Please wait a minute...

Frontiers of Mechanical Engineering

Front. Mech. Eng.    2018, Vol. 13 Issue (3) : 329-353     https://doi.org/10.1007/s11465-018-0466-1
REVIEW ARTICLE |
Electromagnetic interference modeling and suppression techniques in variable-frequency drive systems
Le YANG1, Shuo WANG1(), Jianghua FENG2
1. Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
2. CRRC Zhuzhou Institute Co., Ltd., Zhuzhou 412001, China
Download: PDF(1205 KB)   HTML
Export: BibTeX | EndNote | Reference Manager | ProCite | RefWorks
Abstract

Electromagnetic interference (EMI) causes electromechanical damage to the motors and degrades the reliability of variable-frequency drive (VFD) systems. Unlike fundamental frequency components in motor drive systems, high-frequency EMI noise, coupled with the parasitic parameters of the trough system, are difficult to analyze and reduce. In this article, EMI modeling techniques for different function units in a VFD system, including induction motors, motor bearings, and rectifier-inverters, are reviewed and evaluated in terms of applied frequency range, model parameterization, and model accuracy. The EMI models for the motors are categorized based on modeling techniques and model topologies. Motor bearing and shaft models are also reviewed, and techniques that are used to eliminate bearing current are evaluated. Modeling techniques for conventional rectifier-inverter systems are also summarized. EMI noise suppression techniques, including passive filter, Wheatstone bridge balance, active filter, and optimized modulation, are reviewed and compared based on the VFD system models.

Keywords variable-frequency drive (VFD)      electromagnetic interference (EMI)      motor drive modeling      EMI noise suppression     
Corresponding Authors: Shuo WANG   
Just Accepted Date: 13 September 2017   Online First Date: 06 November 2017    Issue Date: 11 June 2018
 Cite this article:   
Le YANG,Shuo WANG,Jianghua FENG. Electromagnetic interference modeling and suppression techniques in variable-frequency drive systems[J]. Front. Mech. Eng., 2018, 13(3): 329-353.
 URL:  
http://journal.hep.com.cn/fme/EN/10.1007/s11465-018-0466-1
http://journal.hep.com.cn/fme/EN/Y2018/V13/I3/329
Fig.1  Block diagram of a rail vehicular system
Fig.2  A motor drive system with a two-cell H-bridge boost rectifier-inverter
Fig.3  A commonly used rectifier-inverter system for EMI analysis
Fig.4  Impedance measurement setup. (a) CM impedance; (b) Phase A DM impedance; (c) Phase B DM impedance; (d) Phase C DM impedance
Fig.5  Classification of EMI models for motors, as presented in the literature
Fig.6  Proposed motor model in Refs. [16,17]. (a) T model; (b) proposed single-phase physical model
Fig.7  Non-circuit-based behavior model
Fig.8  Phase-belt circuits discussed in Refs. [1921]
Fig.9  General topology of a multi-stage RLC model
Fig.10  Multi-stage π model in Refs. [23,25]
Fig.11  Lumped model in Ref. [32]
Fig.12  Long cable and stator winding transmission line model in a high-frequency range
Fig.13  Three-phase EMI model in Ref. [38]
Fig.14  RLC model. (a) Equivalent DM circuit; (b) CM circuit in Ref. [29]
Fig.15  Equivalent physical structure of a stator slot
Fig.16  T model; (b) high-frequency behavior model in Ref. [38]
Fig.17  Flowchart of the optimized algorithm in Ref. [38]
Fig.18  Physical structure of the bearing
Fig.19  Bearing model proposed in Ref. [43]
Fig.20  A diode bridge-inverter motor drive system in Refs. [59,60]
Fig.21  CM noise equivalent circuits. (a) Equivalent CM circuit; (b) simplified CM circuit
Fig.22  An active rectifier-inverter motor drive system in Ref. [53]
Fig.23  Equivalent CM circuit in Ref. [53]
Fig.24  Superposition theory used in EMI analysis
Fig.25  An active rectifier-inverter system in Ref. [54]
Fig.26  The Thevenin’s theorem in EMI analysis
Fig.27  Classification of EMI noise reduction techniques
Fig.28  Passive filters. (a) Potential type suppression; (b) current type suppression in Ref. [55]
Fig.29  Potential type suppression with 3-phase iron core inductor
Fig.30  A diode bridge-inverter motor drive system in Ref. [60]
Fig.31  Equivalent CM circuit in Ref. [60]
Fig.32  Passive filter design flow chart
Fig.33  Topology selection of passive filters based on source and load impedances.
