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Frontiers of Mechanical Engineering

Front. Mech. Eng.    2007, Vol. 2 Issue (4) : 404-416     https://doi.org/10.1007/s11465-007-0070-2
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Current research, key performances and future development of search and rescue robots
LIU Jinguo1, WANG Yuechao2, LI Bin2, MA Shugen3
1.Robotics Laboratory of Shenyang Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China; Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China; 2.Robotics Laboratory of Shenyang Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China; 3.Center for Promotion of the COE Program, Ritsumeikan University, Shiga-ken 525-8577, Japan;
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Abstract Frequent natural disasters and man-made catastrophes have threatened the safety of citizens and have attracted much more attention. The rescue mission under disaster environment is very complicated and dangerous for a rescue team. Search and rescue (SAR) robots can not only improve the efficiency of rescue operations but also reduce the casualty of rescuers. Robots can help rescue teams and even replace rescuers to perform dangerous missions. Search and rescue robots will play a more and more important role in the rescue operations. A survey of the research status of search and rescue robots in Japan, USA, China and other countries has been provided. According to current research, experiences and the lessons learned from applications, the five key performances of a search and rescue robot are survivability, mobility, sensing, communicability and operability. Multi-technique fusion and multi-agent intelligent network are considered to be requirements for the future development of the search and rescue robot. Disaster prevention, disaster reduction and disaster rescue are the important parts of national public safety. They are also crucial for the safety of citizens and their estates. Search and rescue robotic technique is an urgent needed, strategic and core technique for national development. It will be important and strategic for national economy and safety.
Issue Date: 05 December 2007
 Cite this article:   
LIU Jinguo,WANG Yuechao,LI Bin, et al. Current research, key performances and future development of search and rescue robots[J]. Front. Mech. Eng., 2007, 2(4): 404-416.
 URL:  
http://journal.hep.com.cn/fme/EN/10.1007/s11465-007-0070-2
http://journal.hep.com.cn/fme/EN/Y2007/V2/I4/404
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