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Frontiers of Optoelectronics

Front Optoelec Chin    2011, Vol. 4 Issue (4) : 378-381     DOI: 10.1007/s12200-011-0171-8
RESEARCH ARTICLE |
Surface-enhanced Raman scattering of sulfate ion based on Ag/Si nanostructure
Yueyin SHAO1(), Yongqian WEI1, Zhenghua WANG2
1. Laboratory Material Supply Centre, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123, China; 2. Anhui Key Laboratory of Functional Molecular Solids, College of Chemistry and Materials Science, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241000, China
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Abstract

Silicon nanowires (SiNWs) with tens of micrometer in length have been synthesized and modified with Ag nanoparticles, which were confirmed by X-ray diffractometer (XRD), scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The Ag/Si nanostructure was employed to detect inorganic ions SO42- via surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) with strong signals at low concentrations of 1×10-9 mol/L. This ultrasensitive method might be applied in other fields.

Keywords surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS)      silicon nanowires (SiNWs)      Ag nanoparticles      sulfate ions     
Corresponding Authors: SHAO Yueyin,Email:yyshao@suda.edu.cn   
Issue Date: 05 December 2011
 Cite this article:   
Yueyin SHAO,Yongqian WEI,Zhenghua WANG. Surface-enhanced Raman scattering of sulfate ion based on Ag/Si nanostructure[J]. Front Optoelec Chin, 2011, 4(4): 378-381.
 URL:  
http://journal.hep.com.cn/foe/EN/10.1007/s12200-011-0171-8
http://journal.hep.com.cn/foe/EN/Y2011/V4/I4/378
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Fig.1  XRD patterns of as-prepared products (a) and (b) products treated with HF and AgNO solutions successively
Fig.2  (a) SEM image shows as-prepared SiNWs in larger scale; (b) TEM image of a single Ag-modified SiNW with the average diameter of 30 nm; (c) HRTEM image showing Si (111) and Ag (111) crystal planes
Fig.3  SERS spectra of sodium sulfate solution (25 μL) using Ag-modified SiNWs as substrate at concentration of 1.0 × 10 and 1.0 × 10 mol/L, respectively
Fig.4  Solid surface reflectance spectra of (a) SiNWs and (b) Ag-modified SiNWs
Fig.5  HRTEM reveals Ag nanoparticle epitaxially grown on SiNW (marked with an arrow)
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