Fig.34  Wheatstone bridge balance
Fig.35  Wheatstone bridge balance technique for a motor drive system in Ref. [64]
Fig.36  Equivalent circuit with Wheatstone bridge balance applied in Ref. [64]
Fig.37  A voltage-sensing voltage compensating feedback active filter
Fig.38  Noise cancellation on the DC side. (a) Voltage cancellation; (b) current cancellation
Fig.39  Voltage-sensing and voltage-compensating equivalent circuits. (a) Feedforward; (b) feedback
Fig.40  Current-sensing and current-compensating equivalent circuit. (a) Feedforward; (b) feedback
Fig.41  A voltage-sensing and voltage-compensating feedforward active filter in Ref. [75]
Fig.42  A current-sensing and current-compensating feedback active filter in Ref. [75]
Fig.43  RCMV-PWM in a VSI system; (a) AZSM; (b) RSM; (c) NSM
Fig.44  An active rectifier-inverter system in Ref. [84]
Boost rectifier output
Spece vector
Inverter output space vector
V1, V3, V5V2, V4, V6V0V7
V1, V3, V50Vdc/6–Vdc/6Vdc/3
V2, V4, V6–Vdc/60–Vdc/3Vdc/6
V0Vdc/6Vdc/30Vdc/2
V7–Vdc/3-Vdc/6–Vdc/20
Tab.1  CM voltage with space vectors in the rectifier–inverter systems
1 Farnesi S, Marchesoni M, Vaccaro L. Advances in locomotive power electronic systems directly fed through AC lines. In: Proceedings of 2016 International Symposium on Power Electronics, Electrical Drives, Automation and Motion (SPEEDAM). Anacapri: IEEE, 2016, 657–664
https://doi.org/10.1109/SPEEDAM.2016.7525932
2 Bonnett A H. Analysis of the impact of pulse-width modulated inverter voltage waveforms on AC induction motors. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 1996, 32(2): 386–392
https://doi.org/10.1109/28.491488
3 Kerkman R J, Leggate D, Schlegel D, et al.. PWM inverters and their influence on motor overvoltage. In: Proceedings of APEC ’97: Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition. Atlanta: IEEE, 1997, 103–113
https://doi.org/10.1109/APEC.1997.581440
4 Kerkman R J, Leggate D, Skibinski G L. Interaction of drive modulation and cable parameters on AC motor transients. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 1997, 33(3): 722–731
https://doi.org/10.1109/28.585863
5 Amarir S, Al-Haddad K. A modeling technique to analyze the impact of inverter supply voltage and cable length on industrial motor-drives. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2008, 23(2): 753–762
https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2007.915773
6 Guastavino F, Ratto A, Torello E, et al.. Aging tests on nanostructured enamels for winding wire insulation. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 2014, 61(10): 5550–5557
https://doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2014.2301736
7 Chen S, Lipo T A, Fitzgerald D. Source of induction motor bearing currents caused by PWM inverters. IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, 1996, 11(1): 25–32
https://doi.org/10.1109/60.486572
8 Chen S, Lipo T A. Circulating type motor bearing current in inverter drives. IEEE Industry Applications Magazine, 1998, 4(1): 32–38
https://doi.org/10.1109/2943.644884
9 Erdman J M, Kerkman R J, Schlegel D W, et al.. Effect of PWM inverters on AC motor bearing currents and shaft voltages. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 1996, 32(2): 250–259
https://doi.org/10.1109/28.491472
10 Morant A, Wisten Å, Galar D, et al.. Railway EMI impact on train operation and environment. In: Proceedings of 2012 International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC EUROPE). Rome: IEEE, 2012, 1–7
https://doi.org/10.1109/EMCEurope.2012.6396847
11 EMC for European Railways: Study to collect and document rules, processes and procedures to verify the Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) of railway vehicles in Member States of the European Rail Area. 2010. Retrieved form
12 Midya S, Thottappillil R. An overview of electromagnetic compatibility challenges in European Rail Traffic Management System. Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies, 2008, 16(5): 515–534
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trc.2007.11.001
13 CENELEC Standard EN 50121. Railway Applications—Electromagnetic Compatibility. 2006. Retrieved from
14 IEC 61800-3: 2017, Adjustable speed electrical power drive systems-Part 3: EMC requirements and specific test methods. 2012. Retrieved from
