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Frontiers in Energy

Front. Energy    2017, Vol. 11 Issue (2) : 126-134
The German Energiewende and its roll-out of renewable energies: An economic perspective
Sebastian KREUZ(), Felix MÜSGENS
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Electrical and Energy Systems, Brandenburg University of Technology, 03046 Cottbus, Germany
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This paper gives a short overview of the German Energiewende, i.e. the transition of a large and mostly thermal electricity system towards electricity generation from renewable energy source. It discusses both, the motivation of the transitions as future goals and current status. Furthermore, it gives an in-depth view into the changes in economic costs for society as well as electricity price effects, especially for average private households and industrial consumers. It also discusses the benefits of the promotion of renewable energies in Germany.

Keywords electricity system      renewable energy      cost-benefit analysis     
Corresponding Authors: Sebastian KREUZ   
Just Accepted Date: 07 April 2017   Online First Date: 10 May 2017    Issue Date: 01 June 2017
 Cite this article:   
Sebastian KREUZ,Felix MÜSGENS. The German Energiewende and its roll-out of renewable energies: An economic perspective[J]. Front. Energy, 2017, 11(2): 126-134.
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Tab.1  Selected goals of the German government in the field of energy policies []
Fig.1  Installed capacity of renewable energy in Germany since 1990 []
Fig.2  Annual renewable energy support costs (RESC) of subsidized renewable energy sources in Germany []
Fig.3  Feed-in tariff development for small-scale photovoltaic systems and onshore wind []
Fig.4  Share of electricity consumption (first circle) and share of RESC burden (€ 21.8 billion) (second circle) paid by different consumer groups in 2015 [,]
Fig.5  Electricity prices for an average German private household for the years 1998 to 2015 [] (Green sections represent the direct costs of the energy transition: renewable surcharge, CHP surcharge, offshore liability levy; black sections represent the costs of electricity generation, grid surcharge, wholesale and retail costs; grey sections represent all other costs: e.g., further surcharges and taxes.)
Fig.6  Electricity prices for an average industrial consumer in Germany for the years 1998 and 2015 [] (Green sections represent direct costs of the energy transition: renewable surcharge, CHP surcharge, offshore liability levy; black sections represent the cost of electricity generation, grid surcharge, wholesale and retail cost; grey sections represent all other costs: e.g., further surcharges and taxes.)
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