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Frontiers of Optoelectronics

Front Optoelec Chin    2011, Vol. 4 Issue (4) : 415-419     DOI: 10.1007/s12200-011-0134-0
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Photonic crystal fibers for supercontinuumβgeneration
Xian ZHU, Xinben ZHANG, Jinggang PENG, Xiang CHEN, Jinyan LI()
Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China
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Abstract

Photonic crystal fibers (PCFs) present a wavelength-scale periodic microstructure along their length. Their core and two-dimensional photonic crystal might be based on varied geometries and materials, allowing supercontinuum (SC) generation due to nonlinear effects in an extremely large wavelength range. In this paper we have reviewed PCFs utilized for SC generation. Fiber fabrication for SC generation is present. Spectral broadening mechanisms are also described in brief. Particular attention is as well as paid to PCFs including uniform PCFs, cascaded fibers, tapered fibers and PCFs with special material doped, which are commonly used to generate SC.

Keywords photonic crystal fibers (PCFs)      supercontinuum (SC)      PCF fabrication      nonlinear optics      tapered PCF      cascaded PCF      Ge-doped core     
Corresponding Authors: LI Jinyan,Email:ljy@mail.hust.edu.cn   
Issue Date: 05 December 2011
 Cite this article:   
Xian ZHU,Xinben ZHANG,Jinggang PENG, et al. Photonic crystal fibers for supercontinuumβgeneration[J]. Front Optoelec Chin, 2011, 4(4): 415-419.
 URL:  
http://journal.hep.com.cn/foe/EN/10.1007/s12200-011-0134-0
http://journal.hep.com.cn/foe/EN/Y2011/V4/I4/415
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Xian ZHU
Xinben ZHANG
Jinggang PENG
Xiang CHEN
Jinyan LI
Fig.1  Process of PCFs fabrication
Fig.2  Evolution of SC spectra in PCF with varied pump power with output mode shape in extreme blue region showing in the inset
Fig.3  Dispersion curves for the first- and second-stage fibers in cascaded set-up
Fig.4  (a) Output of the first stage; (b) spectrum obtained when pumping the second stage fiber with pump laser; (c) spectrum achieved when pumping the second fiber with the output of first stage
Fig.5  Experimental setup: NOPA, non-collinear optical parametric amplifier; λ/2, half-wave-plate; ND, neutral-density filter; 40×, in-coupling lens
parametersL/mCR/(W-1·km-1)γ/(W-1·km-1)spectrum/nmoutput/W
GeO23001737570–20403.5
Si4002.610850–13503.7
Tab.1  Comparison between when respectively pumped at 1064 nm from Yb doped fiber laser
Fig.6  Spectra recorded for (a) launched power of 13 W in GeO-doped-core PCF (solid curve), and pure silica PCF (dashed curve); (b) corresponding group-velocity curves
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