15 Moreira A F, Lipo T A, Venkataramanan G, et al.. High-frequency modeling for cable and induction motor overvoltage studies in long cable drives. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 2002, 38(5): 1297–1306
https://doi.org/10.1109/TIA.2002.802920
16 Mirafzal B, Skibinski G L, Tallam R M, et al.. Universal induction motor model with low-to-high frequency-response characteristics. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 2007, 43(5): 1233–1246
https://doi.org/10.1109/TIA.2007.904401
17 Mirafzal B, Skibinski G L, Tallam R M. Determination of parameters in the universal induction motor model. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 2009, 45(1): 142–151
https://doi.org/10.1109/TIA.2008.2009481
18 Shin S M, Choi B H, Kang H G. Motor health monitoring at standstill through impedance analysis. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 2016, 63(7): 4422–4431
https://doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2016.2541089
19 Zhong E, Lipo T A. Improvements in EMC performance of inverter-fed motor drives. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 1995, 31(6): 1247–1256
https://doi.org/10.1109/28.475694
20 Grandi G, Casadei D, Reggiani U. Common- and differential-mode HF current components in AC motors supplied by voltage source inverters. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2004, 19(1): 16–24
https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2003.820564
21 Weber S P, Hoene E, Guttowski S, et al.. Modeling induction machines for EMC-Analysis. In: Proceedings of 2004 IEEE 35th Annual Power Electronics Specialists Conference. IEEE, 2004, 94–98
22 Costa F, Vollaire C, Meuret R. Modeling of conducted common-mode perturbations in variable-speed drive systems. IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility, 2005, 47(4): 1012–1021
https://doi.org/10.1109/TEMC.2005.857365
23 Moreau M, Idir N, Moigne P L, et al.. Utilization of a behavioural model of motor drive systems to predict the conducted emissions. In: Proceedings of 2008 IEEE Power Electronics Specialists Conference. Rhodes: IEEE, 2008, 4387–4391
https://doi.org/10.1109/PESC.2008.4592652
24 Kohji M, Hiroki F, Liang S. Motor modeling for EMC simulation by 3-D electromagnetic field analysis. In: Proceedings of IEEE International Electric Machines and Drives Conference. Miami: IEEE, 2009, 103–108
https://doi.org/10.1109/IEMDC.2009.5075190
25 Moreau M, Idir N, Le Moigne P. Modeling of conducted EMI in adjustable speed drives. IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility, 2009, 51(3): 665–672
https://doi.org/10.1109/TEMC.2009.2025269
26 Luszcz J. Motor cable effect on the converter fed AC motor common-mode current. In: Proceedings of 2011 7th International Conference-Workshop Compatibility and Power Electronics (CPE).Tallinn: IEEE, 2011, 445–450
https://doi.org/10.1109/CPE.2011.5942277
27 Degano M, Zanchetta P, Empringham L, et al.. HF induction motor modeling using automated experimental impedance measurement matching. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 2012, 59(10): 3789–3796
https://doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2012.2189535
28 Stevanovi I, Wunsch B, Skibin S. Behavioral high-frequency modeling of electrical motors. In: Proceedings of 2013 Twenty-Eighth Annual IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC). IEEE, 2013, 2547–2550
https://doi.org/10.1109/APEC.2013.6520654
29 Sun J, Xing L. Parameterization of three-phase electric machine models for EMI simulation. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2014, 29(1): 36–41
https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2013.2264750
30 Ryu Y, Park B R, Han K J. Estimation of high-frequency parameters of AC machine from transmission line model. IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 2015, 51(3): 1–4
https://doi.org/10.1109/TMAG.2014.2355718
31 Vidmar G, Miljavec D. A universal high-frequency three-phase electric-motor model suitable for the delta-and star-winding connections. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2015, 30(8): 4365–4376
https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2014.2352452
