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Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering

Front. Environ. Sci. Eng.    2015, Vol. 9 Issue (4) : 738-744     https://doi.org/10.1007/s11783-014-0666-9
RESEARCH ARTICLE
Coupled aerobic and anoxic biodegradation for quinoline and nitrogen removals
Ning YAN1,Lu WANG1,Ling CHANG1,Cuiyi ZHANG1,Yang ZHOU1,Yongming ZHANG1,*(),Bruce E. RITTMANN2
1. Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, College of Life and Environmental Science, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai 200234, China
2. Swette Center for Environmental Biotechnology, Biodesign Institute, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287-5701, USA
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Abstract

Quinoline (C9H7N) commonly occurs in wastewaters from the chemical, pharmaceutical, and dyeing industries. As quinoline is biodegraded, nitrogen is released as ammonium. Total-N removal requires that the ammonium-N be nitrified and then denitrified. The objective of this study was to couple quinoline biodegradation with total-N removal. In a proof-of-concept step, activated sludge was sequenced from aerobic to anoxic stages. The ammonium nitrogen released from quinoline biodegradation in the aerobic stage was nitrified to nitrate in parallel. Anoxic biodegradation of the aerobic effluent then brought about nitrogen and COD removals through denitrification. Then, simultaneous quinoline biodegradation and total-N removal were demonstrated in a novel airlift internal loop biofilm reactor (AILBR) having aerobic and anoxic zones. Experimental results showed that the AILBR could achieve complete removal of quinoline, 91% COD removal, and 85% total-N removal when glucose added as a supplemental electron donor once nitrate was formed.

Keywords Quinoline      biofilm      reactor      biodegradation      denitrification     
Corresponding Author(s): Yongming ZHANG   
Online First Date: 28 March 2014    Issue Date: 25 June 2015
 Cite this article:   
Bruce E. RITTMANN,Ning YAN,Lu WANG, et al. Coupled aerobic and anoxic biodegradation for quinoline and nitrogen removals[J]. Front. Environ. Sci. Eng., 2015, 9(4): 738-744.
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http://journal.hep.com.cn/fese/EN/10.1007/s11783-014-0666-9
http://journal.hep.com.cn/fese/EN/Y2015/V9/I4/738
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Bruce E. RITTMANN
Ning YAN
Lu WANG
Ling CHANG
Cuiyi ZHANG
Yang ZHOU
Yongming ZHANG
Fig.1  Schematic and picture of the airlift internal loop biofilm reactor (AILBR)
Fig.2  Quinoline biodegradation and dynamics of COD and N species with sequential aerobic and anoxic biodegradation by activated sludge at 35°C. As minimal nitrite was detected, NOx–N was mainly nitrate. Error bars indicate the standard deviation for three replicate experiments
Fig.3  Quinoline biodegradation by AILBR without supplemental glucose added and at 19°C. As minimal nitrite was detected, NOx–N was mainly nitrate. Error bars indicate the standard deviation for three replicate experiments
Fig.4  Quinoline biodegradation by AILBR (temperature = 19°C) with supplemental glucose added at 24 h. Error bars indicate the standard deviation for three replicate experiments.
Fig.5  Effect of different glucose concentrations added (at 24-h) on total-N and COD removal in the AILBR (temperature= 19°C)
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