 km transmission fiber [15]; (b) EVM, PE, and ME of the 200 Mbps 16 quadrature amplitude modulation (16-QAM) signal with 59 GHz LO frequency and 60 km transmission fiber [15]
Fig.5  Experimental setup of the single-bandpass complex-tap microwave photonic filter based on EES [19]. BOS: broadband optical source; C: optical coupler; PC: polarization controller; MZM: Mach-Zehnder modulator; VDL: variable delay line; DCF: dispersion-compensating fiber; BPD: balanced photodetector; A: RF amplifier
Fig.6  Tunable RF transfer function with or without TOD compensation when the passband is sinc-shape or flat-top [21]
Fig.7  Tunable OEOs by using (a) PM-based filter [22]; (b) an-Stokes SBS [23]. PM: phase modulator; SBS: stimulated Brillouin scattering; TOBPF: tunable optical bandpass filter; OC: optical coupler; OSA: optical spectrum analyzer; SMF: single-mode fiber; PD: photodetector; EA: electricalamplifier; EC: electrical coupler; LNA: low noise amplifier; PA: power amplifier; ESA: electrical spectrum analyzer
Fig.8  Schematic diagram of LO stable transmission over fiber
Fig.9  Diagram of the down-conversion system presented here [25]. ESA, electronic spectrum analyzer. ? is the phase of light wave. Δ? is the phase difference of sidebands between LO and RF frequency. Black dotted lines represent the transmitted spectrum of FBGs
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