32 Schinkel M, Weber S, Guttowski S, et al.. Efficient HF modeling and model parameterization of induction machines for time and frequency domain simulations. In: Proceedings of Twenty-First Annual IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition. Dallas: IEEE, 2006
https://doi.org/10.1109/APEC.2006.1620689
33 Boglietti A, Cavagnino A, Lazzari M. Experimental high-frequency parameter identification of AC electrical motors. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 2007, 43(1): 23–29
https://doi.org/10.1109/TIA.2006.887313
34 Magdun O, Binder A. High-frequency induction machine modeling for common-mode current and bearing voltage calculation. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 2014, 50(3): 1780–1790 doi:10.1109/TIA.2013.2284301
35 Magdun O, Binder A. The high-frequency induction machine parameters and their influence on the common-mode stator ground current. In: Proceedings of XXth International Conference on Electrical Machines (ICEM). Marseille: IEEE, 2012, 505–511 10.1109/ICElMach.2012.6349917
36 Wang L W, Ho C N M, Canales F, et al.. High-frequency modeling of the long-cable-fed induction motor drive system using TLM approach for predicting overvoltage transients. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2010, 25(10): 2653–2664
https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2010.2047027
37 Boglietti A, Carpaneto E. Induction motor high frequency model. In: Proceedings of 1999 IEEE Industry Applications Conference. Thirty-Fourth IAS Annual Meeting.Phoenix: IEEE, 1999, 1551–1558
https://doi.org/10.1109/IAS.1999.805947
38 Zhao H, Wang S, Min J, et al.. Systematic modeling for a three phase inverter with motor and long cable using optimization method. In: Proceedings of 2014 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE). Milwaukee: IEEE, 2016, 4696–4703
https://doi.org/10.1109/ECCE.2016.7855491
39 De Paula H, de Andrade D A, Chaves M L R, et al.. Methodology for cable modeling and simulation for high-frequency phenomena studies in PWM motor drives. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2008, 23(2): 744–752
https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2007.915759
40 Magdun O, Binder A, Purcarea C, et al.. Modeling of asymmetrical cables for an accurate calculation of common-mode ground currents. In: Proceedings of 2009 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition. San Jose: IEEE, 2009, 1075–1082
https://doi.org/10.1109/ECCE.2009.5316467
41 Chen S, Lipo T A, Fitzgerald D. Modeling of motor bearing currents in PWM inverter drives. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 1996, 32(6): 1365–1370
https://doi.org/10.1109/28.556640
42 Bhattacharya S, Resta L, Divan D M, et al.. Experimental comparison of motor bearing currents with PWM hard and soft-switched voltage-source inverters. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 1999, 14(3): 552–562
https://doi.org/10.1109/63.761699
43 Wang F. Motor shaft voltages and bearing currents and their reduction in multilevel medium-voltage PWM voltage-source-inverter drive applications. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 2000, 36(5): 1336–1341
https://doi.org/10.1109/28.871282
44 Naik R, Nondahl T A, Melfi M J, et al.. Circuit model for shaft voltage prediction in induction motors fed by PWM-based AC drives. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 2003, 39(5): 1294–1299
https://doi.org/10.1109/TIA.2003.816504
45 Akagi H, Tamura S. A passive EMI filter for eliminating both bearing current and ground leakage current from an inverter-driven motor. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2006, 21(5): 1459–1469
https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2006.880239
46 Muetze A, Binder A. Calculation of influence of insulated bearings and insulated inner bearing seats on circulating bearing currents in machines of inverter-based drive systems. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 2006, 42(4): 965–972
https://doi.org/10.1109/TIA.2006.876083
47 Adabi J, Zare F, Ledwich G, et al.. Leakage current and common-mode voltage issues in modern AC drive systems. In: Proceedings of Australasian Universities Power Engineering Conference. Perth: IEEE, 2007, 1–6 10.1109/AUPEC.2007.4548097
