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Frontiers of Mechanical Engineering

Front. Mech. Eng.    2018, Vol. 13 Issue (2) : 311-322
Review of pantograph and catenary interaction
Weihua ZHANG, Dong ZOU(), Mengying TAN, Ning ZHOU, Ruiping LI, Guiming MEI
State Key Laboratory of Traction Power, Southwest Jiao Tong University, Chengdu 610031, China
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The application of electrified railway directly promotes relevant studies on pantograph-catenary interaction. With the increase of train running speed, the operating conditions for pantograph and catenary have become increasingly complex. This paper reviews the related achievements contributed by groups and institutions around the world. This article specifically focuses on three aspects: The dynamic characteristics of the pantograph and catenary components, the systems’ dynamic properties, and the environmental influences on the pantograph-catenary interaction. In accordance with the existing studies, future research may prioritize the task of identifying the mechanism of contact force variation. This kind of study can be carried out by simplifying the pantograph-catenary interaction into a moving load problem and utilizing the theory of matching mechanical impedance. In addition, developing a computational platform that accommodates environmental interferences and multi-field coupling effects is necessary in order to further explore applications based on fundamental studies.

Keywords electrified railway      pantograph and catenary interaction      contact force variation      moving load problem      mechanical impedance      multi-field     
Corresponding Author(s): Dong ZOU   
Just Accepted Date: 03 January 2018   Online First Date: 30 January 2018    Issue Date: 19 March 2018
 Cite this article:   
Weihua ZHANG,Dong ZOU,Mengying TAN, et al. Review of pantograph and catenary interaction[J]. Front. Mech. Eng., 2018, 13(2): 311-322.
Fig.1  Three basic mechanics problems in high-speed railway [1]
Fig.2  Different catenary systems. (a) Simple catenary; (b) stitched catenary
Fig.3  Different types of pantograph. (a) Diamond pantograph-ATR90; (b) T-type pantograph-Shinkansen Serie 500; (c) four-bar linkage pantograph-SSS400
Fig.4  Comparison of catenary stiffness between dropper models with and without slackening
Fig.5  Temperature-induced tension decreasing in the catenary and the solution. (a) Messenger wire’s tension versus temperature; (b) messenger wire supporting pulleys
Fig.6  Variable stiffness device for pantograph suspension. (a) Collector equipped with a variable stiffness device; (b) estimation of the compliance
Fig.7  Contact loss ratio versus catenary irregularities, considering different kinds of collector. (a) Different type of current collectors; (b) elastic deformation effects of current collectors to pantograph-catenary interaction
Fig.8  Rayleigh curve fits for all investigated catenary sections of Soknedal, Melhus, and Vålåsjø. (a) Ambient; (b) post-passage
Fig.9  Wave propagating pattern in the catenary uplift contour and a local displacement history
Fig.10  Periodical variation of the contact force standard deviation of the rear pantograph
Fig.11  Vortex contour after pantograph at 350 km/h
Fig.12  Pantograph PEGASUS for Shinkansen. (a) PEGASUS; (b) schematic for flow control technology (unit: mm)
Fig.13  Aerodynamic coefficients of the collector section profile. (a) Drag coefficient; (b) lift coefficient
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