48 Muetze A, Binder A. Calculation of motor capacitances for prediction of the voltage across the bearings in machines of inverter-based drive systems. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 2007, 43(3): 665–672
https://doi.org/10.1109/TIA.2007.895734
49 Magdun O, Binder A. Calculation of roller and ball bearing capacitances and prediction of EDM currents. In: Proceedings of 35th Annual Conference of IEEE Industrial Electronics. Porto: IEEE, 2009, 1051–1056
https://doi.org/10.1109/IECON.2009.5414669
50 Shami U T, Akagi H. Experimental discussions on a shaft end-to-end voltage appearing in an inverter-driven motor. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2009, 24(6): 1532–1540
https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2009.2013625
51 Shami U T, Akagi H. Identification and discussion of the origin of a shaft end-to-end voltage in an inverter-driven motor. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2010, 25(6): 1615–1625
https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2009.2039582
52 Fan Z, Zhi Y, Zhu B, et al.. Research of bearing voltage and bearing current in induction motor drive system. In: Proceedings of 2016 Asia-Pacific International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility (APEMC). Shenzhen: IEEE, 2016, 1195–1198
https://doi.org/10.1109/APEMC.2016.7522983
53 Zhang R, Wu X, Wang T. Analysis of common-mode EMI for three-phase voltage source converters. In: Proceedings of 2003 IEEE 34th Annual Power Electronics Specialist Conference. Acapulco: IEEE, 2003, 1510–1515
https://doi.org/10.1109/PESC.2003.1217683
54 Qi T, Sun J. Common-mode EMI solutions for modular back-to-back converter systems. In: Proceedings of Twenty-Eighth Annual IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC). Long Beach: IEEE, 2013, 1562–1568
https://doi.org/10.1109/APEC.2013.6520505
55 Murai Y, Kubota T, Kawase Y. Leakage current reduction for a high-frequency carrier inverter feeding an induction-motor. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 1992, 28(4): 858–863
https://doi.org/10.1109/28.148452
56 Ogasawara S, Akagi H. Modeling and damping of high-frequency leakage currents in PWM inverter-fed AC motor drive systems. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 1996, 32(5): 1105–1114
https://doi.org/10.1109/28.536872
57 Swamy M M, Yamada K, Kume T. Common-mode current attenuation techniques for use with PWM drives. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2001, 16(2): 248–255
https://doi.org/10.1109/63.911149
58 Akagi H, Doumoto T. An approach to eliminating high-frequency shaft voltage and ground leakage current from an inverter-driven motor. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 2004, 40(4): 1162–1169
https://doi.org/10.1109/TIA.2004.830748
59 Akagi H, Doumoto T. A passive EMI filter for preventing high-frequency leakage current from flowing through the grounded inverter heat sink of an adjustable-speed motor drive system. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 2005, 41(5): 1215–1223
https://doi.org/10.1109/TIA.2005.853391
60 Akagi H, Shimizu T. Attenuation of conducted EMI emissions from an inverter-driven motor. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2008, 23(1): 282–290
https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2007.911878
61 Chen P S, Lai Y S. Effective EMI filter design method for three-phase inverter based upon software noise separation. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2010, 25(11): 2797–2806
https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2010.2051459
62 Maillet Y, Lai R X, Wang S O, et al.. High-density EMI filter design for DC-fed motor drives. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2010, 25(5): 1163–1172
https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2009.2039004
63 Luo F, Zhang X, Boroyevich D, et al.. On discussion of AC and DC side EMI filters design for conducted noise suppression in DC-fed three phase motor drive system. In: Proceedings of Twenty-Sixth Annual IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC). Fort Worth: IEEE, 2011, 667–672
https://doi.org/10.1109/APEC.2011.5744667
64 Xing L, Sun J. Conducted common-mode EMI reduction by impedance balancing. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2012, 27(3): 1084–1089
https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2011.2176750
65 Xue J, Wang F, Zhang X, et al.. Design of output passive EMI filter in DC-fed motor drive. In: Proceedings of 2012 Twenty-Seventh Annual IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC). Orlando: IEEE, 2012, 634–640
https://doi.org/10.1109/APEC.2012.6165885
66 Zhang X, Luo F, Dong D, et al.. CM noise containment in a DC-fed motor drive system using DM filter. In: Proceedings of 2012 Twenty-Seventh Annual IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC). Orlando: IEEE, 2012, 1808–1813
https://doi.org/10.1109/APEC.2012.6166067
67 Gong X, Josifović I, Ferreira J A. Modeling and reduction of conducted EMI of inverters with SiC JFETs on insulated metal substrate. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2013, 28(7): 3138–3146
https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2012.2221747
68 Hedayati M H, Acharya A B, John V. Common-mode filter design for PWM rectifier-based motor drives. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2013, 28(11): 5364–5371
https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2013.2238254
69 Zhang X, Boroyevich D, Mattavelli P, et al.. EMI filter design and optimization for both AC and DC side in a DC-fed motor drive system. In: Proceedings of Twenty-Eighth Annual IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC). Long Beach: IEEE, 2013, 597–603 10.1109/APEC.2013.6520271
70 Jing X, Wang F, Ben G. EMI noise mode transformation due to propagation path unbalance in three-phase motor drive system and its implication to EMI filter design. In: Proceedings of Twenty-Ninth Annual IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC). IEEE, 2014, 806–811
71 Ogasawara S, Ayano H, Akagi H. An active circuit for cancellation of common-mode voltage generated by a PWM inverter. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 1998, 13(5): 835–841 doi:10.1109/63.712285
72 Son Y C, Sul S K. A new active common-mode EMI filter for PWM inverter. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2003, 18(6): 1309–1314
https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2003.818829
73 Son Y C, Sul S K. Generalization of active filters for EMI reduction and harmonics compensation. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 2006, 42(2): 545–551
https://doi.org/10.1109/TIA.2006.870030
74 Di Piazza M C, Ragusa A, Vitale G. Design of grid-side electromagnetic interference filters in AC motor drives with motor-side common-mode active compensation. IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility, 2009, 51(3): 673–682
https://doi.org/10.1109/TEMC.2009.2025595
75 Wang S, Maillet Y Y, Wang F, et al.. Investigation of hybrid EMI filters for common-mode EMI suppression in a motor drive system. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2010, 25(4): 1034–1045
https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2009.2033601
76 Di Piazza M C, Ragusa A, Vitale G. An optimized feedback common-mode active filter for vehicular induction motor drives. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2011, 26(11): 3153–3162
https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2011.2147801
77 Di Piazza M C, Ragusa A, Vitale G. Power-loss evaluation in CM active EMI filters for bearing current suppression. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 2011, 58(11): 5142–5153
https://doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2011.2119456
78 Yuen K K F, Chung H S H, Cheung V S P. An active low-loss motor terminal filter for overvoltage suppression and common-mode current reduction. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2012, 27(7): 3158–3172
https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2011.2178865
79 Chen W, Yang X, Xue J, et al.. A novel filter topology with active motor CM impedance regulator in PWM ASD system. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 2014, 61(12): 6938–6946
https://doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2014.2320222
80 Piazza M C D, Giglia G, Luna M, et al.. EMI filter design in motor drives with common-mode voltage active compensation. In: Proceedings of 2014 IEEE 23rd International Symposium on Industrial Electronics (ISIE). Istanbul: IEEE, 2014, 800–805
https://doi.org/10.1109/ISIE.2014.6864714
81 Huang J, Shi H. A hybrid filter for the suppression of common-mode voltage and differential-mode harmonics in three-phase inverters with CPPM. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 2015, 62(7): 3991–4000
https://doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2014.2381162
82 Oriti G, Julian A L, Lipo T A. A new space vector modulation strategy for common-mode voltage reduction [in PWM invertors]. In: Proceedings of 28th Annual IEEE Power Electronics Specialists Conference. Saint Louis: IEEE, 1997, 1541–1546
https://doi.org/10.1109/PESC.1997.618066
83 Cacciato M, Consoli A, Scarcella G, et al.. Reduction of common-mode currents in PWM inverter motor drives. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 1999, 35(2): 469–476
https://doi.org/10.1109/28.753643
84 Lee H D, Sul S K. A common-mode voltage reduction in boost rectifier/inverter system by shifting active voltage vector in a control period. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2000, 15(6): 1094–1101
https://doi.org/10.1109/63.892824
85 Kim H J, Lee H D, Sul S K. A new PWM strategy for common-mode voltage reduction in neutral-point-clamped inverter-fed AC motor drives. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 2001, 37(6): 1840–1845
https://doi.org/10.1109/28.968199
86 Lee H D, Sul S K. Common-mode voltage reduction method modifying the distribution of zero-voltage vector in PWM converter/inverter system. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 2001, 37(6): 1732–1738
https://doi.org/10.1109/28.968185
87 Lai Y S, Chen P S, Lee H K, et al.. Optimal common-mode voltage reduction PWM technique for inverter control with consideration of the dead-time effects—Part II: Applications to IM drives with diode front end. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 2004, 40(6): 1613–1620
https://doi.org/10.1109/TIA.2004.836151
88 Hofmann W, Zitzelsberger J. PWM-control methods for common-mode voltage minimization—A survey. In: Proceedings of International Symposium on Power Electronics, Electrical Drives, Automation and Motion. Taormina: IEEE, 2006, 1162–1167
https://doi.org/10.1109/SPEEDAM.2006.1649943
89 Hava A M, Un E. Performance analysis of reduced common-mode voltage PWM methods and comparison with standard PWM methods for three-phase voltage-source inverters. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2009, 24(1): 241–252
https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2008.2005719
90 Un E, Hava A M. A near-state PWM method with reduced switching losses and reduced common-mode voltage for three-phase voltage source inverters. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 2009, 45(2): 782–793
https://doi.org/10.1109/TIA.2009.2013580
91 Jiang D, Wang F, Xue J. PWM impact on CM noise and AC CM choke for variable-speed motor drives. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 2013, 49(2): 963–972
https://doi.org/10.1109/TIA.2013.2243394
92 Zhu N, Xu D, Wu B, et al.. Common-mode voltage reduction methods for current-source converters in medium-voltage drives. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2013, 28(2): 995–1006
https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2012.2201174
93 Guo X Q, Xu D, Wu B. Common-mode voltage mitigation for back-to-back current-source converter with optimal space-vector modulation. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2016, 31(1): 688–697
https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2015.2399016
94 Videt A, Messaoudi M, Idir N, et al.. PWM strategy for the cancellation of common-mode voltage generated by three-phase back-to-back inverters. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2017, 32(4): 2675–2686
https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2016.2573831
95 Wang S, Kong P, Lee F C. Common-mode noise reduction for boost converters using general balance technique. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2007, 22(4): 1410–1416
https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2007.900503
96 112-1996—IEEE Standard Test Procedure for Polyphase Induction Motors and Generators. IEEE Standard 112-2004, 2004 doi:10.1109/IEEESTD.1991.114383
97 Zhang H, Yang L, Wang S, et al.. Common-mode EMI noise modeling and reduction with balance technique for three-level neutral point clamped topology. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 2017, 64(9): 7563–7573
https://doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2017.2677344
98 Robutel R, Martin C, Buttay C, et al.. Design and implementation of integrated common-mode capacitors for SiC-JFET inverters. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2014, 29(7): 3625–3636
https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2013.2279772
99 Xue J, Wang F, Guo B. EMI noise mode transformation due to propagation path unbalance in three-phase motor drive system and its implication to EMI filter design. In: Proceedings of 2014 IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition—APEC 2014. 2014, 806–811
100 Wang S, van Wyk J D, Lee F C. Effects of interactions between filter parasitics and power interconnects on EMI filter performance. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 2007, 54(6): 3344–3352
https://doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2007.906126
101 Yang L, Wang S. A compensation winding structure for balanced three-phase coupled inductor. In: Proceedings of 2017 IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC).Tampa: IEEE, 2017, 868–875
102 Wang S.EMI Reduction Techniques for Power Electronics Systems. Professional seminar slides. 2015. Retrieved from
103 Shih F Y, Chen D Y, Wu Y P, et al.. A procedure for designing EMI filters for AC line applications. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 1996, 11(1): 170–181
https://doi.org/10.1109/63.484430
104 Jiao Y, Lee F C. LCL filter design and inductor current ripple analysis for a three-level NPC grid interface converter. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2015, 30(9): 4659–4668
https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2014.2361907
105 Boillat D O, Kolar J W, Hlethaler M J. Volume minimization of the main DM/CM EMI filter stage of a bidirectional three-phase three-level PWM rectifier system. In: Proceedings of Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE). Denver: IEEE, 2013, 2008–2019
https://doi.org/10.1109/ECCE.2013.6646954
106 Wang S, Chen R, van Wyk J D, et al.. Developing parasitic cancellation technologies to improve EMI filter performance for switching mode power supplies. IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility, 2005, 47(4): 921–929
https://doi.org/10.1109/TEMC.2005.857367
107 Wang S, Lee F C. Common-mode noise reduction for power factor correction circuit with parasitic capacitance cancellation. IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility, 2007, 49(3): 537–542
https://doi.org/10.1109/TEMC.2007.902191
108 Wang S, Lee F C, Odendaal W G. Characterization and parasitic extraction of EMI filters using scattering parameters. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2005, 20(2): 502–510
https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2004.842949
109 Xing L, Sun J. Optimal damping of multistage EMI filters. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2012, 27(3): 1220–1227
https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2011.2161617
110 Nakamura K, Honma K, Ohinata T, et al.. Development of concentric-winding type three-phase variable inductor. IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 2015, 51(11): 1–4
https://doi.org/10.1109/TMAG.2015.2441556
111 Liu Y, See K Y, Tseng K J, et al.. Magnetic integration of three-phase LCL filter with delta-yoke composite core. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2017, 32(5): 3835–3843
https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2016.2583489
112 Khan A A, Cha H, Kim H G. Three-phase three-limb coupled inductor for three-phase direct PWM AC-AC converters solving commutation problem. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 2016, 63(1): 189–201
https://doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2015.2466552
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   0
  Discussed